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George Plummer, one of 172 convicts transported on the Florentia, 14 August 1827
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
||7th June, 1807
|Date of Death:
life span was 56 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/6, Page Number 269 (136)
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Db on 11th October, 2019 wrote:
Father William Plummer bn 1776 London, England died 16 Aug 1827 Lambeth, London. Mother Mary Williams died 1811 Lambeth. One sister and 3 brothers. One brother Jonathan arrested for treason with his wife Maria - coinage but he died in Guildford Gaol, Surrey before his trial.
D Wong on 11th October, 2019 wrote:
WILLIAM CONDELL, GEORGE PLUMMER, ELIZABETH HARMAN.
31st May 1827
Verdict Guilty > pleaded guilty; Guilty; Not Guilty
Sentence Death; Death
WILLIAM CONDELL, GEORGE PLUMMER, and ELIZABETH (THE WIFE OF THOMAS) HARMAN were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Samuel James Wood, about the hour of twelve, in the night of the 2d of April, at St. James, Clerkenwell, with intent to steal, and stealing therein 4 coats, value 4l. 10s.; 2 waistcoats, value 10s.; 6 pairs of trousers, value 5l.; 2 necklaces, value 7s.; 2 bracelets, value 1s.; 2500 yards of lace, value 81l.; 20 caps, value 40s.; 14 veils, value 7l.; 2 umbrellas, value 12s.; 1 handkerchief, value 2s.; 9 lace collars, value 40s., and 36 cap-crowns, value 40s., his property.
CONDELL pleaded GUILTY - DEATH.
MR. ANDREWS and MR. ADOLPHUS conducted the prosecution.
SAMUEL JAMES WOOD. I am a pawnbroker , and live at No. 35, St. John-street, in the parish of St. James, Clerkenwell , and rent the house. I keep my pledges in the top room of my house. On Tuesday, the 3d of April, between seven and eight o’clock in the morning, I discovered that it had been broken open; the thieves had taken a square of glass out of the sash of the top-room window, and opened the sash; two iron bars were then taken off and a padlock, which fastened them, was wrenched off; they could get along the gutter from an empty house next door; one shelf of lace was completely emptied - I missed the articles stated in the indictment, among others; they were worth more than 100l. - I had examined the padlock the day previous, or the day before that, it was safe.
Cross-examined by MR. DOWLING. Q. Have you any partner? A. No; it was quite daylight when I discovered it; I had been in the room on the Monday afternoon, and saw every thing safe; the bars were fastened inside - they opened the sash, and broke the bars, I think.
MARY ANN VANDEVELDE. In April last I lived with the prisoner Plummer, in Pettiford-court, Drury-court, Strand - the prisoner Harman lived with Condell, in Grange-court, Clare-market. On Monday night, the 2d of April, I was at Condell’s, in Grange-court, with Plummer - Condell and Harman were there; I heard Condell ask Plummer to go with him to Mr. Wood’s; I had heard it mentioned two or three nights before; Condell said they could go and get money at Mr. Wood’s, and would Plummer go with him, and it was agreed that we should meet on that Monday night. On Monday night Condell asked Plummer to go with him - he said they were to open the door of an empty house next door, and get in from the roof of the house; I went with them - Condell did not say I was to go.
