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William Madgwick

William Madgwick, one of 300 convicts transported on the General Hewett, August 1813

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Madgwick
Aliases: William Magick, William Madgick
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1769
Occupation: Brickmaker
Date of Death: 16th June, 1860
Age: 91 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Sheep-stealing
Convicted at: Sussex Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: General Hewett
Departure date: August, 1813
Arrival date: 7th February, 1814
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 300 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 125 (64)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Sources for Crime, Conviction and Transportation
Source Citation
Home Office: Convict Prison Hulks: Registers and Letter Books; Class: HO9; Piece: 8
Source Information
Ancestry.com. UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
Original data:
Home Office: Convict Prison Hulks: Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849. Microfilm, HO9, 5 rolls. The National Archives, Kew, England.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Sources for Arrival in NSW
Source Citation
Class: HO 10; Piece: 10
Source Information
Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Original data: Home Office: Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication HO10, Pieces 1-4, 6-18, 28-30); The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.
Source Citation
State Archives NSW
Source Information
Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Convict Registers of Conditional and Absolute Pardons, 1788-1870 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.
Original data:
New South Wales Government. Copies of returns of Absolute and Conditional Pardons granted. Series 1165. State Records Reel 774, copy of 4/4492. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
New South Wales Government. Registers of Conditional Pardons. Series 1170. State Records Reel 774. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
New South Wales Government. Register of convicts recommended for Conditional Pardons. Series 1173. State Records Reel 797-798, copy of 4/4478-80. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
New South Wales Government. Alphabetical registers of pardons. Series 1174. State Records Reel 798, copy of 6/884. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
New South Wales Government. Registers of Absolute Pardons. Series 1177. State Records Reel 800, copy of 4/4486-88. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
New South Wales Government. Registers of recommendations for Absolute Pardons. Series 1179. State Records Reel 800, copy of 4/4489-90. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
New South Wales Government. Copies of Conditional Pardons Registered. Series 1172. Reels 775-796, 3037. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

William Madgwick was tried for larceny in Sussex in Jan 1808. He was acquitted.
Source.
Source Citation
Class: HO 27; Piece: 4; Page: 231
Source Information
Ancestry.com. England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
Original data:
Home Office: Criminal Registers, Middlesex and Home Office: Criminal Registers, England and Wales; Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies, Series HO 26 and HO 27; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

William married Elizabeth Phipps in Sydney in 1834.
Source Information
Ancestry.com. Australia, Marriage Index, 1788-1950 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
Original data: Compiled from publicly available sources.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Baptised 5 March 1869
Source for Baptism
Source Information
Ancestry.com. England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.
Original data: England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Correction to Baptism date.
Should read 1769, not 1069

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Sources for Death.
Source Information
Ancestry.com. Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
Original data: Compiled from publicly available sources.
Source Information
Ancestry.com. Australia and New Zealand, Find A Grave Index, 1800s-Current [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
Original data: Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi.

Ron Garbutt on 3rd June, 2015 wrote:

Details for the ship General Hewitt (1814)
Ship Name: General Hewitt
Rig Type: S.
Built: Bengal
Build Year: 1812
Size (tons): 973
Voyage Details
Master: Percy Earl
Surgeon: Richard Hughes
Sailed: 26 August 1813
From: England
Arrived: 7 February 1814
Port: PJ
Route: Rio
Days Travel: 165
Convicts Landed: 266 males & 0 female convicts
Sources
Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.340-341, 381
The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/2, pp.113-127

Ron Garbutt on 3rd June, 2015 wrote:

Fateful Voyage of the General Hewitt
Under the command of Captain Percy Earl, General Hewitt sailed from England on 26 August 1813, with 300 male convicts,104 crew, 70 soldiers, 15 women and five children. The soldiers came from the 46th Regiment of Foot and guarded the convicts. She arrived at Port Jackson on 7 February 1814, having travelled via Madeira and Rio de Janeiro.

The voyage took 165 days, during which 34 male convicts died, mostly of contagious dysentery, a large number. The losses on General Hewitt, Surry, and Three Bees led in 1814 to Surgeon William Redfern preparing a report for Governor Lachlan Macquarie on the sanitary problems of the ships transporting convicts to New South Wales. This report led to a great improvement in conditions, including the appointment of a medical officer for each voyage.
Wikipedia - Original Citations and References are attached to the entry titled General Hewett (1811)

Ron Garbutt on 6th June, 2015 wrote:

The Story of William Madgwick, Elizabeth Phipps and James Westbrook

William Madgwick was born on the 5th of March 1769 in Fittleworth, Sussex, England. He married a woman called Mary Mansfield in 1793 at Sussex. Together they had five children: James (b. 16 February 1794 Fittleworth), William (b. 23 October 1796 Fittleworth), Thomas (b. 16 June 1799 Fittlworth), Mary (b. 19 February 1804) and Charles (b. 18 November 1808).

