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Richard Hughes, one of 204 convicts transported on the Phoenix, 29 March 1824
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 58 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Middlesex Gaol Delivery
29th March, 1824
21st July, 1824
|Place of arrival
||Van Diemen's Land
Travelled with 203 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/5, Page Number 132
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 2nd January, 2020 wrote:
Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 02 January 2020), October 1823, trial of RICHARD HUGHES (t18231022-135).
RICHARD HUGHES, Theft > pocketpicking, 22nd October 1823.
1436. RICHARD HUGHES was indicted for stealing on the 20th of September , a basket, value 1 s.; two half-crowns, four shillings, and seventeen sixpences, the goods of Margaret Jordan , spinster , from her person .
MARGARET JORDAN . I live at No. 21, Nelson-street, City-road, and am a single woman. On the 20th of September I was going home, about half-past seven o’clock in the evening - I had been into Beech-street on business; I had a basket in my hand, which contained a purse, in which were seventeen sixpenny pieces, two half-crowns, and four shillings. I was walking arm-in-arm with Mrs. Marquis; we were going up Golden-lane ; I saw a young man standing at the corner of a court in the lane - I believe they call it Basket-alley. The prisoner snatched the basket out of my hand and ran up the court; we both cried out Stop thief! and ran up the court after him; he suddenly made a stop and let down his apron. I never lost sight of him; he ran sixty yards before he stopped, and was laid hold of. I said,
“What have you done with my money and basket?” He said he was not the person - the person who took it had gone through into Whitecross-street. The watchman came up and laid hold of him - the basket was afterwards found in the alley; the watchman picked it up and brought it to the watch-house.
Cross-examined by MR. PHILLIPS. Q. Was it a light night - A. It was, both from the moon and gas. I never saw him before - I did not see him drop the basket - I heard it fall, and heard the money rattle; it was thrown on a dunghill. There was no person in the court except a woman, who we ran by. There was nothing in the basket besides the purse of money, a key, and two thimbles. I did not ask the prisoner whether he was the person who took it.
LYDIA MARQUIS . I was in company with the prosecutrix on the 20th of September - we were returning home; at the corner of an alley we saw a tall young man, who appeared stooping forward as if looking for some person. He snatched the basket from my friend’s hand and ran up the court - I ran up with her, and called
“Stop thief!” He ran to the bottom of the court before he stopped. There was no other man running; I caught him, and laid hold of his apron - It was round him when he snatched the basket, but he let it down afterwards. I am sure the prisoner is the person; I perceived him throw something away, but what it was I could not tell; I did not see it picked up; I saw the basket afterwards; I was before my friend in seizing him.
Cross-examined. Q. He stopped himself. - A. He made a stop as if to cause us to overrun him. When I saw him throw something away, I did not stop to tell Miss Jordan, because I was so confused.
JOSEPH SIMONS . This alley is near White’s-yard, and in the county of Middlesex. I heard a cry of Stop thief! and ran up the court toward White’s-yard. The prisoner stopped when I first saw him. The young women charged him with robbing them of a basket. I found the basket in Basket-alley, and took them to the watch-house. They told me what it contained. I found it afterwards, but not the lid, nor the contents. The prisoner denied the charge.
Cross-examined. Q. Was he searched - A. The officer searched him. I believe 8 s. 6 d. was found on him, but I do not know in what coin. The young lady said there was seventeen sixpences in the purse. I did not find the key and thimble on him.
JANE BILLINGSLEY . I live in Basket-alley, Golden-lane. I saw the prisoner at the corner of Golden-lane. I was near enough to see him snatch the basket out of the hand of Miss Jordan. I was passing at the time, and was just by the side of him. He ran up the alley, but I did not follow. I saw the basket in his hand, and the young ladies run after him. I did not see him again till he was in the watch-house.
Cross-examined. Q. Did you see the basket found - A. I gave the watchman a light to search for it; I was present. I was also present when the prisoner was searched. It was near half an hour before he was searched.
MARGARET JORDAN re-examined. When he took the basket the lid came off.
THOMAS HARRISON . I heard the spring of the rattle. Simons had got the prisoner by the collar when I came up; he was pretending to fight. Two persons attempted to rescue him.
Prisoner’s Defence. I did not take the basket. Is it likely, if I took it, and they saw me throw it away, that they would not have gone and picked it up, instead of following me to the watch-house.
GUILTY . Aged 24. Transported for Life .
Tasmanian Conduct Record: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-19$init=CON31-1-19p33
Burial Record in parish of Hobart Town, in the County of Buckingham. 1828. https://stors.tas.gov.au/RGD34-1-1p071j2k
Richard Hughes, abode, Hobart Town, buried 30 Jan 1828, age 28, ship Phoenix, Convict.
Maureen Withey on 9th June, 2020 wrote:
National Archives. HO 17/9/2 1823
1 individual petition (Dorothy Hughes, a widow and the prisoner’s mother) and 1 collective petition (2 people, from London including the prosecutrix) on behalf of Richard Hughes, assistant to his mother (a dealer in charcoal), convicted at the Old Bailey on 29 October 1823, for a felony (stealing from the person) against Margaret Jordan. Grounds for clemency: youth, led astray by bad company, mother is suffering (on account of the sentence) from her advanced years and lack of her son’s assistance in her business and this will probably lead to her death. Initial sentence: transportation for life. Annotated: ‘refused. 5 Dec 1823’. AK 2.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 9th June, 2020 made the following changes: