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William Lemon

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Lemon
Aliases: Lemont
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1792
Occupation: Weaver
Date of Death: 3rd July, 1876
Age: 84 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Passing forged notes
Convicted at: Downpatrick/County Down/Meath
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Southworth
Departure date: 18th November, 1821
Arrival date: 9th March, 1822
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 99 other convicts


Primary source: FindAGrave. http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/cgi-bin/irish/irish.cgi
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Robert on 26th August, 2012 wrote:

Born abt 1792:.
William Lemont. Dob. Abt 1792, County Down, Northern Ireland.
Occupation: Muslin Weaver.

Parents: Father; William Lemont,
Mother; ????

9 July 1820 Criminal Offense: William Lemon and John Dorman were arrested for passing forged notes of the Commercial Bank of Belfast.

Transcript of unknown newspaper, on Court Case 1;

Downpatrick Assizes Co. Down 2 August 1820

William Lemon and John Dorman, for passing a forged note of the Commercial Bank of Belfast, at Killileagh on 9 July, with the intent to defraud Andrew Kingan.

Andrew Kinghan-keeps a shop in Killileagh-on 9th July the prisoners offered a note in payment for beer-the amount was 10d. or 1s-it was Robert Herbison offered the note.

Robert Herbison- Was in Andrew Kingan’s store in Killileagh 9th July- prisoners were there- never saw them before, but was sitting in their company, drinking beer- one of the men (Dorman), reached witness a note to get change from the landlord; he gave the note to the landlord.

Andrew Kinghan’s examination continued- The note produced is the one last witness gave- marked it with Dorman’s name- gave change of it Herbison. (Herbison here proved that he gave the change to Dorman.) Saw prisoners on the evening of the same day that he give them the change- at the time Dorman was taken prisoner he acknowledged the note he had given to the wife of the witness- he was detained in the witness’s house as a prisoner- prisoner Lemon did not do anything with the notes. Agnes Clarke was present when the notes were produced in witness’s house-  has the notes in his possession, but cannot point out the second note from others which were collected in witness’s house by James Hamilton and others, that had been passed in town by the prisoners, as he had not marked any notes but the one he gave change for.

[His Lordship animadverted (criticised) with such severity on the negligence of the Banks, in not attending to the necessary regularity of conducting prosecutions for forgeries; and said he could not help observing that they appeared to have some ulterior object in view by their neglect.  In neither of these cases were Counsel or Attorney employed for the prosecution].

James Hamilton- Prisoners were searched, but no bad notes were found.  Good notes were found in a pocket-book, and, with the consent of the prisoners, all the people who had got bad notes were paid with good notes.  The prisoners were told that it would be better for them to tell the truth.  They had 8l or 9l on them.  The pocket-book had been found on Dorman and some silver was found in his shoes.  Silver was found in Lemon’s pocket.  When James Hamilton was cross examined, he stated that he was not present when any of the notes were passed.

Philip Larkin (for the Defence) knows the prisoner was in Castlereagh Fair when Dorman got 30s notes and one pound note in payment of a mare from one Philip Downey.  Adam McClure was present and read the number of one of the notes.  He thinks it was 64,130.

Adam McClure was in Castlereagh Fair on 5 July where he saw the last witness, Philip Larkin, and the prisoners there on that day. Dorman and Lemon came into the room where the witness was drinking and they were examining notes that they got from a strange man. They were 30s notes. He (Adam McClure) had some of them through his own hands. There was 10l paid for a beast that was sold.

John Dorman Guilty.  William Lemon was Acquitted.

Transcript of unknown newspaper, on Court Case 2;

Downpatrick Assizes Co. Down 19 August 1820

William Lemon and John Dorman for uttering a forged note of the Belfast Commercial Bank, knowing it to be forged, with intent to defraud Robert Johnston; also for uttering the same with intent to defraud the Banking Company.

Robert Johnston- Saw the prisoners, on 9th July last- they came into the witness’s house, in Killileagh and got some refreshments- William Lemon gave the witness a 30s note to take the payment out of it- witness gave him the change in tenpennies- witness marked the note immediately- saw prisoner in custody afterwards- identifies the note. Cross examined- Is positive it was Lemon gave him the note-  Dorman gave witness a good note for it afterwards while Lemon was present- Hugh Hamilton was also present also- it was the same time that good notes were given to the other people.

