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James Pearson, one of 130 convicts transported on the Sir Charles Forbes, 23 November 1824
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 58 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to 7 years
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/5, Page Number 230
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 9th June, 2020 wrote:
Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 09 June 2020), September 1823, trial of JAMES PEARSON (t18230910-153).
JAMES PEARSON, Theft > burglary, 10th September 1823.
1123. JAMES PEARSON was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Thomas Forrest , about the hour of one in the night of the 31st of August , at St. Andrew by the Wardrobe, with intent to steal, and stealing therein, one pair of shaft chaise springs, value 2 s. 6 d.; one brush, value 6 d.; and one pair of scales and weights, value 20 s., the goods of the said Thomas Forrest ; and five planes, value 5 s.; one oil-stone, value 6 d.; one two-feet rule, value 6 d.; one centre-bit stock, value 2 s. 6 d.; two saws, value 2 s.; one spokeshave, value 6 d.; three gauges, value 1 s.; one bill, value 6 d.; one box, value 6 d.; three chisels, value 4 s.; one square, value 6 d.; one hammer, value 4 d.; one pair of compasses, value 3 d.; one pair of pliers, value 4 d.; two gimlets, value 2 d.; one centre-bit, value 3 d.; and one brass-cock, value 4 d. , the goods of William Archer .
SECOND COUNT. For stealing the said goods in a dwelling-house, and afterwards burglariously breaking said dwelling-house to get out of the same.
Two other Counts, the same, only stating the house to be the dwelling-house of the said William Archer .
WILLIAM ARCHER . I am clerk to Mr. Thomas Forrest , who lives in Earl-street, Blackfriars . On Sunday morning, the 31st of August, I was called up about one o’clock by Jones. I looked out of the window, and saw my-son-in-law bringing a man by his collar. I dressed, and came down into the counting-house, and found all the articles stated in the indictment moved from the places where they were the night previous. They were taken from the counting-house cupboard, and put on the desk, ready to be taken away. He brought the prisoner into the counting-house. I said the scales were gone. He pointed to them, and said.
“There they are, Sir.” They were on a chair. I said
“Here is a drawer gone.” He pointed to it, and said,
“There it is.” I asked for the key of the cupboard. He shewed it to me on the desk. I gave him in charge. We found the counting-house window lifted up. There are no shutters to it, as it is enclosed in a yard. He said he got into the yard at half-past eight o’clock, and secreted himself by a waggon.
THOMAS CHONE . I sleep in this house. On the 30th of August, about one o’clock in the morning, I came home, unlocked the gate, and on entering the passage I saw the counting-house door open. I turned aside, and put my hand on a man’s back behind the passage door, just outside the counting-house. I brought him out to look at him by the gas. It was the prisoner. I knocked up my father-in-law; took a light into the counting-house, and found these tools moved out of the cupboard. Four cupboards had been forced open. I found he had bored above the lock of the desk with a gimblet, and sawed it about three-fourths of an inch deep to get it open. He said he hid himself behind a waggon about eight o’clock at night among some straw, and after that got in at the window.
JOHN JENKINS . I am a watchman stationed opposite Mr. Forrest’s gate; he called me over, and I found the prisoner in custody, and the goods on the desk. I found a common knife on him. The saw and gimblet he had been using were the prosecutor’s.
MR. ARCHER. The counting-house is part of the dwelling-house. It is enclosed within the same wall, but is not under the same roof. One wall enclosed the whole. The whole wharf is enclosed from the street, and from the river. He could not get out any way.
GUILTY. Aged 21.
Sentence of Death recorded, but not passed .
National Archives. HO 17/9/17
Report of Newman Knowlys on George Harvey from London, convicted at the ‘last’ September Sessions at the Old Bailey in 1823, for stealing 1 ewe sheep, value 30/-, in the City of London, property of Samuel Matthews. Knowlys states that the prisoner was free of any circumstances of aggravation and thinks him entitled to recommendation for clemency under the provisions of the statute passed in the last sessions of parliament. Knowlys ordered judgement of death to be recorded against the prisoner and no formal sentence of death was pronounced against him. Judge convinced the prisoner cannot be at large in this country and would therefore recommend him to clemency on conditions of transportation for life.
Report of Newman Knowlys on John Hanisel from London, convicted at the ‘last’ September Sessions at the Old Bailey in 1823, for stealing a watch, value £3:10:0 in the city of London, property of James Harris. Knowlys states that judgement of death was recorded against the prisoner similarly to the case of George Harvey. Judge recommends this prisoner to clemency upon the same condition, transportation for life or such other as the king decides.
Report of Thomas Denman on James Pearson, convicted in the September Sessions of the Old Bailey and upon whom a judgement of death was recorded. Denman has looked back at the circumstances and found that it was his intention to transport him for 7 years and this was intimated to the prisoner in court.
There is also a note stating ‘prepare conditional pardon for: Harvey and Hanisel - life and Pearson - 7 years’. AK 17.
Date: Dec 1823.
Tasmanian conduct Record: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-34$init=CON31-1-34
378. Jas. Peerson
Maureen Withey on 9th June, 2020 wrote:
Conduct Record: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-34$init=CON31-1-34p134
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 9th June, 2020 made the following changes:
gender: m, crime