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George Hyser

George Hyser, one of 1063 convicts transported on the Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, December 1789

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: George Hyser
Aliases: Hyson, Hysom
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1759
Occupation: Dealer
Date of Death: 4th December, 1823
Age: 64 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize
Departure date: December, 1789
Arrival date: 26th June, 1790
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 1072 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 42 SRNSW: NRS2700, [5/1147B], Court of Criminal Jurisdiction, Minutes of proceedings, 1788-1815, pp. 87-90, R2391. Norfolk Island Muster 1805, 1806. NSWSR Conditional Pardons 1815 Tas BDMs 1823 (Deaths) - RGD 34/1/1 no 758 Secondary source: Reg Wright  "The Forgotten Generation of Norfolk Island & Van Diemen's Land", Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1986
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 6th July, 2014 wrote:

Old Bailey 23rd May 1787 – Highway Robbery and Violent Theft.

GEORGE HYSER and GEORGE ELLISON were indicted for feloniously assaulting Richard Burrell on the King’s highway, on the 10th day of May, and putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life; and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, four shillings in monies numbered, his property. – Death sentence

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material, George Hyser, 9th September 1789.

George Hyser . I return his majesty many thanks, but as I must leave my native country for a thing I am innocent of, I should rather have my former sentence, if I may have a proper time to make my peace with my Maker.
Court. I cannot conceive you can aggravate your offences before God more, than by this refusal; I give you notice, that you will be immediately ordered for execution; and you may be considered as committing murder upon yourself; if you chuse to appear in the face of Almighty God in such a situation, you must take the consequence; expecting to remain a very short time here, and to be in perpetual torment hereafter; now judge for yourself.
Prisoner. I hope you will give me proper time to make my peace with my maker.
Court. It is not in the power of the Court; you had better be advised; I can give you no time; you must now decide your fate for ever? - I will not accept it.
Court. Take him to a condemned cell immediately.

HYSER, George. Per “Scarborough”, 1790
1813 Feb: On list of convicts to receive conditional pardons or emancipations at the Derwent.

25/1/1813: CP

Robin Sharkey on 19th January, 2018 wrote:

George Hyson was charged with buggery on a dog in a house at Cockle Bay that was being used as a stable. The evidence was James Ormond, labourer, who took care of the goats of Mr Devine and who said he heard a noise from the houe, went to investigate and claims ot have seen Hyson in a corner of the house, in the act. The constable, Henry Kable, said he didn’t know of any slight between Hyson and Ormond (i.e. so as to cause doubt about Ormond’s testimony). [Court of Criminal Jurisdiction, Minutes of Sydney Proceedings, 23 Apr 1796]

The court – which was at that time all officers of the NSW Corps – must have been reluctant to find him guilty of this on the evidence of only one person. So they found him guilty of an assault with an intent to commit.

He was ordered to stand three times in the pillory on three Provision Days – & to stand an hour each Time. To stand the first time on Saturday 30th April opposite the Provision Store at Sydney from nine to ten o’clock.. Provision days would be the most humiliating time because this was when people could collect the goods they had been ordered with from government, so there would be more people about.

1801
Sent to Norfolk Island
When?  According to the Wright book, he arrived on Norfolk Island before January 1802, the date of arrival at NI deduced from his position in the 1804 and 1805 musters,
See - Reg Wright  “The Forgotten Generation of Norfolk Island & Van Diemen’s Land”, Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1986, Chapter.- Population Records 1788-1814.

1805 at Norfolk Island
George Hyson, Overseer Charcoal, Norfolk Island [NI AUS], Class: Male Convicts, Victualling:

1807-8
Forwarded to Tasmania on the evacuation of all Norfolk Island Convicts in 1807-1808.
Departed Norfolk Island on ‘Porpoise’ 26 December 1807. According to Wright (above), Hyser is named in the Victualling list but not on the passenger list itself. 
1808 - Arrived Tasmania on ‘Porpoise’ 17 January 1808.

1811- at Tasmania (1811 N.I and VDL muster)

Conditional Pardon January 1813 – George HYSER - dated 25 Jan 1813; Tried: London 09 Sep 1789, Sentence: Life; Ship arrived by: Scarborough 1790. 
February 1813 - On list of convicts to receive conditional pardons or emancipations at the Derwent

Tasmania 1815: Lists of signatories in Hobart and outside Hobart supporting the establishment of a Criminal Court at Hobart. - George Hyson, Free, Hobart residence, Present at the meeting. [ TNA Colonial Office correspondence, 1815 Jan - Jun, ref CO 201/78 pp 106-113 AJCP reel 36.]

1818 Tasmanian General muster – George Hyser, Arrived per ship Scarborough 2, Current Status: Free. Off stores. Tried London 1789, Life.

1822 Tasmanian muster free men and women – George Hyser, Arrived per ship Scarborough 2, Current Status: Conditional Pardon. Tried London 1789, Life.

Death at Hobart, 4th December 1823. Aged 64
Buried 6 December 1823.
This incorrectly records his arrival ship as “Calcutta”
RGD 34/1/1 no 758

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 6th July, 2014 made the following changes:

gender: m, occupation, crime

Robin Sharkey on 19th January, 2018 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 42 SRNSW: NRS2700, [5/1147B], Court of Criminal Jurisdiction, Minutes of proceedings, 1788-1815, pp. 87-90, R2391. Norfolk Island Muster 1805, 1806.

Robin Sharkey on 19th January, 2018 made the following changes:

alias1: Hyson, alias2: Hysom

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