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George Lulan

George Lulan, one of 200 convicts transported on the Fortune, November 1812

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: George Lulan
Aliases: Luland
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1793
Occupation: Butcher
Date of Death: 1829
Age: 36 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: Surrey Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Fortune
Departure date: November, 1812
Arrival date: 11th June, 1813
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 199 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 88
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Beth Kebblewhite on 2nd September, 2019 wrote:

George Lulan (?) arr Sydney per ship Fortune (2) on 11 June 1813. He was convicted at Surrey Summer Assize on 12 Aug 1811 for ‘highway robbery”, given a death sentence, later commuted to transportation for life. He was a native of Surrey, a butcher, aged 21 (bc 1793), 5’7” tall, pale complexion with dark brown hair & grey eyes.

1) Martha Banford married George Luland at St Peters C of E, Campbelltown on 25 Sep 1826 (George Luland, Ticket of Leave,Abode: Parish of Campbelltown, Signed; & Martha Banford, Free by Servitude, Abode: Parish of Campbelltown, Signed X; married 25 Sep 1826 Church, registered St Peters Church of England Campbelltown by Banns, with consent of Governor by Reverend Thomas Reddall; Witness: T L Robinson, of Airds, Signed; Witness: Sarah Burke, of Airds, Signed X. Source: St Peter’s Church of England, Campbelltown NSW: Church Register - Marriages; Original Register (held by church) & V1826-3886-3B)
2) George LAWLAND/LAULAND (sic), aged 36 (?) died in Sydney in 1829 (St Philips C of E, V1829-1088-13). [George LEWLAND per ship Fortune, aged 36, buried 28 April 1829 St Philips Sydney – Source: SRNSW Convict Death Register, Series 12213, SR Reel 690.]
3) No records of death found for Martha, or any children’s births.

Maureen Withey on 30th October, 2019 wrote:

Ticket of Leave- Fortune (2) ...George Lulan, duplicate, Airds, Sydney Gazette, 27 Feb

Colonial Secretary’s Office, June 10, 1828.
His Excellency the Governor has been pleased to approve of the following alterations in the Police of the Colony, viz :—.
Campbell-town.—Edward Fletcher, jun. to be Constable, - from the 1st instant, in the Room of George Luland, holding a Ticket of Leave, dismissed on the 30th. of May, for unnecessarily firing at a Man. The Monitor, Sydney, 14 Jun 1828.

George Luland was sent to Moreton Bay penal establishment on board the ship “City of Edinburgh”, where a mutiny by the prisoners took place on 11 Jan 1829, resulting in the soldiers opening fire, and killed one prisoner.  Six prisoners were injured and taken to hospital.  An enquiry into the event took place and the mutineers were identified and punished. The Colonial Secretary’s correspondence has some details:

Colonial Secretary correspondence, dated 12 Jan 1829.
Letter giving names of 6 men received at General Hospital from “City of Edinburgh”:
John Marr/ “Minerva”
Richard Gorman/ “Regalia”
John Jobson/ “Countess of Harcourt”
William Jackson/ “Regalia”
George Luland/ “Fortune” 2
Owen Mealy/ “Asia” 4.

The inquest into the prisoner who died was reported in the press:
A Coroner’s Inquest took place yesterday, at the Rose and Crown Tavern, Castlereagh street, to investigate the circumstances attending the death of John Jackson, one of the prisoners of the crown embarked on board the City of Edinburgh, destined for Moreton Bay, who was accidentally shot, when a serious tumult took place on board that vessel, on the 11th instant. It appeared, after a deliberate enquiry, which lasted three hours, that the deceased, although not immediately connected with the said tumult, which fact was gathered from the circumstantial and very convincing deposition of Mr. David Murray, in charge of the Phoenix Hulk, or prison Ship, that he was indiscriminately shot by one of the soldiers in the execution of his duty in older to subdue the serious and alarming tumult that then existed on board. The Coroner and Jury, under all the circumstances came to the following conclusion, “That the deceased died in consequence of a wound inflicted by a musket shot from one of the soldiers on duty, after a mutiny had actually existed for some length of time amongst the prisoners, and which they (the Jury), consider to be justifiable homicide.
Sydney Gazette, 24 Jan 1829

Maureen Withey on 30th October, 2019 wrote:

This appears to be the incident which brought about George Luland’s dismissal from the police, and the reason he was sent to Moreton Bay.

John Lewland, a Campbell Town constable, for
shooting at and wounded George Green, with in-
tent to kill. Judgment of death recorded. The
Court, at the same time, promising to lay before
the proper quarter, the recommendation of the
Jury in the prisoner’s behalf.
The Australian, (Sydney), 10 Sept 1828.

Convict Changes History

Beth Kebblewhite on 2nd September, 2019 made the following changes:

alias1: Luland, date of birth: 1793 (prev. 0000), occupation, crime

Beth Kebblewhite on 2nd September, 2019 made the following changes:

date of death: 1829 (prev. 0000)

Beth Kebblewhite on 2nd September, 2019 made the following changes:

gender: m

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