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William Long

William Long, one of 300 convicts transported on the Baring, April 1815

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Long
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1797
Occupation: Whitesmith
Date of Death: 18th October, 1876
Age: 79 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Grand larceny
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Baring
Departure date: April, 1815
Arrival date: 7th September, 1815
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 300 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 201 (102)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Heather Stevens on 22nd March, 2020 wrote:

Trial 15th September 1813 at the Old Bailey, Middlesex, England: Theft, grand larceny: WILLIAM LONG age 15, was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 15th of August , one hundred and seventy-six halfpence, value 7 s. 4 d. the property of Francis Roberts.  https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t18130915-82-defend806&div=t18130915-82#highlight

Arrival: 1815 on the ‘Baring’, age 17, occupation whitesmith, 5 feet 7½ inches (171 cms) tall, dark ruddy complexion, brown hair and brown eyes.

1816 and 1817 general musters: government labour

1818 December 8 On list of prisoners sent to Newcastle per “Elizabeth Henrietta”, listed as Lang ; also 1818 December 19 “Lady Nelson”; listed as Lang.

Tried at Court of Criminal Jurisdiction, on 22 June 1820. Reported in the Sydney Gazette 24 June 1820: ‘William Long, charged with stealing from the Lumber-yard, at Sydney, two iron wedges, the property of the Crown, was found Guilty, and sentenced six months to Newcastle’.

1822: William Long householder Cambridge street, with Jane Long 5 months (born colony), also Sarah St Leger, free by servitude, (Friends 7 years) ‘lodges at William Long Sydney.’

In the 1825 General Muster, he is listed as a blacksmith.

Marriage (1) 2 March 1827 St Johns C of E Church, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia both of Sydney. William Long bachelor, to Mary Walker widow, by licence. They both marked the register with a cross. Witnesses William and Ann Mobbs of Northern boundary.

His wife Mary’s deceased husband (Richard Walker) had a spirit license for the Saracen’s Head at the Rocks.

9 April 1827 The Sydney Gazette:
WILLIAM LONG, Saracen’s Head, Harrington-street, Rocks, has for SALE, Spirits and Wines of the best Quality, at the following reduced Prices:
Cognac Brandy, per Gallon.£1 1 0 Sterling.
Jamaica Rum, do. 0 14 0
White Wine, do. 0 4 0

1828 census: William Long age 36 Free by Servitude (Baring 1 1815 7 years) , with Mary Long age 45 (‘Aeolus’ 1808 7 years), together listed as ‘publican , Gloucester Sreet Sydney’; they have 60 head of horned cattle. Others living with them are: Richard Dearing 12, (born colony) lodger; James Stevens, 28 (Grenada 1821 FBS) servant; William Forman, 36 (Morley 1 1817 TofL) servant; James Phillips, 27 (Guildford 1821 FBS) labourer.

10 March 1829 Death of wife Mary. Death notice in The Sydney Gazette 12 March:
On Tuesday last, at her house, Gloucester-street, Rocks, Mrs. MARY LONG, wife of Mr. WILLIAM LONG.

Marriage (2) to Isabella Walford, 2 September 1829 at St James Church, Sydney by license: William Long age 30, widower of Sydney, a smith. Isabella is age 16, a spinster, of Sydney. Witnesses are James Wright and Mrs A Wright of George St Sydney. They all signed (William’s signature is shaky). Their marriage license was dated 31 August 1829.

The following comes from: NSW Office of Environment and Heritage: Tenements, pair three-storey brick (Longs Lane Terraces/Precinct)  140-142 Cumberland Street, The Rocks, NSW 2000 https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/heritageapp/ViewHeritageItemDetails.aspx?ID=5053216 

This property includes part of allotment 18 of section 74, along with 113-115 Gloucester Street, which was formally granted to William Long in 1839, legitimising his claim to ownership of the property. Previous to this, Long had assumed de-facto ownership of the western section of allotment 18, fronting Cumberland St, upon the passing of Mary, his wife of two years, in 1829. Mary had owned the property since the death of her former husband, Richard Walker in 1825.
A former convict, Long arrived in Sydney aboard the Baring in 1815, but by 1829 was a successful wine and spirits merchant as well as being licensee of pubs in Miller’s Point and Lower George Street. In June 1830, Long advised the Colonial Secretary of his plans for the land adjacent Long’s Lane: ‘On this allotment I intend to have erected within six months from the present date (most of the foundations being now laid) ‘ten handsome cottages the value of which when complete have seen estimates of £3000’. In the rate assessment book of 1845, this row is described as a group of eight brick single-storey tenements with shingle roofs, containing two rooms each.
Death William Long 18 Oct 1876 at his home ‘Tusculum’, Macleay Street, Potts Point.

Probate: His will written 7 February 1874: William Long of Tusculum, Macleay Street in the city of Sydney, Esquire, mentions brother Alexander Long, wife Isabella Long, son William Alexander Long, daughter Isabella Martin wife of Sir James Martin, daughter Ellen Dalley wife of William Bede Dalley daughter Selina Cheeke wife of George Ashwin Cheeke; also Sir James Martin’s mother Mary Ann Martin, and his sisters Margaret Martin and Mary Ann Martin; also charities Society for the relief of Destitute Children, Sydney Infirmary and Dispensary, and Benevolent Society. Several properties in Sydney are mentioned in the will. Probate 8 November 1876, goods sworn at £100,000.

Obituary Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), Wednesday 18 October 1876:
Death of Mr. William Long.
The death of Mr. William Long, one of the oldest and most widely-known citizens of Sydney, took place at an early hour this morning. The deceased had been ailing for a considerable time, and his death was therefore not unexpected. He carried on business in Sydney for upwards of half a century, brought up a highly educated and accomplished family, and acquired considerable wealth as a wholesale wine and spirit merchant. He leaves a widow and several children, the latter all grown up. One of his daughters is Lady Martin, wife of Sir James Martin; Chief Justice of New South Wales, and another is married to the Hon. W. B. Dalley, Attorney-General of the colony. His son, Mr. William Long, jun., is a member of the Legislative Assembly, representing Central Cumberland.

see Wikitree https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Long-16752&public=1

Convict Changes History

Richard Drury on 27th May, 2017 made the following changes:

date of death: 1876 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation

Heather Stevens on 22nd March, 2020 made the following changes:

occupation, crime

Heather Stevens on 22nd March, 2020 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1797 (prev. 0000), date of death: 18th October, 1876 (prev. 1876)

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