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Mary Hipwell

Mary Hipwell, one of 106 convicts transported on the Active, Albermarle, Atlantic, Barrington, Britannia, Mary Ann, Matilda, Salamander and William and Mary, January 1791

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Mary Hipwell
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1765
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 1837
Age: 72 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Mary Anne
Departure date: 16th February, 1791
Arrival date: 9th July, 1791
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 14 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 120
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 23rd June, 2011 wrote:

Court Transcript

: Mary was convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing gloves to the value of 1 shilling and transported on the ship ‘Mary Ann’ in 1791.

Old Bailey transcript 27 Oct 1790:
BENJAMIN COLBORNE andMARY HIPWELLwere indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 12th day of August last, two silver sauceboats, value 4 l. a silver coffee-pot, value 6 l. nine silver table spoons, value 3 l. seven silver tea-spoons, value 14 s. two silver salt cellars, value 16 s. a silver punch ladle, value 5 s. a silver cup, value 10 s. an ink-stand, value 10 s. seven silver salt spoons, value 5 s. two silver waiters, value 40 s. four pair of plated candlesticks, value 40 s. a plated candlestick, extinguisher, and chain, value 14 s. a plated cream jug, gilt with gold, value 10 s. one muffinet, the inside gilt with gold, value 10 s. a cruet stand, plated with silver, value 10 s. a gold watch chain with a gold hoop, value 10 l. a green etwee case, mounted with gold, and gold instruments, value 10 l. one mother of pearl rouge box, wrought and mounted with gold, value 5 s. twenty-four beads, value 40 s. a pair of paste buckles, set in silver, value 3 l. a gold ring, value 20 s. five pair of garnet ear-rings, value 10 l. twelve real pearls, value 20 s. twelve Roman pearls, value 12 s. two pair of Roman drops, for ear-rings, value 10 s. one antique Chinese, value 20 l. two other rings, value 3 l. one mourning ring, value 10 s. eight yards of cloth, value 3 l. twelve muslin handkerchiefs, value 20 s. five yards of callico, value 10 s. a silk mode cloak, trimmed with lace, value 5 l. three muslin aprons, value 15 s. fourteen neck handkerchiefs, value 5 s. one wrought bed furniture of India dimity, value 50 l. one India dimity jacket, value 2 l. one muslin petticoat, flounced, value 40 s. one muslin jacket and petticoat, value 20 s. two bed-gowns, value 10 s. two knives, value 5 s. a white silk petticoat, value 20 s. a shawl, value 10 s. a silk gown and petticoat, value 5 s. a white callico chemise, value 5 l. twelve agate handled knives, value 5 l. two linen bed-gowns, value 10 s. one gilt metal, box, value 12 s. a paper machee snuff-box, value 10 l. one blue and gold smelling bottle, with a gilt stopper, value 20 s. two pair of linen pillow-biers, value 18 d. sixty crown pieces, value 15 l. a five guinea piece, value 5 l. 5 s. and eighty silver medals, value 10 l. the property of Elizabeth Tyndall, widow, in her dwelling-house.

The case opened by Mr. Fielding, who informed the jury, that strong as the suspicions were, there was no evidence at all against the man, and none against the woman, as to the capital part of the charge.

My house is in Bolton-street, Piccadilly. The prisoner Mary Hipwell was left in care of the house, with a strict charge never to leave the house; I left town the 2d of August; on the 9th, I received a letter that my house was robbed; the fastenings are so good, that I am sure no person could get into my house without being let in; I have no suspicion of the servant being concerned in the robbery, any farther than quitting her charge, and basely going to Sadler’s Wells: the plate she had never seen, was not taken; the winter clothes that she had not seen, were not taken; there are not half the things in the indictment, which I lost; I am able to swear to these gloves; when the patrol gave them to me, she said, they are not yours, madam, they are a pair you gave me; no, says I, Mary, these are mine most certainly; they never were worn; they are marked with the maker’s name, and the initials of mine; I know them to be mine; I left them in the cabinet, locked up in a drawer; there was a pillow-case found in her box; there is no mark on it; but to the best of my belief it is mine; I saw the gloves the day before I went out of town.

- GRANT sworn.
I am the patrol belonging to Bow-street: I went to Mrs. Tyndall’s house about a quarter before one; I took charge of the two prisoners; the woman prisoner told me nothing was lost but plate; the woman gave me the key of her box; and in searching her box, I found the pair of gloves and the pillow-case.

Prisoner Hipwell. Had not my mistress three honest characters with me? - No.
The prisoner called two witnesses who gave her a good character.
MARY HIPWELL, GUILTY of stealing the gloves, value one shilling.

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

Denis Pember on 13th April, 2016 wrote:

It seems amazing when the statement was made in the trial that there was so little evidence, that Mary was convicted at all.
In the colony, around 1793, Mary formed a relationship with Richard Beale Reynolds (Convict, Atlantic, 1791). The couple had one child, Edward, born 1794.
After a short time, the relationship had broken down and Mary was with Thomas Gosper (Convict, Surprize, 1790). The couple had 4 children between 1798 and 1805. Thomas and Mary did eventually marry, November 19th 1810 at Windsor.

Denis Pember on 13th April, 2016 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 166…
[Ref G0819] Gosport, Thomas, 59, free by servitude, Surprize, 1790, 7 years, Protestant, farmer, Wilberforce. 220 acres, 50 cleared and cultivated, 3 horses, 10 cattle.
[Ref G0820] Gosport, Mary A., 63, free by servitude, Mary Ann, 1791, 7 years, Protestant.
### Three of the sons are also recorded with their wives and families:
[Ref G0821] Gosport, James, 22 (with wife Margaret and 1 child) Farmer, at Wilberforce.
[Ref G0824] Gosport, Thomas, 31 (with wife Mary and 4 children) Farmer, at Lower Portland Head.
[Ref G0830] Gosport, John, 25 (with wife Hannah and 3 children) Farmer, at Lower Portland Head.
There appears to be no record of the other son, Joseph, but he should be there, he married Ann Marsden and they has 11 children.

Carmen Schnegg on 27th January, 2018 wrote:

On the 12th Aug 1790,it was alleged Mary stole wearing apparel, plate and jewels to the value of over 200 pounds,the property of Elizabeth Tindall,widow of Bolton St Piccadilly. Mary worked for Elizabeth and was in charge of the house at the time of the robbery as Elizabeth was out of town. Mary was convicted of stealing gloves to the value of 1 shilling and sentenced to 7 yrs.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 13th April, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1765 (prev. 0000), date of death: 23rd August, 1837 (prev. 0000), gender: f, crime

Carmen Schnegg on 27th January, 2018 made the following changes:

voyage, date of death: 0000 (prev. 23rd August, 1837)

Brian Towler on 14th November, 2018 made the following changes:

date of death: 1837 (prev. 0000)

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