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Patrick Marmion

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Patrick Marmion
Aliases: Marmon, Marradon, Marnadon, Marmond
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1755
Occupation: Stonemason
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Political prisoner
Convicted at: Ireland, Down
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Marquis Cornwallis
Departure date: 9th August, 1795
Arrival date: 11th February, 1796
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 46 other convicts


Primary source: http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/convicts.htm Freemans Journal , 16 April 1791, p.4.
Source description:

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 27th February, 2015 wrote:

Patrick was tried in April 1791 at the Assizes in Downpatrick, where he was presented as
… a vagabond by the Grand Jury, was found guilty and ordered for transportation.

He escaped in 1792 but retaken, convicted 21 Mar 1794 & sentenced to be transported for 7 years 27 Mar 1795.

In 1798: Marmion lived with Catherine Evans from Dublin, who had arrived per ‘Royal Admiral’ 1972.  They had 4 children.

Colonial Secretary Papers:
MARMON, Patrick. Per “Marquis Cornwallis”, 1796
1810 Mar Remuneration received by while employed in building of new Commissariat Stores (Reel 6042; 4/1723 pp.202-3)
1811 Feb 8 Enquiry into his sentence of transportation resulted in his being given a certificate of freedom; appears as Marmion (Reel 6043; 4/1726 pp.211-2)
1816 Jul 19 Juror at inquest on Michael Scandlin held at Sydney (Reel 6021; 4/1819 p.627)
1816 Jul 19 Re evidence at inquest on Michael Scandlin (Reel 6021; 4/1819 p.629)
1822 Jun 10 On list of persons receiving an assigned convict (Fiche 3290; 4/4570D p.78)
From John Thomas Campbell, Secretary to Governor Macquarie; Provost Marshal
1811 Feb 8 Memo re alteration to records relating to Patrick Marmion, a political prisoner (Reel 6043; 4/1726 pp.211-2)

Certificate of freedom granted 1811.

1828 census he was aged 75 & living as a stonemason at Lower Portland Head NSW

From Irish Wattle:
The Hero of Waterloo, a grand old pub in the Rocks area of Sydney, has always had a nefarious past. Built in 1843, it was a favourite haunt of the Garrison Troops, and used for rum smuggling.
But research by Barbara Hall shows that even before The Hero was built, the parcel of land on which it stands in Lower Fort Street was garnering an infamous history by association.
It was first granted by Governor Lachlan Macquarie to 57-year-old Irish convict Patrick Marmion in 1814. Patrick had been a prisoner in Sydney since his arrival in 1796 aboard the Marquis Cornwallis.

Standing at 5ft 9in, Patrick was broad of face and shoulder, with blond hair. Known as Captain Marmion to his friends as well as enemies, Patrick was leader to some 300 republican rebels in County Down, Ireland, during the late 1780s. It was this career that led to his transportation. The year after his arrest and conviction in 1791 he escaped from goal, wearing a drab-coloured coat, black waistcoat and old corduroy breeches. Patrick was recaptured shortly after and re-imprisoned ready for transportation to New South Wales.

Patrick laboured in Sydney for a number of years before being granted his 13 perches at 81 Lower Fort Street. A stonemason by trade, he was often paid in rum and food from the government stores. It’s very possible that he built a house on the block, but this is not known for sure. He sold the land to a Mrs Leighton a few years later. It was then sold in 1842 for £350.

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote:


Marmion’s sentence was as a vagabond, but only because he was not able to give bail for future good behaviour, and because being presented as a vagabond was just a vehicle for detaining him following the failure of prosecutions against him for felonies regarding his activities as a Defender (an association of people wanting to achieve Irish land and other legal reforms). These prosecutions failed for lack of persons willing to appear as a witness against him.

Freemans Journal , 16 April 1791, p.4.
“Patrick Marmion, preferred as a vagabond for transportation, on a failure of his producing, before two magistrates, sufficient bail for his future good behaviour.
“This Marmion, it is said, was a kind of a Captain among Defenders, and commanded a party of them, not less than 300 in number.
“He was indicted for burglary and several felonies, but, it is thought, his desperate name and dangerous connections, deterred his prosecutors from appearing, in consequence of which he was acquitted, and he would have again gone loose on the public, had not the Grand Jury presented him.”

Robin Sharkey on 20th March, 2019 wrote:


Having been in gaol in Down for many months since late 1791, Pat Marmion escaped with five others in the following early summer after being presented as a vagabond and presumably unable to make bail.

Belfast Newsletter, 22 June 1792, page 4:
“Escape from the gaol of Downpatrick
“On Saturday, the 19th instant, between the hours of twelve and one o’clock, the following Felons made their escape through the front of the gaol, viz:

“PAT. MARMION, commonly called Capt. Marmion, aged about 35 years, about 5 feet 9 inches in height, broad faced, fair hair, broad shouldered, light limbed, wore when he escaped, a drab-coloured coat, black waistcoat, and old corduroy breeches.
“JOHN DOGHERTY, aged about 26 years,  about 5 feet 6 inches in height, sandy hair, high-nosed, wore when he escaped, a grey frieze jacket, red waistcoat, and corduroy breeches; by trade a weaver;
“WILLIAM FLYN [sic], aged about 33 years, about 5 feet 9 inches in height,  fair complexion, dark hair, black eyes, when he escaped wore a drab-coloured coat, spotted velvet waistcoat, and corduroy breeches; by trade a flax-dresser; bred near Newry;
“PAT. LOCKART aged about twenty years, about 5 feet 8 inches in height,  fair complexion, his left leg crooked having been broke, wore when escaped an olive-coloured coat, striped velveret waistcoat, and lambkin breeches; by trade a flax-dresser;
“PETER KELLY, alias McKENNA [sic], aged about 26 years, about 5 feet 10 inches in height, slender-made, narrow-shouldered, pock-pitted, black hair - when escaped wore a blue coat, striped waistcoat, and corduroy breeches;
“PATRICK ALLEN, aged about 34 years, slender made, round faced, about 5 ft 4 inches in height, pale hair - Wore when escaped a brown coat, spotted cotton waistcoat, and corduroy breeches - by trade a shoemaker and bred near Lisburn.”

Below these descriptions, Joseph Robinson, the gaoler, promised to pay ten guineas for lodging in gaol each and every of the felons. He dated this notice the 20th May 1792.
Robert Ward, the Sheriff, had a notice underneath Robinson’s that “I do hereby offer a reward for apprehending the abovementioned felons, the sum of fifty guineas, in a proportionate share for each.”

WILLIAM FLYNN was re-captured, tried in 1792 and departed Cork on “Boddingtons” in February 1793.
JOHN DOGHERTY was also recaptured fairly quickly since he also departed on Boddingtons in February 1793.

Patrick ALLEN was recaptured later at Antrim since he was tried there in March 1795, and departed Cork with Pat MARMION in August 1795 on the Marquis Cornwallis, arriving NSW February 1796.

Freeman’s Journal, Saturday 4 April 1795, p.2
“The following persons were tried at the Downpatrick Assizes, which ended the 27th inst [March].
“Pat Marmion in May 1792 escaped, being under rule of transportation — but being re-taken, having avowed himself to be the same person — ordered by the court to be transported for seven years.”

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 27th February, 2015 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/convicts.htm (prev. ), firstname: Patrick, surname: Marmion, alias1: Marnadon, alias2: Marradon, alias3: Marmon, alias4: Marmond, date of birth: 1755, date of death: 0000, gend

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 made the following changes:

source: http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/convicts.htm Freemans Journal , 16 April 1791, p.4. (prev. http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/convicts.htm), alias1: Marmon (prev. Marnadon), alias3: Marnadon (prev. Marmon)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au