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John Jennings, one of 133 convicts transported on the Eleanor, 15 February 1831
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 54 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 20. Convict Annotated Printed Indentures 1831.
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Wendy Smith on 5th November, 2019 wrote:
The Convict Annotated Indentures for the Eleanor state that all the convicts on board were transported for machine breaking except for Thomas Davis (Warehouse breaking); George Smets (or Smits) (Receiving stolen iron) and Pierre Tuite or Pierce Tait (for embezzlement). The last three convicts were convicted at Graham’s Town on Cape of Good Hope. They joined the ship at Cape of Good Hope.
Maureen Withey on 9th November, 2019 wrote:
John Jennings was convicted at the Wiltshire Special Commission, which was set up during January 1831, to deal swiftly with those agricultural workers who were arrested after the “Swing Riots”. During November and early December 1830, large crowds of impoverished agricultural workers gathered at night to break threshing-machines, which they saw as taking away their already, very low paid work, reduced further because the land owners were reducing the wages of the men due to decreases in the value of the corn they were producing. They demanded token sums of one or two sovereigns of the landowners if they left the farms.
Henry Shergold, aged 30; George Shergold, 25; James Down, 17; James Cole, 18; Wm. Lewis, 30; T. Whatley, 17; John Jennings, 18; Wm. Jacobs, 31; and Wm. Francis, 21; stood indicted for having feloniously destroyed a mill, engines, and machinery therein, the property of John Brasher, in the parish of Wilton, on the 25th November.
The Attorney-General stated the case as detailed by the witnesses.
Samuel Brasher proved that his father occupied Crow-lane mill, where woollen cloth was manufactured; on the 24th of November 500 men came to it, amongst whom were all the prisoners, armed with different weapons; the amount of the damage done by them to the mill was £500.
Henry Jones, Charles Vining, and George Brasher, having fully made out this evidence, the prisoners were called on for their defence.
Jennings, G. Shergold, and H. Shergold, said that the witnesses has sworn falsely.
The other prisoners said they were pressed by the mob.
The case was not pressed against Jacobs, as it was fully ascertained he had been forced to go, by threats of their throwing him in the river.
The prisoners, Down, Francis, Lewis, having received very excellent characters, Mr Justice Alderson summed up. The following verdicts were given in:
John Jennings, Guilty; Geo. Shergold, Guilty; Henry Shergold, Guilty; Thomas Whatley, Guilty; James Down, Guilty; Isaac Cole, Guilty; Wm. Francis, Guilty; Wm Lewis, Guilty; and Wm. Jacobs, Not Guilty.
The Jury recommended Wm. Lewis to mercy.”
Morning Chronicle, 5 Jan 1831.
Convict Changes History
Wendy Smith on 5th November, 2019 made the following changes:
source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 20. Convict Annotated Printed Indentures 1831. (prev. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number