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Cashmore Israel

Cashmore Israel, one of 170 convicts transported on the Glory, May 1818

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Cashmore Israel
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1799
Occupation: Confectioner
Date of Death: 29th May, 1872
Age: 73 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Theft of jewlery
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Glory
Departure date: May, 1818
Arrival date: 14th September, 1818
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 169 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 34
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

ElizabethSt on 16th May, 2019 wrote:

Cashmore ISRAEL was 18 years old when he was arrested on 12th November, 1817 in the parish of St Botolph Without Aldgate, London, England. He had stolen several items of jewellery and a two rolls of fabric from his father Isaiah, who was a general dealer in Cutler Street, Houndsditch, Middlesex, England.  In desperation, Isaiah notified the police of this theft, as Cashmore had been in trouble since the age of 11 years [1]. Family hearsay mentions that he had been expelled from his large family and lived on the streets at an early age.
On 3rd December 1817, Cashmore was found “Guilty” at the Old Bailey, London and sentenced to Death [2].He was Recommended to Mercy. His sentence was commuted to Life imprisonment. Three months after his arrest, Cashmore was transferred from Newgate Prison, London to the Prison Hulk Bellerophon, which was moored on the Thames at Woolwich, East London. He was awaiting transportation for Life on the Ship Glory to New South Wales, Australia [3]. In May of that year, he finally sailed for these new shores, where he would spend the rest of his life.
The Glory sailed into Sydney Harbour in September 1818 where convicts disembarked and were forwarded to Parramatta, Windsor, Liverpool and Bringelly for distribution [4].  Six months later, for reasons unknown, Cashmore embarked on the Prince Leopold transport for public service in Van Diemands Land [5]. There he laboured as a prisoner of the Crown for eighteen years.
Cashmore’s Conduct Record provides a great deal of information about his offenses. The first three years in Van Diemands Land appear to be trouble free. His first recorded offence was in 1822, where he was bought before the Magistrates Bench. This was for “Neglect of Duty”, which resulted in labour in irons in the chain gang for one month.  Four years later, he “Absented Himself from Work” - punishment to sleep in the Watch House after sunset for one month and a year later he was charged again with “Neglect of Duty”, but this time only received confinement overnight in the Watch House for a fortnight. His next offense three months later for being “Absent as a Watchman” resulted in a harsher sentence, this time to work a fortnight in the Chain Gang [6].
Both the ticket-of-leave and the conditional pardon were ‘indulgences’, rewards for good behaviour. In 1832, he was given his Ticket of Leave (ToL) and several months later, tried to abscond home on the barque Augusta but was found as a stowaway and had his ToL removed. On 15th January 1835, he was reissued his ToL, with residential conditions. He was given a Conditional Pardon in 1837 and finally a Full Pardon four years later in 1841, thus completing his sentence [7].
Cashmore anglicised his first name to John and remained in Launceston, Tasmania the rest of his life. In 1844, he married Adelaide Cook, an orphan whose convict mother died seventeen years earlier on her transportation to New South Wales. They had a family of five sons and four daughters.  He subsequently followed his own father’s trades of baker, confectioner, jeweller and pawnbroker. By the 1850s he was a man of property. His son John went on to become Australia’s first Commonwealth Auditor-General!
His obituary in the Cornwell Chronicle described John Cashmore Israel as a man to be respected, having lived in the Colony for 53 years, who had authority in courts of law in cases of disputed claims to town allotments and disputed boundaries. It mentioned that he “was another of those men who are so rapidly passing away with valuable historical facts in their possession connected with the early days of Port Dalrymple settlement, and the rise and progress of Launceston”. 

[1]. Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2, 13 June 2016), December 1817, trial of CASHMORE ISRAEL (t18171203-101).
[2]. Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2, 13 June 2016), December 1817, trial of CASHMORE ISRAEL (t18171203-101).
[3]. UK Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802 -1849 (http://www.ancestry.com)
[4]. Colonial Secretary Index, 1788 – 1825 (Reel 6006; 4/3499 pp. 57-9). (http://www.ancestry.com.au)
[5]. Colonial Secretary Index, 1788 – 1825 (Reel 6006; 4/3500 pp.27) (http://www.ancestry.com)
[6]. CON31/1/23 p.4. – reference correctly
[7]. CON31/1/23 p.4 – reference correctly
This biography was written by myself.

