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Henry Johnstone Rankine

Henry Rankine, one of 190 convicts transported on the Layton, 17 June 1829

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Henry Johnstone Rankine
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 6th December, 1806
Occupation: Blacksmith
Date of Death: 16th February, 1883
Age: 76 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Theft
Convicted at: Edinburgh Court of Justiciary
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Layton
Departure date: 17th June, 1829
Arrival date: 8th November, 1829
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 189 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/7, Page Number 103 (54)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Tristan Rankine on 20th April, 2017 wrote:

Henry Johnstone Rankine at the age of 22 gets a free ride (convict) on the ship LAYTON with his father John Rankine. They were convicted on 15th December 1828 at Edinburgh for life. They daparted on the ship LAYTON 17 June 1829 for New South Wales. Henry is listed as a cabinet maker and dealer with brown hair and hazel eyes. He had a diagonal scar on his left side of mouth and one near the right side of forehead, plus scar on left elbow

He arrives in Sydney where he marries Eliza Bird on the 15th June 1835 at 2nd Scots Church in Elizabeth Street, Sydney. (Presbyterian). The minister was Rev. John McGarvie. Their witnesses were Henry Currie Dawson and Henry Johnstone’s sister Helen Rankine, (who married Henry Currie Dawson the same year in the same church in Sydney).  But firstly they needed permission to marry. Permission was granted on 26 May 1835. Around 1838 Henry and Eliza move to Melbourne. The first ship into Melbourne with settlers was in 1835. He bought land in Post Office Place at the corner of Elizabeth Street, south west corner. At that time the Yarra was very shallow at the foot of Elizabeth street, and after heavy rains it used to overflow its banks and flood Elizabeth street. This happened very often so Henry sold the corner and went further up Post office place to the rise of the land. You will notice Rankin’s Lane on the map. He built a shop and residence and lived there east of Rankin’s Lane (named after him). He was a furniture and Cabinet Maker, also a Coffin Maker, and if needed would be an assistant undertaker. Later on it was also a secondhand shop and Ironmongers. His wife and family lived there, and the children were educated at St. John’s church of England day school in La Trobe Street. Photo and more info at http://www.rankine.com.au

Convict Changes History

Tristan Rankine on 20th April, 2017 made the following changes:

firstname: Henry Johnstone (prev. Henry), date of birth: 6th December, 1806 (prev. 0000), date of death: 16th February, 1883 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au