Abt. 1812 William was caught for sheep stealing and was sentenced to death at the Sussex Court. Death of course meant he was to be sent to Australia as a convict. In 1813 he left England onboard the General Hewitt. His wife and children did not follow as many of other convict families did, instead the family announced that he had died. William arrived in Australia in 1814. It took him a mere four years before he was given an Conditional Pardon in 1818.
Meanwhile…
Elizabeth Phipps was born on the 17th of February c.1792 in London to Edmund Phipps (b. 11th of May 1760 in Marylebone, London) and Susannah Harris (b. 12th of May 1768 Shoreditch, London).

James Westbrook (b. 1789 London) was one of three children born to Edward Westbrook and Elizabeth Fitchett. His brother’s name was Samuel and he had a younger sister whose name is unknown.

James and Elizabeth first came onto record when they were caught along with Elizabeth’s mother and James’s brother for breaking and entering the house of Joseph Covington. At the time James was a butcher. Their trail was held at the Old Bailey and like many others their fate was sealed there. James aged 22 and Elizabeth aged 20 were found guilty whilst Susannah Phipps and Samuel Westbrook were found not guilty. The year was 1812 when they were sentenced to death (transportation to Australia for life).

James came to Australia with 45 other convicts onboard the ‘Earl Spencer’. He arrived in the colony on the 9th of October 1813 where he was given to William Cox, the magistrate at Windsor and was distributed on the 14th of October 1813.

In his time as a convict James lived in Bathurst where he was one of the workers on the construction of the road over the Blue Mountains. By the 7th of July 1818 James was on William Cox’s list to have his sentence of life reduced. He received his conditional pardon on the 13th of July 1818.

Meanwhile Elizabeth arrived in Australia on the ‘Wanstead’ on the 9th of January 1814. She was freed by 1816. During her time as a convict Elizabeth met William Madgwick who she would eventually marry.
In 1834 William married Elizabeth Phipps at the right old age of 66.
Elizabeth gave birth to nine children. It is unknown whether the father of the children was James Westbrook or William Madgwick. It is believed that the majority of them did belong to James Westbrook.
James Westbrook died of old age on the 14th of July 1859 in Windsor Hospital, NSW. He is buried in St. Matthews, Windsor, NSW. Elizabeth Phipps died on the 8th of August 1869 in Richmond. She is buried in St Peters, Richmond, NSW.
William Madgwick passed away of old age on 16th of June 1860 in Richmond, NSW. On the NSW BDM it states that he was 108 years old but in truth he would have been about 91. He was buried on the 18 June 1860 in St Peters, Richmond.
The children of James, Elizabeth and William can appear in the registries under one surname but then they might have lived under the other name and died under yet another i.e. born a Westbrook, lived a Magick, died a Madgwick.

Source: The Stuart Family Message Board
The Magick/Madgwick family: http://stuartfamilyhistory.proboards.com/thread/2/magick-madgwick-family
The Phipps and Westbrook Families: http://stuartfamilyhistory.proboards.com/thread/4

Ron Garbutt on 7th June, 2015 wrote:

Further reading on The Fateful Voyage of the General Hewitt.
Free Settler or Felon Website. http://www.jenwilletts.com/convict_ship_general_hewitt.htm
Original references.
References:

(1)  HRA, Series 1, Vol., VIII, p.28

(2)  Four years in Paraguay: comprising an account of that republic under the Dictator Francia ..., Volume 1 By John Parish Robertson, William Parish Robertson, 1838

(3)  HRA, Series 1, Vol. VIII, p. 275

(4)  HRA, Series 1, Vol. VIII p. 140

Ron Garbutt on 15th June, 2015 wrote:

The Disastrous Voyage of The General Hewitt.

A detailed account of the voyage and its aftermath can be found at the Free Settler or Felon? website:

http://www.jenwilletts.com/convict_ship_general_hewitt.htm

Ron Garbutt on 15th June, 2015 wrote:

Source for Details for the ship General Hewitt (1814)

Claim a Convict website.
http://www.hawkesbury.net.au/claimaconvict/shipDetails.php?shipId=98

Convict Changes History

Brenda Walk on 14th February, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 5th March, 1769 (prev. 0000), date of death: 16th June, 1860 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 made the following changes:

alias1: William Magick

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 0000 (prev. 5th March, 1769)

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1769 (prev. 0000)

Ron Garbutt on 6th June, 2015 made the following changes:

occupation

Ron Garbutt on 7th June, 2015 made the following changes:

alias2: William Madgick

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au