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William Poole

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Poole
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1782
Occupation: Labourer
Date of Death: 22nd May, 1823
Age: 41 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing money
Convicted at: Ireland, Kilkenny
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Prince Regent
Departure date: 19th September, 1820
Arrival date: 9th January, 1821
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 51 other convicts


Primary source: New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842. New South Wales, Australia, Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1856 Copies of Letters Sent Outside The Colony, "Foreign", 1814-1856
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Penny-Lyn Beale on 23rd August, 2020 wrote:

New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842.

Age; 39. Est. Birth Year; 1782
Date of Trial: Lent 1820 - Kilkenny City
Offence; Stealing Money
Sentence; 7 years
1822- 5 Nov - Event Description: Tried in Sydney. Sentence commuted to transportation
1822 - 19 Nov. Event Description: On lists of prisoners transported to Port Macquarie per “Lady Nelson”
Calling; Labourer
Ship: Prince Regent 2
Original Where, When & Sentence. Kilkenny. Lent 1820. 7 years
1822 - New South Wales, Australia, Colonial Secretary’s Papers, 1788-1856
Copies of Letters Sent Outside The Colony, “Foreign”, 1814-1856

Page; 376
Name;  William Poole
Ship: Prince Regent 2
Where and by whom convicted.  Sydney Criminal Court
Sentence: Life C R
Date of Conviction; September & October 1822

Noted against his name; Ran & Taken and Executed 22 May 1823 pursuant to his sentence.
1823 - 15 May. Event Description: Letter from J T Campbell, Provost Marshall, re question of commutation of Poole’s death sentence scheduled for 22 May
1823 - William Poole - 22 May 1823 - Hanged at Sydney for returning from Port Macquarie in defiance of his commuted sentence. Originally sentenced to death for leading a party of convicts in escape into the hinterland, in the hope they could walk to Timor.
1823 - 22 May. Event Description: Executed : Per “Prince Regent”, 1821

Maureen Withey on 15th March, 2021 wrote:

MONDAY.—William Poole, Thomas Peacock, Robert Cammell, and Michael Clensey, were indicted for the commission of various felonies; and Hugh M’Cann, Henry Webb, and Michael Kanaun were arraigned as accessaries before and after the fact.  From the evidence of John Wiseman, an approver, it appeared that the four prisoners, viz. Poole, Peacock, Cammell, and Clensey, with himself, were crown servants to various individuals, and were employed in and about the new discovered country, and Bathurst.  Some time in May last, about the 21st, they absconded from their various masters, and took to the woods: this act being at the suggestion of the prisoner Poole, who had been for some weeks previous storing the minds of his follow prisoners with not only the probability, but also the possibility and certainty of making their way to Timor, through the trackless interior of New Holland; to which plausible tale they were the more readily induced lo give credence, from their knowledge of the prisoner Poole being a seaman, and consequently an active and clever fellow, and therefore well capacitated to conduct his little party to Timor, in which event they had the prospect of becoming altogether, though remotely, relieved from captivity. Poole told them this tale; it was believed; and preparations were for a length of time carried on with great secrecy.  Horses were stolen, cattle slaughtered, and huts plundered, till they were (as was imagined) amplv provided for the expedition; in which they were assisted, as proved by the approver, and confirmed as far as actions and words couid possibly extend, by the other three prisoners at the bar, who were hut and stock-keepers to gentlemen in the interior.  The party set out, and went on pretty rapidly, till a river, of which they had no previous conception, impeded their further progress.  A consultation was called ; and it was pronounced impossible to overcome this enemy to their fondest expectation ; viz. that of reaching Timor. The only expedient that appeared to be left, as not the least hope was entertained of tracing the river, was to fell some trees, and thus effect a pass ; but, to accomplish this Herculean task, the adventurers possessed no implement ; and it was found requisite to return, after having gone 200 miles from Bathurst, for an axe! The horses that had been stolen having been missed, together with the amazing quantity of property that had been purloined, Wm. Lawson, Esq. the Magistrate at Bathurst, sent a party in quest of them, under the command of Mr. Blackman, district constable ; and, after several weeks fatigue, this persevering officer succeeded in falling in with a part of the discoverers, who had only just before separated from their companions, and were in the act of about becoming concentrated, to renew their march to Timor. This caption (for such it may well be called) took place about 30 miles from Bathurst.  The other prisoners were shortly after taken into custody. Such were the principal features in this singular case; which, however, is not unprecedented in colonial annals. Many of our Readers may remember the expedition to China about 20 years since! As to the property that the prisoners had managed to get together, it was truly astonishing, as well for variety as comfort.  To afford some idea of the quantity of property, the enumeration of the articles nearly filled a side of foolscap; and, among the number, the prisoners had provided themselves with a Bible ! Our limits will not permit us to say much more upon this trial. The defence of the prisoners went merely to weaken, and to endeavour to destroy, the testimony given by the approver; but that was too ably borne out to be shaken by unsupported assertion.  The prisoners were found Guilty. Remanded.
Sydney Gazette, 11 Oct 1822.


MONDAY.—This day, at one o’clock, the Court reassembled : and the various prisoners, who had been found Guilty during the sessions, but upon whom sentence had not been passed, were now brought up to receive judgment.
…  William Poole, Thomas Peacock, Robert Cammell, Michael Clensey, …  severally received SENTENCE of DEATH !
Hugh McCann, — transportation for life.
Henry Webb and Michael Kanim—7 years transportation.
Sydney Gazette, 25 Oct 1822.

Convict Changes History

Penny-Lyn Beale on 23rd August, 2020 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842. New South Wales, Australia, Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1856 Copies of Letters Sent Outside The Colony, "Foreign", 1814-1856 (prev. ), firstname: W

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