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James Leavers

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Leavers
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1772
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 1829
Age: 57 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Theft
Convicted at: Old Bailey
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Glatton
Departure date: September, 1802
Arrival date: 11th March, 1803
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 401 other convicts


Primary source: Old Bailey on line. Convict ships to NSW
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Phil Hands on 1st April, 2017 wrote:

Tried and convicted at the Old Bailey on 20th May 1801 for stealing two washing-tubs, value 10s. the property of Richard Spearing, sentenced to transportation for 7 years.
Left England on 23rd September 1802.
Ship:- the ‘Glatton’ sailed with 271 male and 130 female convicts on board of which 9 males and 5 females died during the voyage.
Arrived on 11th March 1803.

Married Esther Byrne (daughter of convicts James Byrne, ‘Providence I’ 1811 & Eleanor Neil, also ‘Providence I’ 1811) on 14th February 1820 at Parramatta, they had 5 children before James died on 11th May 1829 at Penrith, Greater Sydney.

Old Bailey Trial Transcription.
Reference Number: t18010520-24

462. JAMES LAVIS and WILLIAM SIMMONS were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 22d of April , two washing-tubs, value 10s. the property of Richard Spearing .
RICHARD SPEARING sworn. - I am a cooper : On the 22d of April I missed two washing-tubs out of my shop; I saw the prisoner, Simmons, three or four times walking by my kitchen, the tubs were then in the shop; I went out for a walk, and when I came back I missed the tubs; I saw Ray running, and he gave me information of them.
JOHN RAY sworn. - On Wednesday the 22d of April, I was standing at the Office door in Worship-street , about sixty yards from the prosecutor’s house, I observed Lavis with two washing-tubs on his shoulder, and Simmons close to him; they turned down a gate-way very nearly opposite the Office; I saw the tall man, Simmons, come once or twice and peep out at the gate-way, and I suspected they were not honestly come by; I walked gently down to Mr. Spearing’s shop, and he was just then coming by the door; I asked him if he had lost any thing; he told me he had lost two tubs; I then saw the men turn down Long-alley, and I immediately pursued them; they turned up a place called Devonshire-buildings, they were walkings as fast as they could walk; knowing the out-let of the court, I took down another court and met them, Lavis had then shifted them from his shoulder to Simmons’s; I immediately collared Simmons, and he threw down the tubs; I went to lay hold of the other with my other hand, and he turned about and run down Long-alley; Armstrong then came up, and I delivered Simmons to him while I pursued Lavis; I followed him two or three hundred yards, and then I took him.
JOHN ARMSTRONG sworn. - I had Simmons in custody from Ray; a boy picked up the tubs; and I made him carry them before me to the Office.
Ray. These are the same tubs.
Spearing. These are my tubs, I should know them from five hundred.
Lavis’s defence. A man with a leather apron on asked me to carry these two tubs to No. 1, in Long-alley.
Simmons’s defence. Lavis asked me to take them a bit, from his shoulder, when these gentlemen came up.
Lavis, GUILTY , aged 29.
Simmons, GUILTY , aged 30.
Transported for seven years .
Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.

Convict Changes History

Phil Hands on 1st April, 2017 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: Old Bailey on line. Convict ships to NSW (prev. ), firstname: James, surname: Leavers, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 1772, date of death: 1829, gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au