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Uriah Moses, one of 301 convicts transported on the Royal Admiral, March 1800
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 54 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 266
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Denis Pember on 23rd August, 2015 wrote:
Uriah Moses and Ann Benjamin were convicted for breaking and entering and stealing; silk handkerchiefs, 30 yards of lace and 58 yards of calimanco. All these the property of William Holmes, linen draper and mercer.
Uriah gained entry by cutting the glass from the shop window and removing it. In the process, he cut his hand and had to go to hospital. The whole trial transcript is several pages long and Comprises Old Bailey 17980110-8. Tried by the second Middlesex jury before Mr Justice Lawrence.
Uriah was found Guilty of breaking and entering and stealing, while Ann was found guilty of stealing only. He was sentenced to death (later commuted to life) whilst she was sentenced to 14 years.
Denis Pember on 23rd August, 2015 wrote:
In the 1825 census record, Uriah is located living at Liverpool Sydney, Conditional Pardon, Royal Admiral 1800.
In the 1828 census he is situated at Windsor on the Hawkesbury; Moses, Uriah, 48, Conditional Pardon, Royal Admiral 1800,Life, Jewish, baker at Windsor. He appears to be single at this time.
Denis Pember on 23rd August, 2015 wrote:
In 1830 Uriah married Ann Daley at Windsor. Ann was born in the colony, 1809 and was the daughter of Charles Daley (Convict, Boddingtons, 1793) and Hannah Alderson (Convict, Speke, 1808).
Uriah was aged about 48-49 when he married Ann, 21. They had a family of 9 over the next 16 years.
Phil Hands on 27th April, 2017 wrote:
On the 8th December, 1797, Uriah was arrested for cutting the glass in a window of a draper’s shop in Whitechapel and stealing a quantity of the merchandise on display in the window. On the convict records his occupation was listed as glass cutter and he would certainly have had the skills to cut the glass in the shop window. Unfortunately he cut his hand and was arrested at Guy’s hospital where he was receiving medical attention for the wounded hand. He was taken to Newgate Gaol where he awaited his trial which was held at the Old Bailey a month later on 10 January 1798, At the trial Uriah was accused of stealing seven silk handkerchiefs, thirty yards of lace, and fifty-eight yards of calimanco, from William Holmes, a linen-draper and mercer. Apparently a piece of diamond was found near the window and there were traces of blood on some of the remaining items. After removing the items from the shop he had taken them to the house of Ann Benjamin who was also accused of receiving stolen goods. Ann gave him an old shawl to wrap around his cut hand and told him to go to the hospital. Uriah appears to have kept one card of lace which was found under the mattress of the hospital bed. When questioned about the cut hand Uriah said that he was carrying a teapot when crossing London Bridge and ‘tumbled down and cut his hand with the pieces’. Uriah was found guilty and received the death sentence which was later commuted to transportation for life. By this time Uriah was probably 18 years old.
He was taken back to Newgate where he remained for a year before being taken, on 14th February 1799, to Portsmouth where he spent the next 14 months on the Prison Hulk ‘Lion’, moored in the harbour. The hulks were old, rotten ships, used to house convicts while they waited for a ship to take them to Australia. Eventually Uriah was taken aboard his transportation vessel.
Left England on 23rd May 1800.
Ship:- the ‘Royal Admiral’ sailed with 300 male convicts on board of which 43 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 20th November 1800.
In the 1806 he is recorded as working as an assigned convict to George Smith on land in the Hawkesbury area near Windsor.
In February 1809 a record in the Colonial Secretary’s papers mentions that Uriah had delivered produce to the Hawkesbury government stores. Uriah therefore may have acquired a holding of land in the Windsor area and started growing enough grain to sell some of it.
In 1812 Uriah received his ticket of leave which allowed him to work for himself, provided that he stayed in a specified area and reported regularly to authorities.
By 1818 Uriah had three acres of land on which he grew wheat, seven acres for growing maize and he owned 14 hogs. By 1819 his land holdings had increased to 12 acres.