Q. Did not Condell and Plummer go out on Sunday night? A, Yes; they came back, and said they had been to Mr. Wood’s, but could not do it, as there were women about. On Monday we went and had tea at Condell’s, when he asked Plummer to go; he said he did not mind; I and Harman went with them; we set out about eight o’clock or a little after - we went on to Thompson’s, in Holborn, and there had some gin; Harman said she should like to go with them - Condell said he did not mind, and it was agreed we should all go together; we went straight to Mr. Wood’s- I think it had struck nine when we got there; it was dark - I did not know the house; Condell pointed out the empty house, but did not go in then; we went and had some beer at a corner public-house, and staid there till about ten o’clock; we then came out, and walked up and down. - Condell said, “It is too soon yet;” we all four walked about till near twelve o’clock; Condell then opened the door of the empty house, with a crow-bar; there was no one about at that time; a coach was going by, which prevented the noise being heard - the door opened a little way, and they put in pieces of wood; Condell and Plummer went into the house - Harman and I staid outside - it was agreed before that we should not go in. The door was fastened after they went in - Harman tried it; we two then went straight home. We left our place again about four o’clock, and got there about five; they had not desired us to come back; we went of our own accord; it was them just daylight. We went up to the empty house; there was a coach going by at the time - Harman coughed, as a signal for them to come out, and they came out with two bundles; they said they contained lace; we passed over to St. John’s-square; Plummer gave me one bundle, and Condell gave Harman the other; we took them to Condell’s lodging; Harman said, when any one came by, “We had better make haste, or we shall be too late for the coach.” We got to Condell’s near upon six o’clock; Condell opened the bundles there - there was a great deal of lace, caps, and veils; there were three coats; Condell had one of the coats on when he came out of the house, and a pair of trousers on; there were three pairs of trousers; Plummer also had a pair of trousers on; there was some necklaces and bracelets; Harman gave me some of them - they opened them all, and put them into a box in the room; there was some lace, veils, and caps, tied in a yellow handkerchief; there was also two umbrellas; I went out, and pawned a pair of trousers, and Harman went and pawned a coat at Cameron’s; I went into the shop, and Harman into the box; Condell asked me to pawn them - we went straight home to Condell’s lodging. The officers came there as soon as we had done our breakfast; they handcuffed us three together, but Plummer was not there; he had gone out about two minutes before they came; Avis broke the box open, and Clements found the bundle. A man named Williams came there, and had some tea and gin.
Cross-examined. Q. How old are you? A. Nineteen last Saturday; I have come from the House of Correction; I have been there nine weeks; I am an unfortunate girl; I first told this story on Easter Saturday - I had then been in custody a week and a few days; I was the first to communicate it; the officers did not ask me to do it; I have no annuity, or any thing but what my mother sends me - she has 2l. a month for me, but keeps it till I am of age - Mr. Oliver pays it. I have come here to save myself, not to save my annuity; I know I should lose it if I was convicted. - Plummer is nineteen years old to-day.
MR. ANDREWS. Q. How long had you known Plummer? A. I had lived with him for twelve months.
COURT. Q. How long after they went into the house did you remain there? A. Five or ten minutes; we then went home, and when we went in the morning we waited about ten minutes before they came out.
MR. WOOD. I think it must have taken them an hour to break into the house.
GEORGE AVIS. I am an officer of Marlborough-street. On Tuesday morning, the 3d of April, about half-past eight o’clock, I and Clements went to Condell’s lodging, in Grange-court, into the front parlour, on the right-hand; we found Condell, Harman, and Vandevelde there; I went up to Condell, said I wanted him, and handcuffed him; Clements took the others; I found a number of articles in this box (producing it) - I found a crow-bar, a picklock, a centre-bit, and punches - they are such tools as house-breakers use; it is not a complete set; I have had the property ever since. Condell said the box belonged to him; I asked him for the key - he said he had lost it, and that the box had been brought that morning, by two men, named Welch and Smith (Vandevelde was there); I asked Condell if he knew where they lived - he said No; he said the implements were brought in by the same men; I then got Mrs. Westcoat to search the women; she gave me a duplicate, which she said she took from Vandevelde - also a pair of bracelets, and in amber necklace; Vandevelde said Harman had given them to her - Condell was present. I also found in a cupboard in the room, some duplicates of lace, and different things.
Cross-examined. Q. They were all in Condell’s lodging? A. Yes. A pair of blue trousers were found on Plummer.
THOMAS CLEMENTS. I am an officer, and went with Avis. Condell and the two women were there; I found these two umbrellas, and a bundle in a yellow handkerchief, containing ten black veils, seven white veils, fourteen collars, seven yards of lace, and fifteen pieces of lace; Mrs. Westcoat found in Harman’s pocket a cap and twelve cap-crowns; I found some cruets in a cupboard.
See originalClick to see original
MARY WESTOOAT . My husband is an officer. I searched Harman, and found in her bosom a lace cap, which I gave to Clements - she said she put it there to get some gin. I found the bracelets and necklace in Vandevelde’s bosom, and a duplicate in her shoe.
