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Margaret Holmes

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Margaret Holmes
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1768
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 20th September, 1850
Age: 82 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Theft~grand larceny
Convicted at: Old Bailey
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Active, Albermarle, Atlantic, Barrington, Britannia, Mary Ann, Matilda, Salamander and William and Ann
Departure date: January, 1791
Arrival date: 9th July, 1791
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 1015 other convicts


Primary source: https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/search NSW Early Convicts Index 1788-1801 Record ID nec316 Data created by State Archives and Records of New South Wales
Source description:

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 5th June, 2019 wrote:

Old Bailey:
9 Dec 1789:
HANNAH CARLTON and MARGARET HOLMES were indicted for stealing, on the 4th of November last, fourteen yards of callico, value 16 s. the property of Edward Bowerbank.


I am a linen draper in Newgate-street : I lost fourteen yards of callico, on the 4th of November; I cannot tell what day of the week; I was not at home: I was sent for immediately on the prisoners being detected.


The prisoners came into the shop of Mr. Edward Bowerbank , between five and six, the 4th of November, to buy a cotton bed-gown; I shewed them some prints for it; and Ann Carlton took one of the prints off the counter; I saw her; it was a piece of callico containing fourteen yards; I had shewed it to her the first piece; she laid it on one side; and I saw her take it, and put it under her apron, and go to the door; in consequence of which, she says to the other that she left in the shop, make haste and buy; she made no answer; and while I was going to the counter, she made off; I took her about an hundred yards from the door; she had the property on her; till I brought her into the shop, it was under her apron; I saw her drop it in the shop; I picked it up; I gave it to my brother; and he and me have had the care of it: he locked it up; I am sure that piece belonged to my brother; it has our shop mark: when the prisoners came in, they looked at the prints, and discoursed together; I took her into custody.


I am a haberdasher; I was passing along Newgate-street, and happened to stop; there was a confusion of carriages, and I stopped opposite the door; and I saw the prisoner Carlton come out of the door with some thing in her apron; and she said to Holmes, make haste and buy what you want, and come along; Carlton was at Mr. Bowerbank’s door; immediately after that, she ran; and then seeing Mr. John Bowerbank come out, she ran very fast up the street; and John Bowerbank caught her about a hundred yards from the door, brought her back, and said she was a shoplifter, and had taken a piece of print; she said nothing; I desired him to be cautious how she dropped it, because she might take it with others; and I saw the print under her apron, and on the step of the door; it was a small pattern, yellowish ground, two or three colours; it was opened, and I particularly looked at it; the cotton was taken care of by Mr. Bowerbank; Holmes was in the shop; I saw her doing nothing.


I am a constable; I took the prisoners into custody at Mr. Bowerbank’s; I left the property with Mr. Bowerbank; I searched them both, and found no property about them, nor any money, except a few bad halfpence; I examined their pockets compleatly.

(The cotton deposed to by Edward Bowerbank.)

There is a shop mark in characters, in figures; it was made by me; the figures were a V turned the wrong way, and a cross; I had such a piece when I went out; I had no property but what was my own.

Prisoners. We have nothing to say; we have no witnesses.


Transported for seven years.

C28/7/1792: Married or partnered with William Morrison a seaman.
28/4/1792: Son, William born.

4/10/1812: Married Joseph Smith (Neptune 1789) at St. Matthews, Windsor.
Joseph Smith 1804-1856
William Smith 1809-??
Mary Ann Smith 1811-1912

1828 Census:
Smith, Joseph, 55, free by servitude, Neptune, 1790, Protestant, farmer Lower Portland Head, 301 acres, 205 acres cleared 205 acres cultivated, 7 horses, 204 horned cattle
Smith, Margaret, 54, Mary Ann, 1791, 7 years, Protestant.

20/9/1850: Margaret died, aged 83, at Macdonald River, Hawkesbury.

Joseph Smith died in 1856 and was buried on his farm.

Graeme Hudson on 6th June, 2019 wrote:

Margaret had several relationships and marriages. Children: Charlotte 1794 (LZK4-ZY3), George S 1796 (K8V1-QJZ) - married Father, William SMITH 1758 (L27L-2QJ). James 1799(LVHL-Y82)- married father Patrick Shannon 1759-1805(LHCC-ML4) Joseph 1804-?(KN81-RTL),William 1809-1870(K26P-LF9),Mary Ann 1811-1912(LH16-B5L)- father Joseph SMITH(L1H1-ZVZ)    .Elizabeth Smith 1799 (LQ5X-57J)- father Joseph SMITH(L1H1-ZVZ) (m Margaret Holmes), mother Mary Darkinjung 1780-1851, not married, (http://www.geni.com/people/Mary-Darkinjung). My family line through Elizabeth and father Joseph - many earlier researchers have denied birth to Darkinhung and the Aboriginal heritage.

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 5th June, 2019 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/search NSW Early Convicts Index 1788-1801 Record ID nec316 Data created by State Archives and Records of New South Wales (prev. ), firstname: Margaret, surname: Holmes, alias1: ,

D Wong on 5th June, 2019 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1768 (prev. 1774)

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