On 25th October 1821 he received his conditional pardon, when he then set up shop in Windsor, baking bread, a business that stayed in the family for almost 150 years, he continued to supply wheat to the Government Stores.
From his humble beginnings Uriah had become a wealthy man. As well as the properties used for growing grain.he appears to have owned a number of properties in Windsor including properties in George Street and Macquarie Street. One of the properties, 68 George Street, still exists today.
He was also a money lender of some consequence
He was 50 when on 9th March 1830 he married Ann Daley (daughter of convicts Charles Daley, ‘Boddingtons’ 1793 & Hannah Alderson, ‘Speke I’ 1808) at Windsor, she was aged 20. Both made a mark in the register. They had 9 children between 1830-1846, 4 of whom died in infancy.
Uriah died on 5th December 1847, he had converted from his Jewish faith eleven days before and was buried with other family members at St Matthew’s Church of England, Windsor on 7th December.
Bell’s Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer, Saturday 11th December 1847:
Also, on Sunday, the 5th instant, at his residence, George-street, Windsor, after a protracted illness of some months, which he bore with Christian fortitude, Mr. Uriah Moses, aged 70, leaving a wife and six children to lament their loss. Mr. Moses was one of the oldest hands in the Colony, and universally esteemed by all who knew him. His remains were followed to their last resting place, St. Mathew’s cemetery, on Tuesday evening last, by a numerous and highly respectable body of friends.
On 4th March 1869, Uriah’s widow, Ann, married James Powell who was described as a gentleman of Randwick, he was the son of Edward Powell who first came as a seaman on the ‘Lady Juliana’. Edward then returned on the ‘Belonia’ as one of the first free settlers in 1793 and founded the Powell family, informally with Sarah Dorset and formally with Elizabeth Fish.
Ann died on 12th June 1880 and was buried at St Matthew’s cemetery in Windsor with other members of the Moses family including Uriah
Old Bailey Trial Transcription.
Reference Number: t17980110-8
73. URIAH MOSES , and ANN BENJAMIN , were indicted, the first, for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of William Holmes , about the hour of six in the night of the 8th of December , and stealing seven silk handkerchiefs, value 30s. thirty yards of lace, value 30s. and fifty-eight yards of calimanco, value 40s. the property of the said William ; and Ann Benjamin, for feloniously receiving seven silk handkerchiefs, fifteen yards of lace, and fifty-eight yards of calimanco, part of the said goods, knowing them to have been stolen .
WILLIAM HOLMES sworn. - I am a linen-draper and mercer , in Whitechapel : On Friday the 8th of December, the glass of my shop-window was cut, and several articles missing, four or five cards of black lace, some is what is called British lace, two pieces of silk handkerchiefs, and two pieces of calimanco, one was brown, the other drab colour; the whole of them were worth, I suppose, seven or eight pounds, the calimancos are worth about thirty shillings each, the silk handkerchiefs are worth about thirty-five shillings, the lace I cannot exactly say what quantity there was of them, they had been cut, and therefore I cannot say.
Q. What time did you discover that these things had been taken away? - A. About six in the evening; I discovered it by seeing the window broke, and missing the things; I did not hear the window break; next morning, the officers belonging to the Whitechapel office produced part of my property; a number of the things in the window were tinged with blood, the edges of the papers were as if somebody had cut their hand, and drawn it down.
Q.Did it appear to be cut with a diamond? - A. Yes, there was a piece left by the frame; some of the glass remained in the inside of the window, and some out.
Q. Who was it produced them to you? - A.Thomas Griffiths.
SARAH HENLEY sworn. - I am a night nurse at Guy’s-hospital: The prisoner, Moses, came to the hospital on Wednesday, and came out on Friday the 8th of December; he was taken out by some men that came after him, the constables.