[10]. The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston, Tasmania 1835 – 1880) Friday 31st May 1872 p.2

D Wong on 16th May, 2019 wrote:

29/5/1872: John Cashmore Israel died of ‘Apoplexy’, at Launceston, aged 75, and listed as a Commission Agent.

Roger Churm on 16th May, 2019 wrote:

Old Bailey Proceedings December 1817
Cashmore Israel,Theft from a specified place.3rd December 1817.

98.Cashmore Israel,was indicted for stealing,on the 11th of November,at the parish of St Dotolph Without,Aldgate,one necklace,value 21.10s;one pair of bracelets,value 11.10s;three broaches,value 31;one pair of earings,value 11s;four yards of cotton value 5s;eight yards of poplin value 16s;two rings value 5s;and two other broaches,value 3s,the goods of Isaiah Israel.,in his dwelling house.

Isaiah Israel.I attend auctions,and am a general dealer.I live at Cutler street,Houndsditch-I keep the house myself,and have a wife and ten children.I am the unfortunate father of the prisoner.Nothing better the greatest necessity could induce me to come forward to prosecute him.On the 11th of November a stranger came to my house to enquire for a person;he went out leaving the street door open it was about eight o’clock my daughter well up stairs to fetch something,and found the street door open;she came down,and said she suspected that a person was hid in the room behind the bed,as she had seen the curtains move.Two young men,who were in the house,went up,but could find nothing,and concluded that it must have been the wind,as the windows were open,I went all over the house,but could find no person -we were all satisfied,and went to bed.Next morning,my daughter went up to the same room for two pieces of poplin and a piece of cotton,and missed them,and two rings from the table,I went up with my wife,and missed the articles stated in the indictment .I suspected t son and got an officer to look for him but could not find him.We got information,and went to a room between ten and eleven at night,and found him in bed with another young man in a room- we charged him with robbery,and desired him to get up.Hickham the officer,found two duplicates in the room,one of which related to the pearl necklace,and the other to the eight yards of poplin.

Benjamin Brown.I am a shopman to Alexander Purse,who is a pawnbroker,and lives at London wall.On the 12th of November,the prisoner came to our house,and brought a pearl necklace,a pair of bracelets,a pair of earings,and three broaches,which he pledged for 31.I asked him if they were his own?he said they belonged to a person whom he knew very well-He said they belonged to Mr George Lyons of Cutler street.I asked him why he did not bring the case with him?he said it was broken,and they would not be left above a day or two with us,and would not hurt.Next morning a person came and claimed them.I am quite certain the prisoner is the person.

George Soward.I am a shopman to Mr Sadler,who is a pawnbroker,and lives in Bishopsgate street,Without.On the 12th of November,a young man pledged eight yards of poplin with me for 8s-it was not the prisoner.

Richard Thornton Perkins.I am a pawnbroker,and live in Bishopsgate street.I have a piece of cotton,which was pledged on the 12th of November,about twelve o’clock,in the name of Davis I do not know who pledged it-it was not the prisoner.

Thomas Norman Hackham.I am an officer.on the 12th of November Mr Israel came to the watch-house.I went with him to the room,where the prisoner was in bed sleeping.On searching him,I found two gold ear-rings,two black broaches,and two duplicates,one of which related to the cotton pledged at Perkins,for 3s ,and the other to the necklace at Purse’s,for 3s.

Prisoner.Q.Will you swear you did not find them at the watch-house.A.I took them out of a saucepan in the room.

(Property produced and sworn to)

Prisoner’s Defence.The pawnbroker says another person came and claimed the pearls.I am destitute of friends and every thing else.My father cannot swear to the property,or to the time of it being in the house.My chart,I know,will not bear the strictest investigation.

Benjamin Brown.A friend of the prosecutor came and said they were the prosecutor’s.

Isaiah Israel-I can swear they were in the house the morning before.

GUILTY-DEATH.Aged 18

Recommended to Mercy.

London Jury,before Mr.Recorder.

Convict Changes History

Roger Churm on 2nd May, 2019 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1799 (prev. 0000), crime

ElizabethSt on 16th May, 2019 made the following changes:

gender: m, occupation

D Wong on 16th May, 2019 made the following changes:

date of death: 29th May, 1872 (prev. 0000)

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