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John Ledwards

John Ledwards, one of 270 convicts transported on the Bengal Merchant, 24 March 1838

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Ledwards
Aliases: Lankey
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Lancaster Quarter Session
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Bengal Merchant
Departure date: 24th March, 1838
Arrival date: 21st July, 1838
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 270 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 90, Class and Piece Number HO11/11, Page Number 219 (111)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 14th October, 2012 wrote:

John Ledwards was about 21 years old when transported for stealing shoes.  His native place was Lancashire, and his occupation a Watch Balance Maker.

27/2/1847: TOL Maitland
3/3/1847: TOL Passport, on the recommendation of the Maitland Bench.
15/7/1848: TOL Passport, on the recommendation of the Maitland Bench.

Empire, Tuesday 5 May 1857.
(From the Mudgee Newspaper)

D Wong on 14th October, 2012 wrote:

On Wednesday night some of the residents at Long Creek were awoke from their slumbers by the cries of a man denouncing himself as a murder.  Some thinking it was merely the ravings of a drunken digger, paid no heed to it.  Eventually he reached Mr. Foster’s, of the Spread Eagle, and called them up acknowledging to have killed 3 men.  Foster having left the man in charge of his eldest son, started off in company with his other sons and lodgers to the place named - Mr R Crossing’s sheep station at the head of the Devil’s Creek Hole, - It being now about two o’clock, a.m. Having provided themselves with lights, they commenced their search, and to their horror found the mangled body of a man, with his head nearly severed from his body, his face literally cut in two, with three other cuts in different parts of the head, lying in a pool of blood.  They proceeded to Avisford to give information to the police magistrate.

On Friday the coroner Mr Miller opened the inquiry and from the evidence given, it appears that the prisoner George Roberts, alias Yankee George, was working with the deceased, George Mills, as mates, gold mining.  Mills had been to the Devil’s Hole with the dray to pick up supplies.  On his return in the evening, in company with John Ledwards, alias Lankey, both the worse for liquor, they had supper and began to drink again.  The prisoner began to quarrel with his wife so Lankey, not wishing to remain where there was quarrelling left the hut, but was immediately in a struggle with Roberts, when they saw Mills a short distance from the hut.  This was the last time he was seen alive.

The prisoner was fully committed to take his trial at the next Bathurst circuit court.

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 14th October, 2012 made the following changes:

alias1, gender, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au