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John Randall

John Randall, one of 206 convicts transported on the Ganges, August 1796

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Randall
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1775
Occupation: Butcher
Date of Death: 13th October, 1859
Age: 84 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Burglary
Convicted at: Old Bailey
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Ganges
Departure date: August, 1796
Arrival date: 2nd June, 1797
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 209 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 215 (108)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 19th June, 2011 wrote:

Crime date January 15, 1796, trial date April 6, 1796 at the Old Bailey, 21 years of age at the time.

Charged with breaking and entering the house of William Murray and stealing a piece of linen handkerchief containing 11 handkerchiefs, value 10s. Sentenced to death, commuted to life.

Denis Pember on 19th September, 2015 wrote:

John married Susannah (Hannah) Ravenscroft (Convict, Experiment, 1803).  They married at St Matthews, Windsor, 13 August 1810. They had 4 daughters and then a son.

Denis Pember on 19th September, 2015 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales: [Ref R0114], Randall, John, 57, CP, Ganges, 1797, Life. 20 acres all cleared and cultivated, 1 horse, 36 cattle.
# Also listed; Randall, Susan, 40, FS, Experiment, 1803. and their son Randall, John, 14, BC.

Phil Hands on 8th July, 2017 wrote:

John Randall was a butcher from London. He was convicted at the Old Bailey for Burglary on 6th April 1796, at the age of 21 and sentenced to death, which was later commuted to life.
Left England early in 1797.
Ship:- the ‘Ganges’ sailed with 203 male convicts on board of which 13 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 2nd June 1797.

John Randall purchased 21 acres at Richmond. On this land he had his house, 15 acres of wheat, 4 acres of maize, one acre of barley, one acre of garden and orchard, 22 cattle and 31 hogs.
The cattle were allowed to graze on the land owned by WIlliam Cox (one of the pioneers in the sheep industry) at Clarendon next door.
John was employed as a butcher in charge of the abattoirs at Clarendon, a sattelite town. He built his own home at Richmond but lived at Clarendon as a house was provided along side of the abattoirs until his Richmond home was completed

In the details contained in his conditional pardon in 1814, he is described as being 5’7 1/2” tall, of fair / pale complexion, with sandy hair and hazel weak eyes.

John butchered his own cattle at these abbatoirs and sold them to the government stores. He was able to build on his herd by purchasing from the farmers by credits from the government store.
John was later given or bought 20 and a quarter acres of land at Evans Castlereash as well as 30 acres at Evans Castlereash and 50 acres at Jordan Hill Richmond. In total, he owned 100 and a quarter acres.

He had married convict Hannah Ravenscroft (‘Experiment’ 1804) on 13th August 1810 at St. Matthews Church Windsor, they had 5 children between 1805-1815.
John and Hannah became very successful farmers and butchers. They grew wheat, barley, oates, corn, maize, vegetables and had an orchard. They became very independant extending thier cattle. They butchered the cattle and sold them in to the Government stores. After 1813 they no longer called on Government stores for supplies. John only employed free labour and did not call on the pool of convicts as labourers.

Hannah died at the age of 73 on 21st October 1851 at Castlereagh.
John died at the age of 83 on 13th October 1859 at Jordon Hill Richmond.

Old Bailey Trial Transcript:
Reference Number: t17960406-11

237. JOHN RANDALL was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of William Murray , about the hour of nine in the night, of the 15th of January, and burglariously stealing, a piece of linen handkerchief, containing eleven handkerchiefs, value 10s. the property of the said William Murray.
WILLIAM MURRAY sworn.
I live at No. 1, Little Windmill-street, St. James’s ; I keep a haberdashery and shoe warehouse : My house was broke open on the 15th of January; I was not at home at the time; I lost eleven handkerchiefs; I understand they were taken out of the window; I had seen them the very day before, in the window; I went out about ten or eleven o’clock.
PHILIP WILLIAMS sworn.
I was passing by Mr. Murray’s, a little after nine; I saw the prisoner and another loitering about; I got another person to assist me, and we watched them for a quarter of an hour, backwards and forwards; we observed the window cracked; we thought they were gone away, and we were going to tell the people about it, and saw them come again in a few minutes afterwards; they both went, in company together, to the window again; I saw a hand go through and take the handkerchief, but I cannot say which it was; they both stood together; (the handkerchiefs were produced in Court); I said to the witness, they have got the goods, now we will lay hold of them; this gentleman standing here took the prisoner, and took him into the shop, and unbuttoned his coat; the handkerchiefs were buttoned up in his coat; I took the other about eight yards from the window; the prisoner took to his heels and ran, and the other witness went after him.
Q. Are you sure the prisoner was the other man that you saw at the window? - A. I am positively sure. I heard the glass fly; I said to the witness, I believe it is broke.
Q. When the man put in his hand to take the handkerchief out of the window, did you hear any noise then? - A. Yes.
Q. There were no shutters up? - A. No; it was before they shut up the shop.
JOSEPH COLES sworn.
I saw the prisoner run by Mr. Murray’s house; I was coming out of the house where I live; I stood at the door a bit; a person said, some chaps were going to rob Mr. Murray’s shop; I watched them about twenty minutes; I saw them cross the way to Mr. Murray’s shop windows several times, and they looked about to see if any body saw them; then they went away; and the other witness said, we had better go and acquaint Mr. Murray of it; then I saw Randall on the opposite side of the way; we turned back to a house near Mr. Murray’s, and stood in the passage and watched them; Williams said, when we see them brake the glass we will go and take them directly; accordingly we heard them break the glass, and he took Williams, and I took Randall.
Q. Did you see if the window was broke when you were going to tell Mr. Murray? - A. We looked at it was cracked, but, I believe, no part out.
Q. How near did you take the prisoner? - A. About forty yards; I took him the corner of Crown-court.
Q. Was he out of your fight at all? - A. No.
JONATHAN DOWLING sworn.
I was beadle of the night; Williams and the last witness brought the prisoner to me; I took charge of him; Williams delivered the handkerchief to me; I have had them ever since.(They were produced in Court and deposed to by the prosecutor).
Prosecutor. I had only this piece of this pattern in the window, and it was gone, the glass was whole; it was put in two days before, it had been broke by persons of the same description.
Prisoner’s defence. I was coming from Carnaby-market; I saw two young men; I asked what it was o’clock; there was a cry of stop-thief, and they laid hold of me; the man that is bailed out, said, the man that gave him the property was run away, he knew nothing of me.
GUILTY . Death . (Aged 21.), this sentence was later commuted to transportation for life.
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice BULLER.

Convict Changes History

Michelle Reid on 25th June, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 1775, date of death 13th October, 1859, gender, occupation, crime

Phil Hands on 8th July, 2017 made the following changes:

convicted at

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