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Jabez Hill, one of 171 convicts transported on the Elizabeth, 11 August 1820
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 54 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Bristol City Quarter Session, Session of Peace, Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery
11th August, 1820
31st December, 1820
|Place of arrival
||New South Wales
Travelled with 172 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 363 (183)
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Denis Pember on 10th October, 2017 wrote:
In the colony, Jabez married Mary Bolton. Mary was the daughter of Robert Bolton (Convict, 1802, “Perseus”) and Ann Smith (Convict, 1804, “Experiment”). Jabez and Mary married in 1824 at Parramatta. They had three children, Elizabeth 1826, and the twins, Emma, 1828 and Rowland, 1828.
The family is recorded in the 1828 Census:
[Ref H1772] Hill Jabez, 27, government servant, Elizabeth, 1820, life, labourer, Prospect.
[Ref H1773] Hill, Mary, 20, born in the colony, Protestant.
[Ref H1774] Hill, Elizabeth, 2, born in the colony.
[Ref H1775] Hill, Emma L., 8 m, born in the colony.
[Ref H1776] Hill, Rowland, 8 m, born in the colony.
Denis Pember on 10th October, 2017 wrote:
Jabez did not have a smooth transistion to life in the colony; On 30th June 1829 we find…
Hill, Jabez, Elizabeth, general sessions, Parramatta, assaulting a constable in penal settlement, 3 years gaol.
Then in 1850 he was granted a conditional pardon.
To be followed in 1852, at Parramatta…
Jabez Hill admitted to North Parramatta gaol in 1852: (crime not detailed)
Jabez Hill, Elizabeth, 1820, born 1801, 5 feet 7 inches tall, stout make, fair complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, scar on mouth, nearly bald, nose inclining to the right, native place Bristol, Protestant, carpenter, free by servitude, could read and write
Denis Pember on 10th October, 2017 wrote:
Sometime around 1834, the marriage to Mary must have broken down, we find Mary living with Francis John Piesley and later Jabez has relationship with Belinda Pitches and they had a child, Alfred, 1847. Belinda was the daughter of John Pitches (Convict, 1802, “Perseus”) and Mary Reece (Came Free, 1802, “Perseus”).
Beth Kebblewhite on 16th August, 2019 wrote:
April 1820 -
“Jabez Hill and John Gilmore, for burglary in the dwelling-house of Wm. Weston (the Blind Asylum). Guilty - Death.”
(Source: “Felix Farley’s Bristol Journal”, Saturday 8 April 1820)
May 1820 -
Jabez HILL, 19, was received onto the hulk ship “Justinia” moored at Woolwich [London] on 24/05/1820. He had been tried at Bristol Sessions on 01/04/1820 for “Burglary” & had a sentence of transportation for life to NSW. He was transported on 03/08/1820.
(Source: UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849, Class: HO9; Piece: 4)
December 1820 -
Jabez HILL arrived per ship “Elizabeth” 1 (3) on 1820. The ship arrived on 31 Dec. 1820, after leaving England on 18 August.
NAME Jabez Hill
WHERE CONVICTED Bristol (City) Session of
WHEN 1st April 1820
NATIVE PLACE Bristol
HEIGHT 5’ 7 1/2”
HAIR Sandy Brown
REMARKS 42/799; 50/545
(Source: SRNSW Convict Ship Indents - Microfiche 645, p278)
15 Jan. 1822 -
Jabez Hill, “bond”, per ship “Ocean” [should be “Elizabeth”] was charged with “Disobedience of Overseers Orders” at the Magistrates Court Parramatta in early 1822. Hannibal McArthur & Henry Grattan Douglass were the sitting Magistrates. Jabez was among 9 men, “attached to Patrick’s Gang”, all with the same charges and “Admonished and Discharged to Employer”.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Papers - Microfiche 3297; X643; p1B)
Jabez HILL, Convict, per ship Elizabeth, Life, Road Party - Patrick, Parramatta (A10012)
1823-25 Muster -
* Jabez HILL, convict per “Elizabeth” 1821, Life, Government Servant to his wife Mary [Hill] (25069)
* Mary HILL, born colony, wife of Jabus (sic) Hill, Parramatta (24910)
Jabez Hill, convict per ship “Elizabeth” & Mary Bolton, free, applied for permission to marry. Rev. Samuel Marsden made the application to the Governor on their behalf.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Papers - Reel 6012; 4/3510; p425)
5 April 1824 -
Jabez Hill & Mary Bolton were wed at St John’s Church Parramatta.
(Source: NSW Church Records V1824-3322-3B) [Note: The couple had 3 children born 1826-28 at Prospect.]
4 Dec. 1826 -
A letter was sent to the Colonial Secretary from J. Harris of the Court of Magistrates at Parramatta re Jabez HILL. It stated that Hill was “still alive and a resident of Prospect. He is assigned to his wife, a native of the Colony, daughter of one Robert Bolton”.
This answer was in reply to a letter from Betty Hill (dated 30 July 1826), of Bristol, to the Colonial Secretary, enquiring about her son Jabez who she had not heard of for some time. The papers contain a complete copy of Betty’s letter.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s In Letters - 4/1910; 26/8130)
Jabez Hill, Householder, assigned to his wife. Prospect.
(Source: Mitchell Library - Wentworth Papers D1 page 264 - “District Constable’s List 3rd April 1827, for the Quarter Sessions”)
* Jabez HILL, aged 27, government servant, per ship “Elizabeth: 1820, Protestant, labourer, Prospect (H1772)
* Mary HILL, aged 20, born in the colony, Protestant, Prospect (H1773)
* Elizabeth HILL, aged 2 years, born in the colony, Protestant, Prospect (H1774)
* Emma L. HILL, aged 8 months, born in the colony, Protestant, Prospect (H1775)
* Rowland HILL, aged 8 months, born in the colony, Protestant, Prospect (H1776)
** William BOLT, aged 18, born in the colony, Protestant, labourer, Jabez Hill’s, Prospect (B1551) (probably is William Bolton, Mary’s brother)
** Mary RYAN, aged 30, government servant, per ship “Elizabeth” 1828, Catholic, servant, Jabez Hill, Prospect (R1646)
30 June 1829 -
Mary HILL sent a letter to the Governor’s wife, Mrs Darling, asking that she “submit the enclosed Memorial” to her husband, the Governor. Mary signed her name.
Jabez’s Memorial asks the Governor for clemency & to be allowed to stay near his wife instead of “being exiled to a Distant Settlement”.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Letters - 4/2037; 29/5204)
6 July 1829 -
A letter was sent from the Sheriff stating that Jabez Hill had arrived in Sydney Gaol after being sentenced at Parramatta c30th June. He had been convicted of “assaulting a Police Constable in the execution of his duty, and harbouring a Prisoner of the Crown”. Jabez was under sentence of “three years to a Penal Settlement”.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s In Letters; 29/3204; 4/2034)
2 Jan. 1830 -
Jabez Hill, British convict, was listed in the Moreton Bay (Queensland) hospital records.
(Source: Queensland Pre-Separation Index. Location of records - Queensland State Archives [HOS1 Series) 1 - 21)
June 1832 -
Jabez’s 3 year term of imprisonment at Moreton Bay should have expired.
15 Feb. 1833 -
Jabez Hill, per ship “Elizabeth”, was transported from Moreton Bay (Queensland) on the ship “Governor Phillip” to the Hulk at Sydney on the 15/2/1833, then to Hyde Park Barracks.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Papers 4/3898; Reel 1063, p242)
31 March 1833 -
Jabez Hill, “Elizabeth” 3, shopman to Nicholas Carberry, Greendale. [Convict transfers & assignments]
(Source: NSW Government Gazette”, 31 March 1833, p205)
Jabez HILL, aged 33, ship “Elizabeth” 1820, to [Master] John Row (sic), Parramatta (12423)
(Source: General Return of Convicts in NSW 1837)
13 June 1838 -
Petition of Jabez Hill for a TOL. It stated that he was living apart from wife Mary, but had his son (Rowland) with him. He even had the Constable who he assaulted in 1829, give him a good reference! Jabez stated that Mary had wished to “reside with her own parents at Prospect, which unfortunately for petitioner their whole characters were truly bad and which he was not aware of until alas it was too late”. He said she now lived & had children to another man (Peisley). He asked for a TOL so he could support himself and be “enabled to take his two daughters from daily witnessing the vice of their mother”. Another one of Jabez’s referees was Milanda Rowe, his future defacto “spouse”.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Letters - 4/2425; 38/5914)
24 Dec. 1838 -
Jabez wrote another Petition to the Governor, saying he had not heard about his previous one, sent several months before. He ‘had proceeded to his appointed place of abode, his Master’s Farm Luddenham, Mulgoa.” His master was John Blaxland. Milanda Rowe, wrote another reference too.