Q. Do you remember if he was in the hospital on Friday the 8th of December? - A. I saw him coming down stairs with two men as I went up stairs, about eight o’clock in the evening; I always go to bed in the afternoon, and come to the hospital about eight, he never returned to the hospital again; I went up to the ward where he had slept, about ten o’clock, and in examining his bed I found a card of lace. (Produces it.)
Holmes. This lace has my private mark upon it; I had put it in the window on the 8th of December, in the morning.
Mr. Agar. Q.Have you any partners? - A. No.
JOHN NOWLAN sworn. - I am a constable: On the 8th of December, I took the prisoner into custody in Guy’s-hospital; the back part of his hand was cut in several places, here is a part of a shawl which I found in the bed where he was, very bloody, (produces it); I asked him how he cut his hand; he told me he was at his father’s, in Petticoat-lane, and as he was going over London-bridge, he had a tea-pot in his hand, he tumbled down and cut his hand with the pieces.
Cross-examined by Mr. Agar. Q.There were a great number of people in the room where he slept? - A. Yes, a great number.
Q. You found nothing upon him when you took him? - A. Only two knives.
Q. No diamond? - A. No.
Q. At that time he was in bed? - A. Yes; he said he had been in bed about half an hour, it was then a quarter after seven o’clock.
THOMAS GRIFFITHS sworn. - I am a peace officer; I went to Mrs. Benjamin’s house on the 8th of December, between six and seven in the evening, in consequence of an information, I went in company with John Griffiths and Edward Smith, two other officers; when we came there, I found Mrs. Benjamin, and two or three women, sitting in the room on the right hand side as we went in; I then asked her what was become of the property that was brought in by three or four boys a little before; she said, be quiet a bit, you will spoil me; says she, if you will stop a little I shall have a good thing for you by and by; I then insisted upon her going with me up stairs, to see where this property was; she, in company with Edward Smith and myself, went into the one pair of stairs back room, and between the bed and the sacking, I found this property. (Produces them).
Q.How came you to look there? - A. I turned up the clothes, and found it upon the sacking; when I counted over the things, I found three pieces of lace, two pieces of silk handkerchiefs, containing seven handkerchiefs, and these two pieces of calimanco, one piece with a good deal of blood on the paper; I then asked Mrs. Benjamin what was become of the boys that brought it into the house; she said, she believed one boy was gone to Guy’s-hospital, that he had cut his hand, that it bled very much, and she had lent him an old shawl to wrap round his hand to dry up the blood; I then came down stairs and took the property to the office, leaving her in custody with Griffiths and Smith.
Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. I believe you found that this house was a house let cut to lodgers? - A. The door of the apartment they generally sleep in themselves was locked.
Q. I ask you if you do not know that this house was let out to lodgers? - A. There are other people in the house.
Q. Do you not know that this very room was occupied by another person of the name of Ann Smith? - A. I believe there was a woman that slept in that room.
Q. You had seen the boys immediately before you went to this house? - A. No; I went down immediately upon my getting the information.
Q. Did not Mrs. Benjamin give you information, before you went up stairs, where these things were to be found? - A. I believe she said they were in the one pair of stairs back room.
Q.Did she not tell you, that that room belonged to Ann Smith ? - A. That might have passed; I cannot swear that it did not.
Q. The person whom she represented as having cut his hand, was apprehended? - A. Yes.
Q.Did he appear to have that bloody appearance upon his hand that she represented? - A. Yes.
Q. Then, in short, the account that she gave, turned out to be true? - A. Yes.
Q. And the information that she gave you, led to the discovery of this business? - A. Yes.
Court. Q. Had she told you the things were in the back room, before you insisted upon going up stairs? - A. I believe, when we were going up stairs, she said something about it, but I do not recollect whether she did or not.
Holmes. I lost these things from my window, the handkerchiefs I cannot swear to, my private mark has been rubbed off, it was put on with a red lead pencil; they are the same sort of handkerchiefs, and the number that I had lost, it was a piece; I had divided it that morning into four handkerchiefs, and three handkerchiefs; the calimancos and lace had my private mark upon them.