JOSIAH SHERGOLD. I was with the offiers. I saw the property found. I produce three coats, two pairs of trousers, and thirty-seven duplicates, which I found at Condell’s- I saw Avis find the tools. On Saturday I went to Gibralta-row, Prospect-place, Tothill-fields, to see Sarah Horsford, and while there Plummer came in; he had been in the house, and been down the yard, and as he came back Horsford said, “Oh, my God! there is George;” Plummer was then within hearing; I took him, and found on him a gold pin, a silver pencil-case, and a knife - Mr. Wood claims part of them; I asked Plummer his name - he said Wilmott, and asked what I wanted him for; I told him he was accused of robbing Mr. Balfour, Mr. Wood, and Mr. Dobree - he said he knew nothing of it.
SAMUEL SALT. I am a watchman, and went with Avis to Condell’s, and assisted in searching the room - I found fifty-one duplicates belonging to Mr. Wood - I afterwards went with Shergold to Plummer’s, in Pettiford-court, and there found some picklock-keys, a phosphorus-box, a turn-screw, a centre-bit (such as housebreakers use), and forty-four duplicates.
Cross-examined. Q. Do you know it was Plummer’s lodging, except from what the landlady said? A. No; it is No. 2.
M. A. VANDEVELDE. I lived at No. 2, in that court with him.
MARY ANN BUCKLER. I live in Rosamond-street, Clerkenwell. I pawned this veil at Mr. Wood’s on the 19th of March, for 5s. - I went for it again, and could not have it - I am certain this is it - I have the duplicate of it.
Cross-examined. Q. What do you know it by? A. The pattern - I did the hem of it myself, and know my work.
Mr. WOOD. I know this umbrella very well, and have no doubt of this lace - I keep a duplicate on the goods. These duplicates, found at Condell’s, were in my house on the Monday night.
JOSEPH HENDERSON . I lived in Kennington-lane. I pawned these nine pieces of lace at Wood’s, in June last.(These were part of the goods found at Condell’s).
JOHN COX. I pawned some lace at Mr. Wood’s; some of this I believe to be mine; it is the same pattern, but it being off the cards, I cannot swear to it.
HENRY POWELL. I am a shopman to Mr. Cameron, of the Strand. Vandevelde pawned these trousers with me, and Harman pawned this coat at the same time - I gave this duplicate to Harman.
WILLIAM STEVENS. I am a shopman to Mr. Cameron. I took the trousers from Vandevelde, and gave her this duplicate.
GEORGE AVIS. I found this pair of trousers on Plummer.
MR. WOOD. I believe these trousers to be mine. I had several pairs of them - I cannot swear to them - no one article is worth 40s.
M. A. VANDEVELDE. Plummer told me, when he came home, that he had got a pair of Mr. Wood’s trousers on.
PLUMMER’s Defence. My Lord, I should wish respectfully to submit a few words, in pollution of the offence I am charged with. I have laboured hard through life, but I have had the misfortune to become acquainted with this wretched character, who is trying to swear away my life - I have kept her by my industry, little knowing her extravagant ways - she has had acquaintances at my lodgings, which I was utterly ignorant of. She has had a brother found guilty at this bar; another brother, a reputed thief, and herself, a common prostitute, I trust you will consider these things, and that she has been prompted to attempt to prove this to work my destruction.
Two witnesses gave Plummer a very good character.
PLUMMER - GUILTY - DEATH. Aged 19.
HARMAN - NOT GUILTY.
George Plummer was listed as 19 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Leicester.
George was illiterate, single, 5’5” tall, ruddy fair complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, bird MVYGP on right arm, cut along righ little finger, x on back of hand.
Assigned to the Hyde Park Barracks.
George was then to be sent to Norfolk Island but was instead sent to Moreton Bay.
Ordered by the Secretary of State to be sent to Norfolk Island, but His Excellency
the Governor has been pleased to reverse that Order, and to direct their being forwarded to Moreton Bay for and during their respective Sentences.
8/7/1831: Returned to Sydney.
11/12/1844: TOL Port Macquarie.
11/3/1845: TOL Passport - Allowed to proceed to New England in the service of Messrs. Lawson and Alexander - Port Macquarie bench.
Db on 13th October, 2019 wrote:
The listing of Leicester as being George’s “native place” on the Register of Conditional & Absolute Pardons is incorrect. George was born in the City of London, committed his crimes in London and was in (and escaped from) Newgate Prison.
Convict Changes History
Db on 11th October, 2019 made the following changes:
date of birth: 7th June, 1807 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime
D Wong on 11th October, 2019 made the following changes:
Db on 13th October, 2019 made the following changes:
date of death: 1865 (prev. 0000), occupation