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James Mcdonald

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Mcdonald
Aliases: Mcdonnell
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1788
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 55 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Stealing a horse
Convicted at: Armagh
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Providence
Departure date: 10th December, 1810
Arrival date: 2nd July, 1811
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 94 other convicts

References

Primary source: Freemans Journal 23 March 1810; SRNSW - Convict Ship indents for Providence - SRNSW Incoming correspondence re John "McDonald" 1814 Muster and 1822 Muster; NSWSR Conditional Pardon Registers
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Robin Sharkey on 6th December, 2015 wrote:

James McDonald [the “Providence” ship indent incorrectly recorded him as McDonell) convict per “Providence” arrived NSW 1811 for stealing a horse, tried at Armagh Assizes in March 1810 together with Edward McDonald (a brother? father?) and sentenced to be hanged six -eight weeks later on 15th May.
James McDonald sentenced to death for 15th May 1810, Edward McDonald acquitted.
Reprieved and given transportation for Life instead.
Ship’s indent before leaving Ireland in December 1810 recorded him as aged 22. (if correct he was born about 1888).

James McDonald was a grass-cutter in NSW in 1822. This was a very poorly paid and menial job.

Freemans Journal March 23 1810
ARMAGH ASSIZES
James McDonald, convicted of stealing a horse, from Hugh Matthews of Keady, to be hanged on the 15th Day of May next.  Edward McDonald, acquitted of like, being charged with James McDonald.

ARRIVAL IN NSW?
* There are no records of his first assignment, but by 1814 James McDonald was a labourer working in the Government Domain by 1814.  (1814 Muster)

* In July 1818 he received a Conditional Pardon, named as “McDonell”.
Register of Conditional Pardons, 20th July 1818
“Native of Co Fermanagh, labourer”
Height: 5ft 9 inches, Fair Ruddy complexion, “Well made”; Dark brown hair, hazel eyes.

LAND GRANT PETITION

James McDonald sought a grant of Land

* 3 July 1820 - PETITION to Governor Macquarie
That having been brought up to Agriculture and having obtained emancipation from your excellency upwards of two years ago, humbly solicits .. a Grant of land”
William Cowper certified him to be industrious and a person with a illegible signature certified him to be honest, sober and industrious.

A land grant to one James McDonald was recorded on 1 november 1822 as being 30 acres at West Bargo, Argyle. Was this the “Providence” McDonald following his 1820 petition?  The land was bounded in the south east by McCreary’s farm and on the north east by part of Clarke and Jubb’s farms.
HE may not have lived upon it, but continued to work as a grass cutter in Sydney.

A further request was made in 1824, give the letter he received dated
16 August 1824 he twas told that his memorial had been submitted to the Governor, however “ a testimonial of your character is required from a clergyman”

Then he was told he would get a grant:
Letter 22 September 1824 from Col Sec:
Your memorial having been submitted to the Governor I have been honoured with his instruction that a Grant will be made to you, Provided that you agree to settle upon it.
Col Sec’s Office

1822 Muster - Conditional Pardon - Grasscutter, Sydney
1825 Muster - Grasscutter - O’Connell Street residence

RECEIVING CONVICT MECHANICS
17 May 1822 - James McDonald to be victualled from the stores for six months with one convict servant

From 1822 James MCDonald started receiving convict “mechanics” presumably to assist in his grass cutting work, and for whom he would have had to apply

22 February 1822 - he was assigned Patt Reardon per “Mary”;  McDonald was of Kent Street. The man was transferred on 12 April 1823 to Wm Sullivan

31 March 1821 - 30 Sept 1822 Page 6 (image 3242)
List of Persons TO WHOM Convict Mechanics assigned -
James “McDonnell”  of 26 Kent Street 1 mechanic - £2 5s 6d

31 March 1821 - 30 Sept 1822 Page 19 (image 3251)
List of Persons TO WHOM Convict Mechanics assigned -
James “McDonnell”  , Kent Street 1 mechanic - £2 5s 6d

31 March 1821 - 30 Sept 1822 Page 32 (image 22102)
List of Persons TO WHOM Convict Mechanics assigned -
James “McDonnell” , Kent Street 1 mechanic - £2 5s 6d

31 March 1821 - 30 Sept 1822 Page 46 (image 3269)
List of Persons TO WHOM Convict Mechanics assigned -
James “McDonnell” , York Street 1 mechanic - £2 5s 6d (691)

31 March 1821 - 30 Sept 1822 Page 62 (image 3279)
List of Persons TO WHOM Convict Mechanics assigned -
James “McDonnell” , Kent St, Sydney, 1 mechanic - £2 5s 6d (36)

31 March 1821 - 30 Sept 1822 Page 77 (image 3289)
List of Persons TO WHOM Convict Mechanics assigned -
James “McDonnell” , York St, Sydney, 1 mechanic - £4 11s (391)

18 August 1822 - Letter from Convict Superintendant’s office to Col Secretary, Major Goulburn.
Samuel HORNER, a “setter”,  per Almorah, who was assigned on 23rd August to James McDonald, a grass cutter,  was ordered into Barracks by bench of magistrates as a punishment for where he was to remain a short time, and afterwards be returned to Mr Uther of Pitt Street to whom he formerly belonged, in the interim he prevailed on McDonald to make application for him with view of not only getting out of barracks but to evade being sent to his said Master.

28 August 1822 - Grass Cutter, re assignment of Samuel Horner

1823

1823 - List of Persons TO WHOM Convict Mechanics assigned -
James McDonnell of Kent Street 1 mechanic - £2 5s 6d

1823 - 30 May 1823
List of persons who have neglected to pay for convict mechanics assigned up to 31/3/22
* no. 36 James McDonnell image 4682

1823 - 21 November 1823 (page 132) (image 3036)
James McDonald of Clarence Street,  Received Patrick Whalan “Isabella 2” image 3036

1824

23 July 1824 - was assigned Patrick Shaughnessy of the “Countess Harcourt”

28 August 1824 - Return of Bonded Mechanics
James McDonald of York Street, was assigned Samuel HORNER, a hatter per “Dorothy”
NOTES: “McDonald States that Horner was ordered up the country by Bench ten months ago”

8 October 1824 - James “McDonald” of Kent Street on lengthy list of defaulters in payment for their convict mechanic servant, James HORNER. No of payments due: A year.

Last Correspondence found with James McDonald:
22 September 1824
Your memorial having been submitted to the Governor I have been honoured with his instruction that a Grant will be made to you, Provided that you agree to settle upon it.
Col Sec’s Office

Not found in 1825 Muster - does not appear in the muster or the 1828 Census
Did he move out to live in a land grant in a country area?

Was his 1824 petition seeking more land?

Convict Changes History

Robin Sharkey on 6th December, 2015 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 99 years, voyage, source: Freemans Journal 23 March 1810; SRNSW - Convict Ship indents for Providence - SRNSW Incoming correspondence re John "McDonald" 1814 Muster and 1822 Muster; NSWSR Conditional Pardon Registers (prev. ), firstnam

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au