(Source: SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Letters - 4/2515.1; 38/12197; Reel 2214)
[note: John Blaxland was the brother of the explorer Gregory]
12 March 1842 -
Jabez Hill received a Ticket-of-leave.
DATE: 12 March 1842
NAME: Jabez Hill
SHIP: Elizabeth 3
TRADE OR CALLING:
PLACE OF TRIAL: Bristol City Sessions
DATE OF TRIAL: 1 Apr 1820
YEAR OF BIRTH:
[Other Notes: PP (?) June 1843
CP (conditional pardon) May 1849
...Pardon No. 50/545 dated 10 Aug. 1850]
ALLOWED TO REMAIN IN THE DISTRICT OF PENRITH ON RECOMMENDATIION OF PENRITH BENCH. DATED NOV. 1841
(Source: SRNSW Convict Ticket-of-leave Butts. 4/4181, Reel 953. No. 42/799)
16 March 1842 -
Jabez Hill, of Penrith, was on a list of “Prisoners of the Crown” who had received a TOL.
(Source: “NSW Government Gazette”, 16 March 1842, p450)
4 May 1842 -
Jabez Hill received a Ticket-of-leave Passport, allowing him to “travel between Penrith and Parramatta on his own business for 12 months”.
(Source: SRNSW Ticket-of-leave Passport Butts - 4/4245. No. 42/539, Reel 969) [Ticket of leave passports allowed convicts holding tickets of leave to travel between certain points, visit a certain place or to attend the city markets for a specified period of time.]
Mary PIESLEY, abode Parramatta, aged 34 years, died on the 3rd July 1843. The funeral was held at St Johns Parramatta on the 5th. Rev. Wood was the Minister.
(Source: NSW Church Register Records V1843-488-27B) [Note: Mary Hill nee Bolton was Jabez’ wife & had been living with Francis Piesley since about 1830]
28 June 1844 -
Jabez Hill received a Ticket-of-leave Passport, allowing him to “travel between Penrith and Parramatta in the service of E. J. Blaxland Esq. for 12 months”.
(Source: SRNSW Ticket-of-leave Passport Butts - 4/4254. No. 44/484, Reel 972)
Son Alfred Hill was born to Jabez & defacto wife Milanda/Belinda Rowe nee Pitches at South Creek (St Marys). The child was not baptised until 1853 and Jabez gave his occupation as carpenter.
(Source: NSW Parish Church Records V1847-1518-39A) [It would appear that Milanda/Belinda Rowe nee Pitches had left her husband John Rowe after more than 20 years of marriage. John Rowe of Parramatta had been the official “Master” of Jabez from 1837-38. There is no record of a marriage between Jabez and Milanda/Belinda.]
Jabez Hill, of Penrith, was on a list of persons with unclaimed letters held at Sydney Post Office for the month of August.
(Source: “NSW Government Gazette”,1842, p1155)
Jabez received a Conditional Pardon.
DATE: 10 August 1850
NAME: Jabez Hill
SHIP: Elizabeth 3
NATIVE PLACE: Bristol
TRADE OR CALLING: Shopman
PLACE OF TRIAL: Bristol
DATE OF TRIAL: 1st Apr 1820
YEAR OF BIRTH: 1801
HEIGHT: 5 feet 7 1/2 inches
HAIR: Sandy Brown
(Source: SRNSW Convict Pardons - 4/4472: Reel 794. No. 50/545)
1851 to 1852 -
Jabez HILL, leasehold, St Marys, South Creek, Police District of Penrith.
(Source: SRNSW “Electors in the Electoral District of the County of Cumberland Entitled to Vote 1/9/1851 to 1/8/1852”. Microfiche 772)
“Jabez Hill was placed at the bar, charged with stealing on the 17th January last, from the dwelling house of Mr. Charles Ellis, innkeeper, of St. Mary’s, one bonnet and veil, also, money to the amount of £5. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty, and Hill was discharged. Advocate, Mr. Nichols.”
(Source: SMH 19 Feb 1853, p2)
July 1860 -
Jabez HILL placed his name on a petition against the formation of a Municipal Council for Penrith.
(Source: “NSW Government Gazette” No. 191, dated 17 October 1860)
There was a Jabez Hill who died 8/7/1908 & was buried Lithgow. This man was aged 49 (born circa 1859). Ours was born c1801. The date of death for Jabez is unknown.
Convict Changes History
Denis Pember on 10th October, 2017 made the following changes:
date of birth: 1801 (prev. 0000), gender: m