John Black, from the Bank- proved the note to be a forgery.

Alexander Rogers- Knows William Lemon for some years; has had different dealings with him; considered him a man of good character, and has never heard anything against him.

William Lemon Guilty on the first indictment; John Dorman was Acquitted.

John Dorman, James McCracken, and William Lemon for passing forged notes were sentenced to be executed-Day not mentioned..

Prisoner Details
Native County
Muslin weaver
5’ 10¼"
Year of Trial
Date of Trial
Place of Trial
Charge Details
Uttering a forged note
Transported for life
Gaol Name
Down Gaol
Gaol Place

Both William Lemon’s and John Dorman’s death sentence was commuted to transportation for life., they were then moved from Downpatrick to Cork in the south of Ireland in preparation for their transportation.

SOUTHWORTH. 1821-1822
Master David Sampson. Surgeon Superintendent Joseph Cook.
The Guard consisted of a detachment of 3rd regiment, Sergeant Henry Foster, and Commanded by Lieut. Woods.
According to correspondence dated 27 November 1821, David Sampson applied to have his wife accompany him on this voyage….Chief Secretary’s Office Registered Papers, National Archives
One hundred and one convicts to be embarked on the Southworth arrived at the vessel from Cork at 3pm on the 24th October 1821. According to surgeon Joseph Cook, a number of them had been supplied with ardent spirits by their friends on the passage down and were in a state of intoxication. George Shine aged 22, had indulged to excess and died an hour after coming on board that day.
Although the convicts were boarded on the 24th October, the vessel did not depart until 18th November two weeks before the Isabella. They anchored at Santa Cruz, Teneriffe on 30th November where they procured water and fresh beef and vegetables, departing from there on 1st December 1821. On the 20th December they spoke the Arno on her voyage from from Buenos Aires to England
Both the Southworth and the Isabella arrived in Port Jackson on 9th March 1822. The Southworth brought 100 male prisoners and the voyage had taken 111 days. The Isabella brought 200 men.
This was Joseph Cook’s first voyage as Surgeon Superintendent of a convict ship. He kept a Medical and Surgical Journal from 18 September 1821 to 13 March 1822.
In April 1822 the Southworth departed Port Jackson in company with the Governor Philip and the Fanny intending to sail north via Torres Straight to Batavia. She arrived there by 31st May. 1822.
The “Southworth” Indent gives William’s description as follows: He was a Protestant, age thirty years, height five feet ten and a half inches, fair complexion, brown hair and grey eyes.

Convict Details
Place of Trial
Date of Trial
Aug 1820
Native County
Muslin weaver
Passing forged notes
Departure Date
Cork 18 Nov 1821
Arrival Date
9 Mar 1822
Married in Colony
Children in Colony
Jane & John (twins) (1836-1837); Ann 1837-1925; William 1840-1911; John James 1844-1924.
Date of Marriage in Colony
16 Aug 1835 at Campbelltown
Assigned to Work
John Thomas CAMPBELL at Sydney
Ticket to Leave
29/397 & 31/1076
Certificate of Freedom
147 on 1 Feb 1845
Parramatta, Airds, Campbelltown
Date of Death
3 Jul 1876 at Murrumburrah

Robert on 9th September, 2012 wrote:

From transcript of court case 19 August 1820, "SENTENCES PASSED AT DOWNPATRICK.
John Dorman, James McCracken, and William Lemon for passing forged notes were sentenced to be executed-Day not mentioned."
Which was later commuted to transportation for life.

Iris Dunne on 24th August, 2020 wrote:

FindAGrave Memorial No. 190771177

Convict Changes History

Robert on 9th September, 2012 made the following changes:

new convict, convicted at 1562, occupation 72, crime 37, firstname William, surname Lemon, alias1 Lemont

Robert on 26th August, 2012 made the following changes:

new convict, convicted at 1562, occupation 72, crime 37, firstname William, surname Lemon, alias1 Lemont, date of birth 1792-00-00, date of death 1876-07-03, gender m

D Wong on 2nd April, 2019 made the following changes:

term: 99 years, voyage, source: http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/cgi-bin/irish/irish.cgi (prev. )

Iris Dunne on 24th August, 2020 made the following changes:

source: FindAGrave. http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/cgi-bin/irish/irish.cgi (prev. http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/cgi-bin/irish/irish.cgi)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au