Hi Guest!
Contribute to this record

William Hubbard

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Hubbard
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1768
Occupation: Plasterer and tiler
Date of Death: 18th May, 1843
Age: 75 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Surrey Assizes at Kingston Upon Thames
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Lady Penrhyn, Scarborough and Alexander
Departure date: January, 1787
Arrival date: 22nd January, 1788
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 293 other convicts


Primary source: .wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_convicts_on_the_First_Fleet http://www.historyaustralia.org.au/twconvic/Scarborough+1788
Source description:

Did you find the person you were looking for?

If William Hubbard was the person you were looking for, you may be able to discover more about them by looking at our resources page.

If you have more hunting to do, try a new search or browse the convict records.

Know more about William Hubbard?

Contribute to this record

Community Contributions

D Wong on 14th February, 2018 wrote:

William Hubbard was tried at Southwark, Surrey on the 19/2/1783 for ‘Stealing a sheet’.  7 years transportation.

D Wong on 15th February, 2018 wrote:

**There were 2 William Hubbard’s on this voyage.

D Wong on 15th February, 2018 wrote:

William, of St Olave’s parish, was committed with William Boggis for theft of a sheet and charged at Southwark Surrey on 3 Feb 1783. On the 19th they were sentenced to be publicly whipped but appear to have been charged with a more serious offence the details of which are unknown. He was sentenced to transportation to America for seven years. On the Censor hulk in 1785 he was described as a plaisterer age 17.

The following information was inadvertently posted for the William Hubbard who was tried at the Old Bailey, but belongs to the William Hubbard who was tried at Surrey:

Denis Pember on 22nd September, 2015 wrote:

William married Mary Goulding (aka Atkinson) (Convict, Lady Juliana, 1790) 19 December 1790 at Parramatta.  They had 4 children.

It would appear that the marriage may have broken up because William was in a de facto relationship for some time with Hannah Whitelock (aka Sherwood) (Convict, Admiral Gambier, 1811).
By the 1822 Muster, it is clear that he has children in this relationship. Mary having died in 1820.
Baxter, Carol; 1822 Muster:
Whitlock, Hannah, free by servitude, Friends, 7 years, wife of Wm Hubbard, Sydney
Hubbard, William, free by servitude, Scarborough, 7 years, constable, Sydney
children of William Hubbard:
Hubbard, Mary, 7, born in the colony
Hubbard, John, 5 born in the colony
Hubbard, James, 3 born in the colony
Hubbard, William, 2 born in the colony.

Denis Pember on 22nd September, 2015 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
[Ref 2667] Hubbert, William, 57, free by servitude, Scarboro, 1788, 7 years, Protestant, waterman, Harringron Street Sydney
[Ref W1445] Whitlock, Hannah alias Hubbert, 45, free by servitude, Friends, 1811, 7 years, Protestant, wife of Wm Hubbert, Harrington Street Sydney
Whitlock, William, 9, born in the colony.

Heather Stevens on 13th September, 2019 wrote:

William Hubbard was born about 1768. He is possibly the child William, parents Thomas and Ann “Hubord” born 9 December 1768 (baptised 18 December 1768 at Sunbury on Thames, Surrey). I am not sure if this is the correct birth, but notice that William’s first two children were Thomas and Ann. [Register scan on Ancestry.com, IGI C067892]

In 1783 when he was 15, he was a plasterer by trade. [Gillen, Tench] He was living in the parish of St Olave in Surrey (in the area of Southwark, on the southern bank of the Thames in London) [Surrey QS]

When he was 15, he and William Boggis, a fisherman, were ‘Committed the 3d. Day of February, 1783, by John Levy, Esq. charged on the oaths of George Anderson and William Potter, with having feloniously taken and stolen in the House of the said George Anderson; One Sheet, of the value of Three Shillings, the Property of the said George Anderson.’ and were found guilty and sentenced to transportation to America for 7 years. [Surrey QS transcriptions per findmypast] Gillen has a different story: “On the 19th they were sentenced to be publicly whipped but appear to have been charged with a more serious offence (details unknown) “. [Gillen]

William Hubbard was at the New Gaol at Southwark, and transferred to the Censor hulk on 8 April 1785, then to the Justitia hulk. Eventually, aged about 19, he embarked on the Scarborough on 27th February 1787. [Gillen]

Hubbard was a member of the night watch: ‘In August 1789, Arthur Phillip established a night-watch which came under civil control. It consisted of eight of the best-behaved convicts in the Colony. This was the first Police force in the country.’ [Archives In Brief 20 , SR NSW]

In February 1790 his 7 year sentence was up and he was now a free man.

On 19 Dec 1790 he married Mary Atkinson/Goulding at Rose Hill (Parramatta). She used the name Goulding. They were married by Richard Johnson; they marked with a cross. Witnesses were Thos Barnsby[?] and Jno Dawson who witnessed all the marriages this day.

Children in William & Mary’s family were:

1. Ann Hubbard: born about 1791, her birth record has not been found, and it has been assumed by some researchers that she had been born soon after the ‘Lady Juliana’ arrived and William was not the father. She was married 7 Aug 1810 ?(V18101090-3A)? to William Nash at St Matthews, Windsor. She died 25 Oct 1879, aged 89 years, in Hyde Park Asylum, Sydney.

2. Thomas Hubbard: born 15 Aug 1796 [V1796146-148], probably the boy Hubbard who died 1812 (drowned - see below). [Note it is NOT the death 1839 V23A #448 Age 43 which has been checked - It is for Thomas Hubbard, ‘free Roxburgh Castle’]

3. Elizabeth Hubbard born 17 September 1800 ?( reg V1800266-148 & V1800930-1A)?, married 22 February1820 ?(V18202494-3A & V182070-3A)? to John Crook at St Phillips C of E, Sydney who died 28 August 1828 at Liverpool.

4. Harriet Hubbard born 29 October 1802 at Parramatta ?(reg V18021152-1A)?, married 22 November1821 ?(V1821183-8 & V18212836-38)? at St Phillip’s C of E Sydney to William Cook. Her death record has not been found. (She is NOT the Harriet Cook who died at Mt Keira 26 June 1852 - this is a different person)

5. Margaret Hubbard born about 1806 and died 1 August 1820 in Sydney. (reg V18204731-2B & V1820323 8).

In July 1791 they were settled on a 50 acre land grant at The Ponds (near modern Ryde). Watkin Tench visited this area in December and wrote “Hubbard’s farm, and Kelly’s also, deserve regard, from being better managed than most of the others. The people here complain sadly of a disruptive grub which destroys the young plants of maize. Many of the settlers have been obliged to plant twice, nay thrice on the same land, from the depredations of [the grubs].”

The Settlers Muster Book, 1800, has William renting 100 acres at the ‘Northern Boundary’, with 40 acres cleared, 6 acres in wheat and 18 acres ‘to be in maize’. The only livestock is 2 female hogs. He, his wife and 3 children are off stores (they are not receiving government stores for food), as was one female servant.

There was a William Hubbard, a private in the Parramatta Loyal Association in 1802. [HRA 1/3 p.692]

In 1803 the couple moved to a grant in the Hawkesbury district at Sackville Reach (or Portland Head) near Portland Reach.

In the 1806 muster Mary was described as Mary ‘Golderin’, housekeeper to William Hubbard. They had 70 acres, 13 sown with wheat, 2 with maize, ¼ of an acre of orchard and garden, 5 acres in fallow, 3 pigs, no grain in store. In this muster, Mary and William Hubbard had 4 children, 3 girls and 1 boy. The children are probably Ann (about 15), Thomas (10), Elizabeth (6) and Harriett (4); evidently Margaret had not been born by the time the muster was taken.

In the Sydney Gazette 8 Sept 1810, there is an article which lists people who are soon to leave Sydney on the ship ‘Aurora’. William Hubbard and James Ruse are in this list of names. The ‘Aurora’ evidently was involved in sealing.

It is possible that William Hubbard was in debt. In the Bigge Report, he is in a ‘List of Confessions made by Persons who are Indebted to Government’ 6/6/1796- 26/1/1808, and another list has him with 24 other people with damages and costs in a court case, ‘George Crossley’s Bill’. Wm Hubbard was owing £24.13.0, and costs were £3.16.8. The total of the bill was £627.2.0 and it was signed by Judge Barron Field (no date is given)

The death of son Thomas: The Sydney Gazette reported on 1 Aug 1812: “The Boyd, a small colonial vessel, whose bottom was originally the long-boat of the ship Boyd, which was captured at New Zealand, was last week unfortunately lost with a full freight of wheat from Hawkesbury, on a beach between Hunter’s River and Port Stevens, commonly called the Sand-Hills, two persons drowned, and one saved. The sufferers were, James Wallis, who belonged to the vessel, and—Hubbard, son of a Mr.Hubbard, settler on the River-Hawkesbury, whose intention of coming round was to take care of a quantity of wheat belonging to his father, and which of course was perished with the vessel.”