Jury. (To Griffiths.) Q. Was Smith, who rented this room, below with Mrs. Benjamin, at the time you went in? - A. I believe she was.
Moses’s defence. I know nothing at all of it.
Benjamin’s defence. I am a married woman, I am very innocent of it, I follow no business, but let my house in lodgings, the officer, Smith, came in first, and I told him, when he asked me, that there was somebody went up to Mary with a bundle; he asked me to let him have a candle, and I said, I could not give him the candle, because it was Friday night.
EDWARD SMITH sworn. - I went into the house first, and I asked her where the property was that was just come into the house, it could not have been in the house above five or six minutes; we ran as fast as we could; upon receiving the information, she desired I would make no noise, and desired I would keep out of sight, she expected the boys back in a minute, that she had paid nothing for them, and if I made a noise I should spoil it; I asked her for a candle to go up stairs, and she said she could not touch it, on account of her sabbath, it was past six o’clock; I took the candle, and went up myself, and found nothing; I returned down again, and then she, and I and Griffiths went up together, and she showed us where the property was; she then told us, that the boy, that she supposed had cut the window, had cut his hand; she had lent him a shawl, that he was gone to the hospital, and had taken the best piece of lace with him.
Q. Was any thing said about a woman of the name of Smith? - A. Not that I recollect; she said it was in the girl’s room; she keeps lodgers.
Q. That was after you returned, and could not find it? - A. Yes; her own room door was locked, and her husband was out with the key.
Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. When you went up first, you could not get into the room? - A. No.
Q. You did search that room afterwards? - A. Yes; she has lodgers in the house that men came to see.
For the prisoners.
ELIZABETH HICKS sworn. - Examined by Mr. Agar. Q. Do you know the character of this boy? - A. No; I know his mother is a very honest hard working woman.
HANNAH SMITH sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. I am servant to Mrs. Benjamin.
Q. Is she a married woman? - A. Yes.
Q. Do you remember this day, when some boys brought something to the house? - A. Yes; a boy brushed up with something in his hand.
Q. Was this house let out in lodgings? - A. Yes.
Q. Was there a woman of the name of Smith lodged in the house, besides you? - A. Yes; in the back room one pair, I was in the parlour when the boy came in.
Q. Where was you mistress at that time? - A. She was gone to a public-house to get change for a guinea.
Q. Does the parlour door open into the passage? - A. Yes.
Q. Was there more than one boy? - A. I saw no more, he ran up stairs as quick as possible.
Q. What is this Ann Smith? - A. I believe she is a lone woman by herself; I cannot say much of her.
Examined by the Court. Q.What became of the boy? - A. I went after him, and he said he wanted to speak to Mr. Benjamin, I told him he was not at home, nor Mrs. Benjamin, and in the mean time she came, and I came away directly, I did not see what passed.
Q. You did not see her give him the shawl? - A. No; I did not see any thing at all of it.
KITTY JACOBS sworn. - Examined by Mr. Agar. I keep a glass shop in Petticoat-lane, Moses worked three years with my husband; I found him very honest while he lived with me, he has been gone away three years; I have known Mrs. Benjamin five years, she was a very honest woman before she was married, and ever since, as far as I know.
FRANCES JEWELL sworn. - I have known Mrs. Benjamin these seven years, she lived servant with me, and a very honest hard working girl she was.
Court. Q. How long is it since she left your service? - A. Seven years ago.
Moses called three other witnesses, and Mrs. Benjamin one other witness, who gave them a good character.
Moses GUILTY Death .
Of stealing the goods, but not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling-house .
Benjamin, GUILTY .
Transported for fourteen years .
Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice LAWRENCE.
Convict Changes History
Denis Pember on 23rd August, 2015 made the following changes:
date of birth: 1782 (prev. 0000), date of death: 1847 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime
Denis Pember on 23rd August, 2015 made the following changes:
Phil Hands on 27th April, 2017 made the following changes:
convicted at, date of death: 0000 (prev. 1847)