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Robt. Rawley

Robt. Rawley, one of 180 convicts transported on the Almorah, April 1817

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Robt. Rawley
Aliases: Connoly (alias)
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1792
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Housebreaking
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Almorah
Departure date: April, 1817
Arrival date: 29th August, 1817
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 182 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 340
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 7th September, 2011 wrote:

Robert Rawley was arrested along with "John Farthing" and Thomas Batts in Dec. 1815 for stealing a bolt of cloth. Both surnames he used, i.e. Rawley and Connoly were assumed. The records of his whereabouts post 1823 after John Farthing married and opened a bakery petered out. He may have left the colony and returned to England. There is a very high probability that he was Jewish. Two thousand Jewish convicts who were open about their Jewishness to the authorities landed in Australia. (See Rabbi John Levi’s book "Australian Genesis") There were actually more than that out of the 165,000 convicts who were transported but many wished to conceal their true heritage. The Church of England was a very powerful institution in early Australian colonial times. All convicts had to attend Divine Service on a Sunday in Sydney, Hobart and all the other penal colonies.

D Wong on 29th July, 2018 wrote:

Theft: burglary.
10th January 1816
Verdict Guilty; Guilty; Guilty
Sentence Death; Death; Death

THOMAS BATTS, ROBERT RAWLEY,alias CONNOLY, and JOHN FARTHING, were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house. of James Poole, at about the hour of six in the night time of the 15th of December, with intent to steal and burglariously stealing therein, four yards and a half of woolen cloth value 5l. his property.


Colonial Secretary Papers:
RAWLEY, Robert. Per “Almorah”, 1817

1817 Sep 1: Signed testimonial to surgeon on “Almorah” (Reel 6047; 4/1739 pp.237-9)

To VDL per ‘pilot’
Conduct Record: Listed as Rowley, alias Connolly.  He was 5’6ΒΌ” tall, hazel eyes, black hair, dark ruddy complexion, very well behaved.

Occupation: Tripe Dresser.
17/12/1819: Had a TOL

9/10/1820: Age 26, Married Sarah Ann Kentland, (Morley 1829 to NSW) 25, at Hobart.
Sarah is listed as ‘Kirtland’ on our records.

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 29th July, 2018 made the following changes:

alias1: Connoly (alias) (prev. Connoly (Alias)), date of birth: 1792 (prev. 0000), gender: m

D Wong on 29th July, 2018 made the following changes:


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