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Richard Hill, one of 306 convicts transported on the Mary Ann, 06 July 1835
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 61 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Glasgow Court of Justiciary
6th July, 1835
11th November, 1835
|Place of arrival
||New South Wales
Travelled with 305 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 90, Class and Piece Number HO11/10, Page Number 114
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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D Brunton on 12th July, 2016 wrote:
Found guilty of hamesucken, rape, assault and ravish. Pardoned and sent to Australia.
2 individual petitions (the prisoner and B R Bell, counsel) and 7 collective petitions (13 people, Jury members; 34 people, Jurymen of the assize; 6 people, magistrates of Glasgow; 2 people, William Scott Brunston and Jennet Brunston/Janet Brunston; 6 people of Airdrie, including Hugh McCulloch captain of police and procurator fiscal; 266 people of Kirkfield Bank ‘being nearly the whole male inhabitants thereof’, most trades professions given; and 96 people of Lanark, including the provost and magistrates, some trades/professions given) on behalf of Richard Hill, weaver, convicted at the Circuit Court of Justiciary held at Glasgow on 17 September 1834 for hamesucken, rape, assault and ravish on Janet Inglis/Janet Brunton, the wife of William Scott Brunton on 27 May 1834 or 28 May 1834. The prisoner is held in Glasgow Jail/Glasgow Tollbooth. The date of execution is given as 8th October 1834. There is a letter from D [David] Boyle, Lord Justice Clerk, requesting a respite for the prisoner for 14 days so that an enquiry can be made and a report submitted in due course (Boyles letter also mentions John Boyd convicted of murder at the same circuit and suggests that a respite may be required in this case but leaves it to the discretion of T [Thomas] Spring Rice); 2 reports from D Boyle recommending transportation for life; a note from Boyle stating that there are no grounds for Mr Young’s complaints against the Sheriff Substitute; a printed ‘Indictment’; a ‘Declaration’ of Richard Hill; a ‘Special Defence’ for Richard Hill; an acknowledgement of a respite for 14 days from William Mills, acting chief magistrate; a copy of ‘Lord Meadowbank’s notes’; a copy of a report (long and detailed) by Alexander Maconochie, Lord Meadowbank - no mercy; a covering letter from W P Gilham, stating that the victim is of bad character; a statement of good character for the prisoner from 6 people of Airdrie including Matthew Forsyth, Provost; a statement of bad character of the victim from, Alex Fowler, ‘Sakman’ of Selkirk Mills; a covering letter from William Gilmour, acting chief magistrate of Glasgow; letters from William Monteith, J P Colquhoun; John A Murray; George Chenytoun[?]; Daniel[?] Vere and Walter Moir, sheriff substitutes and James Ewing; a covering letter from Mr Maxwell; a letter on mourning paper [mostly illegible]; 2 part letters [pages or signature wanting]. There are affidavits from Daniel French; Robert Gardner; John Gilchrist; Ann Simpson; James Simpson; Janet Steel and Isabella Whitten and bound depositions in two groups:
(first group: Sophia Thomson; Alexander Binning; Archibald Young; Margaret Thomson; James Craig; William[?] Maddel; John Buchanan; James Annan; William Black; John McGarva; Alexander Brown; John Currie; James Burnside; Grizzell Thomson; Janet Inglis (or Brunton); Bernard Blaney; Eleanor Jackson (or Kirk); Margaret Morrison; John Russell; James Hill; James Thomson; Matthew Forsyth; William Watson; Gavin Watherspoon; Hugh McCulloch; Thomas Main and William Miller;
(second group: John Gilchrist; Isabella Whitton; Daniel French; Janet Steel; Ann Simpson; James Simpson; George Scott Gillethe; James Capie; Ann Reid; John Sherridan Robertson; James Wilson; Agnes Romine (or Fairfield); James Cochrane; David Steel; William Gray; James Martin; Alexander Gillespie; William Scott Brunton; Janet Ingles (or Brunton); Robert Harkison; Marion Whittam and Elizabeth Bannatyne (or Cleland-widow of John Cleland).
Further depositions are from Alexander Fowler; the Reverend Andrew Lawrence; William Blair; James Walker; Robert Gardner; James Kennedy; William Fairley; John Dodd and Thomas Adamson.
Grounds for clemency: the victim is of bad character, had ‘criminal intercourse’ with the prisoner before, this renders a conviction for rape unsound, a child the victim is carrying is the prisoners, the jury recommended the prisoner to mercy before sentence was passed, the jury was 8 to 7 for a guilty verdict, had claimed rape to protect her reputation, the prisoner believed the victim would not commit perjury in court, prisoner did not call witnesses in his favour as he thought the trial would not take place. Initial sentence: death. Annotated: ‘sees no reason for recommending any mitigation’ and ‘Pardon prepd [prepared] on condition of Trans [transportation] for life - 22 Oct 1834’. Bg 13 [Scot].
1834 Sept 22
The National Archives, Kew
Convict Changes History
D Brunton on 12th July, 2016 made the following changes: