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Levy Lyon, one of 200 convicts transported on the Ann, August 1809
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 60 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Ann or Anne
27th February, 1810
|Place of arrival
||New South Wales
Travelled with 199 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 428
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 6th February, 2020 wrote:
Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 06 February 2020), July 1808, trial of ROBERT WHITTINGHAM LEVY LYONS ELIZABETH FRINDALL (t18080713-7).
ROBERT WHITTINGHAM, LEVY LYONS, ELIZABETH FRINDALL, Theft > burglary, Theft > receiving, 13th July 1808.
481. ROBERT WHITTINGHAM and LEVY LYONS was indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of George Hatton about the hour of twelve at night on the 1st of June , with intent to steal, and burglariously stealing therein seven shirts, value 3 l. 3 s. a coat, value 2 s. 6 d. and a handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of George Hatton: -
ELIZABETH FRINDALL for feloniously receiving on the 2nd of June two shirts, value 18 s. and a coat, value 2 s. 6 d. being part and parcel of the aforesaid goods, she knowing them to have been stolen .
ELEANOR HATTON . My husband’s name is George Hatton, we live in Bethnal green , and keep the whole house.
Q. Do you remember at any time losing any linen from that house - A. Yes, on the 1st of June; I and my husband went to bed between ten and eleven o’clock; there was nobody else in the house; my husband fastened the door.
Q. Did you see him do it - A. No. I awoke on the 2nd of June in the morning in a kind of fright.
Q. Did you hear a noise - A. No, nothing particular. The first thing I observed was the street door wide open: ours is a little habitation, two rooms on the ground floor; the bed room door stood a little open; I could see the street door was open.
Q. Your bed room door was left partly open when you went to bed - A. Yes, we always leave it ajar; it was between three and four o’clock when I awoke, it was quite light; I jumped out of bed and went into the front room; I said to my husband, oh, my God! we have been robbed. I missed my things immediately; the street door was standing wide open.
Q. What things did you miss from that room - A. Seven shirts; they were laying on the top of the table wringing wet in that room, I had washed them the day before; the shirts I had to wash and the shift; I missed my husband’s coat, a pocket handkerchief, and a black linen apron; I had seen all these things in the room when I went to bed.
Q. How was the windows of that room - A. One was shut and the other half open; the window case was close.
GEORGE HATTON . Q. You are the husband of the last witness - A. Yes; I am a cork cutter .
Q. Do you recollect her acquainting you with the door being open - A. Yes.
Q. Had you fastened the door the night before - A. I had; it goes with a spring lock; I forced it to, and pulled it to see if it was quite fast; it was quite fast; in the morning, when my wife told me, I found it wide open.
Q. Had you seen the things safe the night before - A. I saw them lying, and my coat I pulled off the evening before, and my apron; they laid in the chair. I wore them the day before.
Q. Did you ever find any of these things again - A. I found three shirts at Mr. Sadler’s, pawnbroker, in Bishopsgate street.
BENJAMIN LEVITT . Q. Do you know the house where the last witness Hatton lived - A. Yes, I live about three doors off. I went out to work the morning they were robbed at three o’clock, it was day light then; I saw two men run across the fields from Mr. Hatton’s house, I believe they might be five yards off when I saw them first, but I did not see them come from the premises; I never saw them before; I could take no further notice than of their clothing: one was dressed in a dark coat, whether blue or brown I can not say; and the other in a light coloured drab. When I went home to my breakfast I was told of the robbery. On the Saturday following I saw the two men at the Mansion house, they were dressed the same as I described to the officer.
SARAH STEELE . Q. What business do you follow - A. A child’s shoemaker; I live with my father now; at that time I lived in the same room with the prisoner Frindall.
Q. Where did she lodge - A. In Reeves court near Bishopsgate street.
Q. Do you recollect at any time any person coming to her room and bringing a bundle - A. Yes, Whittingham on Saturday morning the 2nd of June; I cannot say what o’clock it was in the morning, because I was very heavy asleep; he knocked at the door, and the young woman awoke me; he brought up some things, what they were I cannot say; Frindall opened the door and took them; it might be between three and four o’clock; I cannot say what he had; I did not take any notice; he just come inside of the door.
Q. Did you see enough to know that it was that man Writtingham - A. I am sure it was that man; she did not say any thing to me.
Q. You must be awake when you saw him lay the things down - A. Yes, I was just awake then, but I did not hear him say any thing.
Q. Did she go to bed again - A. I cannot say whether she came to bed again or not; I fell asleep.
Q. Was the parcel in a black apron - A. I did nottake any notice; about eleven o’clock the young woman asked me to go along with her to pawn a shirt; I went with her.