William Hubbard supplied 2000 lbs of fresh meat to the NSW Commissariat Department on 21 August, 1814.

In the 1816 census Hubbard and several others declared themselves free, but did not have supporting evidence.

In 1816 when he contributed to the Waterloo fund, he was listed as a baker in the Windsor area. In the musters he was a baker from 1816 to 1819

By 1820 the family moved to Sydney, where William was employed as a constable. In 1820 he was recorded as a constable at District Number 2 in Sydney, and was stationed at Cumberland Street, the Rocks. Hubbard was still a constable in 1825

His wife Mary Is probably the Mary Ann Hubbard who died 4 Sept 1820, in St Phillips burial register described as “free”, aged 66 (but she was nearer 52 according to age on embarkation), and who was buried 7 September at Sydney.

In the 1822 musters he was living with Hannah Whitlock (or Whitelock) and there were four children bearing his name: Mary born about 1815, John about 1817, James about 1819, and William about 1820. Was he the father of these children? I have not been able to find births or deaths of the children on the NSW BDM index. Hannah had come out as a convict on the Friends in 1811. In the 1823-25 muster there were two children, William and John (what happened to Mary and James?)

In the 1828 census, William Hubbard (recorded at Hubbert), aged 57, was working as a waterman in Sydney, from Harrington Street, The Rocks and was employing a labourer. Also in the household was Hannah Whitlock “wife of William Hubbard”. They were living at Harrington St, Sydney with Hannah’s nine year old son William, and William Hubbard’s daughter Elizabeth Crooke (28) and her three small children

The Regatta 2 Aug 1832: Hubbard’s boat, the ‘Mary Ann’ was in the fourth race, of licensed watermen’s boats, around Pinchgut Island and back. Hubbard’s boat came 5th out of 8. [SG 4 Aug 1832]

By 1833 there appeared to be a breakdown in the regulations regarding watermen’s licences, and they were being issued to virtually anyone. William Hubbard was one of six watermen who signed a memorial or petition complaining about this to the Governor on 9 August 1833.

When he was about 74, William Hubbard was admitted into the Sydney Benevolent Asylum on 21 May 1841, on the recommendation of Dr McKellar. He left with permission on 1 June 1841 and was readmitted on 30 June 1841. During the next two years he left occasionally for a few hours at a time, eight times over the two years.

29 Jan 1842 the Sydney Gazette reported that the Government is to award a life pension of 1 shilling a day to the last three surviving members of the first fleet. ‘The number of these really “old hands” is now reduced to three, of whom, two are now in the Benevolent Asylum.’

He died on 18 May 1843 age 76 at the Sydney Benevolent Asylum.

He was buried 22 May 1843, at the Sandhill Cemetery. The burial register of the parish of St Lawrence has ‘Free by Servitude pr Scarborough’

JEAN STEWART on 15th October, 2019 wrote:

He married my 4th great grandmother Mary Gouldin-Atkinson. She being 6 mths pregnant on arrival on the Lady Julianna 2nd fleet. They married and he gave the child his name thus Ann Hubbard Married 1810 to William Nash.

JEAN STEWART on 15th October, 2019 wrote:

Was regarded as the colony’s first policeman. Given this tittle by Govenor Maquarie. Note” He is not a bad chap” by the Govenor

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 14th February, 2018 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: .wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_convicts_on_the_First_Fleet (prev. ), firstname: William, surname: Hubbard, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 0000, date of death: 0000, gender: m, occupation, c

D Wong on 14th February, 2018 made the following changes:

source: .wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_convicts_on_the_First_Fleet http://www.historyaustralia.org.au/twconvic/Scarborough+1788 (prev. .wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_convicts_on_the_First_Fleet)

D Wong on 15th February, 2018 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1768 (prev. 0000), date of death: 18th May, 1843 (prev. 0000), occupation

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au