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** community contributed record **
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
||27th September, 1803
life span was 51 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
30th May, 1802
30th October, 1802
|Place of arrival
||New South Wales
Travelled with 189 other convicts
||Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
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Maureen Withey on 21st August, 2021 wrote:
Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
John Lynch, Irish Rebel, per Atlas II, 1802. Tried Dublin, Life.
Not in 1811 Muster.
Trial of Insurgents, &c.
This day the Court assembled at 10 o’clock, when John Lynch, Thomas Shanks, John Morgan, Laughlan Doyle, Timothy Malahoy, John Brown, James Conroy, and Patrick Ross, stood indicted for feloniously entering the house of Thomas Neal, of Richmond Hill, Settler, on the 22nd of February last, and taking therefrom one bushel and one peck of wheat, his property.
The evidence for the Crown being called, John Kable deposed, that he was at the house of Thomas Neale on the 22nd of February; that about 4 o’clock in the afternoon, 3 men surrounded him as he was going out, one of whom had a musket in his hand and the other a cutlass; they desired him not to be discouraged, for that they would not molest him if he made no resistance: Conroy and Lynch he identi?ed to be two of the said three men. They then entered the house, and asked the deponent if he had any thing for them to eat, he gave them a piece of cake, they demanded meat, but the deponent answered, that there was none in the house; they then took about a peck of wheat: William Lane at this time entered the house, with a bushel of wheat in a bag; this they took from him, ground it, and cooked two pots of dumplings, taking away such of the meal as remained uncooked. Eight others had entered shortly after the three ?rst, of whom he identi?ed Shanks, Ross, and Morgan. They staid in the house some time,
took two muskets and a quart pot away with them, leaving the deponent, Thomas Neal, and two other men who were in the house, tied hand and foot. All the delinquents went away together, and Lynch it was that had taken down the muskets.
Thomas Neal deposed, that on the said 22nd of February, upon his return home, he saw some men in the house dining; they desired him not to be alarmed, for they would not hurt him. His testimony exactly corresponded with the former, as to their conduct in the house.
He also deposed, that one of the muskets taken away by the prisoners, who were eleven in number, was his property. He then positively identi?ed Shanks, Lynch, Conroy, Brown, and Morgan.
William Lane deposed, that he was at the house of Thomas Neal when the above felony was committed. That one the Muskets taken by them was his property, and that after they had ground and cooked a part of the wheat, as before stated, they took away the remainder, leaving him and three others bound hand and foot. Lynch, Conroy, Brown, and Shanks, he positively swore to.
The evidence being closed, the Court, after some minutes deliberation, returned a verdict,???all Guilty???Death!
Sydney Gazette, 19 Mar 1803.
John Lynch, James Tracey, and Brien O’Brien, stood indicted for the Felony committed in the house of Samuel Phelps, at Hawkesbury, on the evening of the 24th of July last; and Samuel Phelps being duly sworn deposed, that about half past 6 o’clock on the aforesaid evening several men rushed into the house, knocked him down, and bound his hands and feet; they then threw a blanket over him, demanded his watch, and searched the house, taking away with them a quantity of property, part of which, since recovered, was produced in evidence.
Elizabeth Phelps next deposed that the persons who entered were five in number; corroborated her husband’s testimony of their violence toward him, and further stated that they bound her in like manner, and when about to carry off their booty, turned and took two gold rings from her fingers, which she now identified.
Rd. Partridge, a Constable of Parramatta, deposed that he accompanied Patrick Mulrain to a hut at Toongabbee, wherein the latter ascended a loft, from whence he handed down several papers (now sworn to by Samuel and E. Phelps), among which was a Deed of Conveyance; on Tracey, the deponent found a canvas bag, also sworn to, and the nettles or cords of Lynch’s Hammock corresponded with those with which the offenders had bound the Prosecutor’s hands and feet.
Patrick Mulrain, a labourer at Toongabbee, deposed that on the morning after that on which the robbery was committed, Lynch, now at the Bar, appeared anxious to converse with him in private, and delivered into his hands all the papers sworn to, particularly cautioning him not to shew them to any other person, and requesting he would keep them until evening. Induced to examine the papers, he found an Agreement for the purchase of a house, and the Conveyance being shewn to him he declared it to be the same. During the day the prisoner repeatedly asked him for the papers, as did also James Hughes (escaped from custody), but he still found a pretext to detain them. Some silver tea-spoons were offered him as an inducement to give them up, at the same time he was informed that as the papers belonged to Phelps, it was unsafe for him to have them in his possession. The spoons the deponent also accepted, but still evaded surrendering the papers by saying that he had concealed them in the brush and could not find them. As a further inducement a watch was next tendered to him, and a proposal made to accompany Hughes into the brush to search for them, but suspecting treachery he refused compliance. The deponent afterwards gave information of the circumstances, and brought forward the spoons, which the prosecutor declared on oath to be part of the property taken out of his house when the robbery was committed.
Thomas Dooling now came forward as Evidence for the Crown, and after an earnest caution from the Judge Advocate neither to add to or diminish from the truth in the testimony he was about to deliver, was duly sworn, and deposed that ALL the Prisoners at the Bar (Brien O’Brien alone excepted), together with James Hughes (not in custody), had with himself proceeded to the house of Samuel Phelps on the evening of the 24th of July, from whence, after binding the man and woman, they took a quantity of property, and some money which they divided soon after they left the house, amounting only to about 3s. each, which was all he saw; the wearing apparel was also divided, but the two watches, proved by the prosecutor to be his, were to have been sold and their produce equally shared.
The prisoners in their defence set up an Alibi, and called several witnesses to support it, but failed throughout.
The Judge Advocate summed up the Evidence with the utmost perspicuity; and after the Court had remained some minutes cleared the prisoners were recalled, and a verdict returned—-Lynch, Tracey, and Hoey Guilty—- Death.
The Judge Advocate finally addressing himself to Brien O’Brien, informed him that as he had, from an obscurity that prevailed in this weighty business when he was apprehended, been fully committed to take his trial, so now by an open Acquittal his innocence was made manifest to the world, without admitting hereafter odium or aspersion ; he was therefore ordered to be discharged.
Sydney Gazette, 25 Sep 1803.
Execution at Castle Hill.
On Monday last John Lynch and James Tracey, on Friday the 23d instant Condemned to su?er death, were removed from the gaol at Sydney, and sent to Parramatta, where they remained until Tuesday morning. At seven o’clock the Malefactors were taken out of the Parramatta gaol, and under an escort proceeded to Castle Hill, the place appointed for their Execution; where the Reverend Mr. M?????? attended, ?nally to prepare them for their approaching destiny.
One of the unhappy men, Lynch, seemed sensibly a?ected at his situation; and with a fervor suited to his circumstances, attended to the exhortations of the Minister, acknowledging himself guilty of the o?ence he was about to expiate.
Tracey, on the contrary, assumed an air of sullen hardihood, denied his being accessary to the fact of which he had been convicted, and reproached the penitent, whose deportment was contrasted to his own.
Shortly before the cart was driven o?, Lynch addressed the spectators in a becoming manner, and hoped that his melancholy fate would operate on the minds of others as a caution against falling into similar vices: but in this last voluntary e?ort of contrition he was interrupted by his unrelenting companion, who harshly desired him not to gratify the spectators???and shortly after they were both launched into Eternity!
John Lynch came to the Colony in the second Atlas; and was capitally convicted here in March last, but with several others was respited on Condition of his becoming a transport for life.
Tracey’s o?ences before he reached this Country were numerous. He was foremost in the insurrection on board the Hercules on her passage hither, and was the ?rst who dared attempt to surprise the O?cers; but receiving a wound through the arm instantly turned upon the wretched companions of his guilt and rashness; and in consequence of his informations many afterwards su?ered exemplary punishments, and too late repented of a precipitancy whose object merited no better fate. His companions had formerly nick nam’d him “The key of the works”, by which appellation he was generally distinguished.
It is a melancholy re?ection, that this unfortunate character had only lived as a scourge to society, and that in the very last moments of his existence he should still strive to support the character of an abandoned unrepentant sinner!
The crime for which these misguided men died was of too heinous a nature to admit an extension of clemency; the more especially as this species of depredation had become frequent, and required that its progress should be arrested by public example; we ardently hope therefore, that the ignominious end of these su?erers, whose vices death alone could put a period to, will deter all others from imitating them.
Sydney Gazette, 2 Oct 1803.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 21st August, 2021 made the following changes:
convicted at, term: 99 years, voyage, source: Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry. (prev. ), firstname: John, surname: Lynch, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 0000, date of death: 27th September, 1803, gender: m, occupation, cri