Q. Did you see where she took the shirt from - A No; I saw she had a shirt in her apron, she gave it me out of her apron.
Q. In what state was the shirt - A. It was dry, I believe, I did not open it.
Q. Was it ironed - A. Not as I know of.
Q. You must know whether it was a shirt that was ironed or not - A. It was not ironed when the pawnbroker looked at it.
Q. She went with you to the pawnbrokers - A. Yes; in Bishopgate street, I do not know his name.
Q. Did she pawn it or you - A. I laid it down; I do not think that either of us asked any thing; the gentleman looked at it, he stopped us directly.
Q. You say she asked you to go with her to the pawnbrokers - am I to understand you that there was nothing said before, only asking you to go with her to pawn a shirt - A. No.
Q. And you had never seen the person that brought the shirts before - A. No.
Q. Did you know the other person Levy before - A. No, I never saw him before.
Q. Had you ever seen Whittingham before - A. I do not know.
Q. You must know whether you did or no - A. I cannot say positively whether I did or no; I cannot say that I ever saw him before.
Q. Now you are to understand you are upon your oath, if you had seen him before, say so - A. I have seen him before but not to speak to him; I saw him in Bishopgate street walking along the street, no further.
Q. What business does he follow - A. I do not know I am sure.
SEPTIMUS SADLER . I am a pawnbroker, 134, Bishopsgate street. On the 2nd of June, about ten o’clock I received information that a house was broken open on Bethnal green, and shirts, with other things, had been stolen; I recollected having taken in two shirts previous to the information having been given, from the prisoner Lyon; I advanced him five shillings on them. I had another shirt brought me by the female prisoner and another woman, between eleven and twelve o’clock.
Q. What did they say when they came in - A. I do not know that they said any thing; as soon as they came in I looked at the shirts to see that it was one of the same as were stolen; immediately I detained them, and sent for an officer. I have kept them shirts ever since.
SAMUEL SHEPHERD . I am a constable; I was sent for by Mr. Sadler to take charge of the two women; I searched the apartment where they lived, in Reeves court, Angel alley, Bishopsgate street; I understood this was Frindall’s apartment, knowing she had lived in the alley some time. I found one shirt in the room, one coat, and a pocket handkerchief, they laid on the bed; I then went to an empty house just by, there was no person living there. On the stair case I found two shirts and a pillow case; I asked the prisoner Frindall how she came in possession of them, she told me that she received them from the prisoners, that they brought them in about three o’clock in the morning, and told her to dry them. This black apron I took from the prisoner Whittingham, before the magistrate on Thursday.
JEREMIAH SHRUBSAIL . After I received information of the robbery I went to George street, Wentworth street; I saw the two prisoners, I knew them well; that was on the 2nd of June about six o’clock in the afternoon; knowing the place to be a dangerous situation I went for another officer, and placed him at one end of the street, I went to the other, I saw the two prisoners, I took one in my hand; Lyons made resistance, but Whittingham did not; being surrounded by a parcel of girls, one had a large knife in her hand, Lyon got away before the other officer came to my assistance; I took Lyon the same evening in Essex street. I received information from the brewer’s servant of the description of the prisoners. I found the lock to be a spring lock, it goes with a catch and a stiff hasp; there is a bit of wood nailed against it, it is im- impossible when shut to force it open; I saw the mark of a chisel I tried a knife and it opened it.
Q. to Mrs. Hatton. Look at these shirts, there are three of them produced by the pawnbroker - A. They are all mine, they were all in my house, I know them by the mark, the make, and the cloth, and those found in the empty house are part of them which were taken away. The coat, pocket handkerchief and apron, are my husband’s; the shirts are worth seven shillings each, the coat half a crown, the new holland shift, fourteen shillings; this pillow case is mine.
Lyon’s Defence. I get my living buying and selling old clothes. On the 2nd of June a young man asked me if I would buy two shirts; I gave him six shillings and sixpence for them; I went and pledged them for five shillings. I do not think it is my place if any body brings things to me to ask them whether they stole them or not.
Whittingham’s Defence. That apron is my own, I bought it; on Wednesday the 1st of June, I got up from my lodgings in Wentworth street; I went to this woman, I told her I was going to my diseased mother at Deptford; I had a bundle, I took it away with me, which was a waistcoat in a handkerchief.
Frindall’s Defence. I am an unfortunate girl; a man came to me on that morning and left me the things; this room is not my own; I went to that room that one night.
WHITTINGHAM, GUILTY , DEATH , aged 20.
LYON, GUILTY - DEATH , aged 25.
Of stealing in the dwelling house to the value of forty shillings and upwards.
FRINDALL - NOT GUILTY .
Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. justice Le Blanc.
Both men were transported on the Anne.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 6th February, 2020 made the following changes: