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John Kent

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Kent
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1793
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 25th November, 1823
Age: 30 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 51 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: -
Convicted at: Ireland. Cork
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Isabella
Departure date: August, 1823
Arrival date: 16th December, 1823
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 85 other convicts


Primary source: ADM 101/36/3 . Medical and surgical journal of the Isabella Convict Ship. Irish Convict Database, by Peter Mayberry.
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Maureen Withey on 10th November, 2020 wrote:

Irish Convict Database, by Peter Mayberry.
John Kent, per Isabella I (1823), Tried at Cork Co., 1823, 7 years,  Died at sea, of scurvy, 1823.
ADM 101/36/3 .    Medical and surgical journal of the Isabella Convict Ship, for the 4 July to 24 December 1823 by Mr William Rae, Surgeon and Superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in a voyage to Port Jackson, New South Wales.

Folios 11-12: John Kent, aged 30, Convict; disease or hurt, scurvy, sallow countenance, somewhat bloated, gums dark, spongy and bleed upon pressure, breath fetid and knees discoloured and covered with spots like flea bites. Put on sick list, 15 September 1823. Died, 25 November 1823. Described as of a weak, indolent and dirty habit, had been convalescent from fever but from filthiness, want of spirit and exertion had not recovered as fast as others. Three other cases died but this was the worst, the scorbutic diathesis being more exaggerated.

Folios 13-15: Observations. Comments on the poor state of the convicts when embarked from the Surprise Hulk at Cove of Cork. One man having only a blanket for clothing and another only one leg to his trousers. The state of their clothing and the severity of the weather giving rise to a number of catarrhal complaints. Wine was issued very early in the voyage to lift their spirits. Fever soon appeared and some prisoners had suffered before joining the hulk. The cause must have been either latent in their systems or attached to the clothing they were supplied on leaving the hulk. Amongst other possible causes is the ‘system of terror, robbery and plunder’ that a gang had practiced on board the hulk and the plans of that gang to seize the ship, murdering anyone who stood in their way. The treatment of the fever is discussed along with methods of isolating the sufferers and fumigating their clothing in a barrel modified for the purpose. At the first opportunity, 4th October, the hospital was emptied and entirely cleaned and fumigated with nitre, sulphur and gunpowder. About this time the plan to mutiny and seize the ship was discovered and most of the convicts were replaced in irons and their liberty on deck curtailed. Just before this incident scurvy had appeared. The Surgeon’s method of treatment is described in the case of John Kent. It’s early appearance may be attributable to the prisoners having been previously in crowded conditions for some time in the hulk. After the lemon juice was used up, oatmeal pottage and porter proved very beneficial. It was decided it was unnecessary to touch at the Cape of Good Hope to pick up fresh provisions because there were enough provisions remaining and also to land the prisoners as soon as possible. The provisions supplied are sufficient for a healthy ship but in the case of sickness, some of the medical items are not in sufficient quantity. The salted meat and flour they were given was of very poor quality. Oatmeal pottage with sugar molasses was a very nutritious substitute. Potatoes could also be kept if supplied in baskets and occasionally aired upon deck. Beer would be more nutritious and antiseptic than the wine currently supplied. Signed, William Rea, Surgeon Superintendent of the Isabella To, The Commissioners for Victualling His Majesty’s Navy etc.

Convict Changes History

Maureen Withey on 10th November, 2020 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: ADM 101/36/3 . Medical and surgical journal of the Isabella Convict Ship. Irish Convict Database, by Peter Mayberry. (prev. ), firstname: John, surname: Kent, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date o

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