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Thomas King

Thomas King, one of 200 convicts transported on the Indian, July 1810

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas King
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1780
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 1866
Age: 86 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 55 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Indian
Departure date: July, 1810
Arrival date: 16th December, 1810
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 200 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 16, Old Bailey on line.
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 10th July, 2011 wrote:

Ticket of Leave 1819

Phil Hands on 28th March, 2017 wrote:

Tried and convicted at the Old Bailey on 1st June 1808 for making an assault in the King’s highway, upon Robert Wortley , on the 9th of April , putting him in fear, and taking from his person and against his will a silver watch, value 2 l. a seal, value 6 d. and a metal key, value 1 d. his property, sentenced to death, this was later commuted to transporation for life.
Left England on 18th July 1810.
Ship:- the ‘Indian’ sailed with 200 male convicts on board of which 8 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 16th December 1810.

Thomas lived with and then married Mary Lamb (nee Dowling, she arrived aboard the ship Pitt on 14th February 1792 as the foster child of Hannah Singleton, her parents are uknown) on 27th September 1849, they had 9 children between 1813-1830.

Marriage Certificate 1232 Vol 73B
I William Ritchie of Sydney, acting minister of the Scots Church do hereby certify that Thomas King bachelor, now or lately of Bong Bong near Berrima, and Mary Dolan, widow, now or lately of the same place, were joined together in wedlock by me on the 27th September 1849 at Sydney in the presence of Edward Robertson and Catharine Robertson, both of Sydney.

Old Bailey Trial Transcription.
Reference Number: t18080601-41

405.  THOMAS KING was indicted for feloniously making an assault in the King’s highway, upon Robert Wortley , on the 9th of April , putting him in fear, and taking from his person and against his will a silver watch, value 2 l. a seal, value 6 d. and a metal key, value 1 d. his property.

ROBERT WORTLEY . On the 8th of April, I went away from home at four o’clock to pay some money; I paid fifty pounds; after that called upon a friend of mine; it rained very hard the forepart of the night.

Q. It was a rainy night and you staid with your friend - A. Yes, at his own house, up by the Horns at Kennington.
Q. What time did you leave his house - A. I cannot very well say, I suppose about twelve o’clock.
Q. Had the weather cleared up about that time - A. It was a very fine morning about that time.
Q. Had you been drinking with your friend - A. Yes and I smoked a pipe along with him; I was not the worse for liquor; I cannot say I had not been drinking liquor because I had; I was not tipsey.
Q. Probably you were a little forward in liquor - A. No.
Q. You were a little fresh - you was in a different state to what you was in the morning - A. Yes.
Q. Do you recollect at all how much you drank - A. No.
Q. What did you drink - A. Some ale, and a glass of wine and water.
Q. Now, you say you set off at twelve o’clock at night to go home from Kennigton - A. Yes, to go home to Bromptom; going home this young man overtook me near by the Asylum, Westminster bridge; he walked and talked with me; there were nobody about at all till we came past the opera house in the Haymarket .
Q. What o’clock might it then be - A. I suppose it might be about one o’clock.
Q. What business do you follow - A. A master baker ; then there I received a blow in my neck, in my throat, by the side of my neck.
Q. Who gave you the blow - A. The prisoner at the bar; I saw the stick coming to my throat, which made me scringe from it; he was behind me when he struck me; he thrust the stick forwards.
Q. Was there any body in sight, near you but him - A. Nobody.
Q. You knew it was the prisoner - A. Yes.
Q. Did you know it was the prisoner at the time - A. Yes.
Q. At the time that you coversed with him did you take such notice of his person - could you swear to his countenance from what you saw of him before he was apprehended - A. Yes; I told the watchman what kind of a man he was, and what kind of a stick it was, before I saw him.
Q. What sort of a night was it - A. It was light.
Q. Not moon light. - A. I cannot possibly say whether it was moon light or not.
Q. Was it a star light night - A. Yes, light enough to see any body.
Q. When he struck you or pushed you in the way you have described, was it a violent push - A. Yes, and it staggered me and I lost sight of him.
Q. When it staggered you what did you feel - A. I felt my watch go.
Q. Did he take it from you as you was staggering - A. Yes.
Q. When he drew the watch out what did he do - A. He ran away, and I ran after him; I ran the other side of the street and called out stop thief.
Q. Did he cross to the other side of the way - A. I do not know which way he run; he ran up the Haymarket, I called stop thief; the watch took him; I thought he would run to Whitcomb street when I found I was robbed so, I run to the other side of the way.
Q. Then I understand you for a while you lost sight of him - A. Yes, for a while, till I saw him in the watch-house.
Q. You did not see him apprehended then - A. No.
Q. You saw him at the watchhouse - A. Yes; this watchman came and asked me if I was the person that was robbed.

Mr. Andrews. You are not to say what the watchman said to you.
Court. A watchman came up to you - A. Yes.
Q. How long after you was robbed - A. About four or five minutes; he asked me what sort of a man he was that robbed me; I described the man to him; he said we have got a man in St. James’s watchhouse, we have no charge against him.
Q. Did you go with him to the watchhouse - A. Yes.
Q. Did you see the prisoner there - A. Yes.
Q. When you saw the prisoner did you know him to be the same man that had walked with you midway from Kennington to the Haymarket - A. Yes.
Q. You knew the prisoner to be the man - A. Yes.
Q. Had you any doubt about it - A. No.
Q. Did you ever get the watch again - A. The watchman found the watch; he threw it away.
Q. How did you come by that stick - A. The watchman took it from him.
Q. Can you take upon you to swear, before you received that blow or push, that the prisoner had such a stick as that. - A. Yes.
Q. Had you noticed the stick - A. Yes, I had noticed the stick.

Cross-examined by Mr. Andrews. You had been drinking with your friend - A. Yes.
Q. What time was it when you set out from this house - A. I suppose about twelve o’clock.
Q. Did you dine with your friend - A. No.
Q. You drank beer and wine and water - A. Yes.
Q. You was not sober - A. I was not drunk.
Q. Was you sober enough to know what you were about - A. Yes.
Q. You mean to swear that - A. Yes.
Q. How soon did you arrive at your friend’s house - A. I cannot tell exactly; I left my house at four o’clock.
Q. How long is this ago - A. The 8th of April.
Q. That is lately enough to recollect the circumstance; I want to know what time did you arrive at your friend’s house at Kennington - A. Perhaps six or seven o’clock.
Q. Was you drinking at your friend’s all the time till twelve o’clock - A. It rained very heavy, I could not get a coach.
Q. Were you drinking all that time - A. I was, and talking.
Q. How much did you drink in the course of that time - A. I cannot tell you I am sure.
Q. The prisoner met you at the Asylum - A. Yes.
Q. And walked with you over the bridge to the Haymarket - A. Yes.
Q. It was not a very light night - A. It was a light night, a star light night.
Q. When you came to the opera house you received a blow - A. It was a little higher up.
Q. The blow came from behind you - A. Yes.
Q. I want to know, as you describe the blow was given behind you, how you could see it coming - A. I saw the blow coming, though I did not expect it.
Q Had you known the prisoner before - A. I never saw him before to my knowledge.
Q. Yet you take upon you to be very certain as to his person - A. I am certain to his person.
Q.Nothwithstanding you had been drinking.

ALEXANDER MACKEY . I was watchman then, in the Haymarket on St. Martin’s side.
Q. You are an old soldier, are not you - A. Yes; I got in the house last Monday.
Q. Do you remember on that morning the cry of stop thief - A. Yes.
Q. What time in the morning do you think it was - A. Nigh two o’clock, I heard him cry stop him, he has run away with my watch; I saw a man run across the Haymarket towards St. James’ street; I ran to stop him, he turned the post and ran into Oxendon street, I ran after him.
Q. Did you ever lose sight of him - A. Never; he crossed Panton street and came into the Haymarket again; here I took him. I took him to St. James’ watch-houses because I caught him in St. Jame’s.
Q. Did you overtake him - A. Yes, and took him to the watchhouse; I had another watchman with me.
Q. Another watchman came up in the way, he was running - A. Yes, and he was stopped between us both.
Q. Did you call out - A. Yes, I called out stop thief, and another watchman coming up a contrary way, the prisoner stopped.
Q. Before you took the prisoner did you see him do any thing - A. No, he made no resistance.
Q. I suppose your companion seized him as well as yourself - A. Yes, he took hold of his arm, and I took him to St. James’
Q. Did you search him - A. Yes, in the watchhouse; I found nothing upon him he; had the stick with him; we took it from him when we took him to the watch-house.
Q. You found the watch did not you - A. Yes; I went out to look for the prosecutor, I brought him into the watchhouse; he swore to the man and the stick; I went and searched the track in which I had followed him, as the man said he had been robbed of a watch; I thought he might have throwed it away; in Oxendon-street I found the watch upon the pavement.
Q. Are you sure that it was in the track that you and the prisoner ran. - A. Yes, I am sure of that; I noticed the track, I made several blows at him to try to knock him down.
Q. You carried the watch to the watchhouse did you - A. Yes.
Q. Did you shew it to the prosecutor - A. I did; the prosecutor swore it was his watch; he said his own name was in the watch; this is the watch, I have had in my possession ever since.
Q. Did you perceive whether the prosecutor was in liquor - A. He had been drinking for certain, but he was more in a passion with the man, than he was affected by drink.
Q. Did he appear to you to be a man that was so drunk that he did not know what he was about - A. Far from that; he was capable of any business whatever.
Q. You should have thought that he was capable of any thing - A. Yes.
Cross examined by Mr. Andrews. You searched the prisoner at the watchhouse - A. Yes.
Q. You found nothing upon him - A. Nothing.

Court to prosecutor. Look at that watch and seal - A. That is my watch it has my name upon it; I am confident of it being my watch; I had it in my pocket before I felt the blow, and I felt it go.

Prisoner’s Defence. I was going along the Haymarket towards St. James’ street; the prosecutor ran away from me, the watchman attempted to stop me, and I was taken to the watchhouse; the prosecutor came in the watchhouse soon after I was taken in, he said I had robbed him of his watch; I denied the charge; a watchman came in soon after and said he had found the watch.

The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY - DEATH , aged 22.

[The prisoner was recommended to his Majesty’s mercy by the jury, on account of his former good character.]

Second Middlesex jury, before Mr.  Baron Graham

Convict Changes History

Phil Hands on 28th March, 2017 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 16, Old Bailey on line. (prev. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 16), date of birth: 1780

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au