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Amelia Rayner, one of 170 convicts transported on the Emma Eugenia, 16 November 1843
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 56 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to 10 years
||Suffolk, Ipswich Quarter Sessions
16th November, 1843
2nd April, 1844
|Place of arrival
||Van Diemen's Land
Travelled with 169 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 91, Class and Piece Number HO11/13, Page Number 484
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 26th May, 2020 wrote:
Stealing from the Person. Mary Leader, 27, and Amelia Rayner, 23, both stated to be married women, and one of whom wore an enormous bunch of artificial flowers in her bonnet, were charged with having stolen from the person of Robert Avis, one canvas purse containing four sovereigns and other monies. Mr. O’Malley appeared for the prosecution, The prosecutor is a labourer livin at Winfarthing, Norfolk. On the 4th of November last, about five o’clock, he went, in company with Matthew Garrard, to the Swan Inn, Palgrave. He left about 7 o’clock, quite sober, with his companion, to go home. He was followed out by the prisoners who were in the house when he entered, and a heap of chaps came after. When they got into the street Leader laid hold of him, saying he should go home with her, upon which he felt her draw his purse from his pocket, containing 41. 3s. in gold and silver. He immediately seized her, and accused her of the robbery, when a man came up and knocked him down. He got up again, and told the folks at the Swan what had occurred. After being in the house some time, the prisoner Rayner came in, and brought him the purse, which contained 31. 2s., saying she found it on the road. The weather had been wet but the purse was as dry as when it was taken from his pocket.
Leader: Did you not come to my house after us, and ask us to go with you, saying you had been playing at ten-pins all the afternoon, and had lost ten shillings ? - Witness: No. Did we not go with you to Palgrave Swan ?-No. Did we not sit there the whole evening with you, until you made a piece of work ?-No. Did not your partner set a glass of beer on the table, and did not another man attempt to take it up, and you said you would slap his face? - No. Did he not say he would fight any man in the house for five shillings ?-No. Did you not put a sovereign upon the table and say you would lay it that Garrard would hide any one in the house ? - No. Did he not snatch your purse out of your hand, and run with it out of doors? -No. The party referred to, named Garrard, was called, who deposed that he and the prosecutor were knocked down and kicked shamefully by the fellows who had followed the prisoners out of the Swan. When Rayner brought back the purse, she was told by Garrard that it had contained £4. 5s. Od. to which she made a reply characteristic of persons of her class. In the prisoners examinations before the magistrates, Rayner was described as a widow; she denied ever having seen the purse; her companion said she found the purse as she was looking for a hat. The jury consulted together for about a quarter of an hour. The Chairman : If there be any point you wish to have explained as regards the evidence, I will read my notes, if you think proper. A Juryman: There is some difference as to the money stated to have been lost, and the money found in the purse. Mr. O’Malley: That’s not material. Second Juryman: I really think Sir, they’re all alike. (Laughter.) The Chairman; There is this difference to the money it is sworn that there were 4£. 3s. 0d in the pause when it was stolen, and when it was brought back there was 3£. 2s, 0d. I know of no other difference. Third Juryman : I think, sir - The Chairman: No, no, don’t tell me your opinions individually, you must give me the verdict of the whole. Both the prisoners were eventfully found guilty, and there being previous convictions, both were sentenced to be transported for ten years.
The Ipswich Journal, 7 Jan 1843.
The following convicts were removed from the County Gaol in this town by Mr. Johnson and assistants, to the Penitentiary, Millbank, viz., William George Simpson, William Burrows, Thomas Garrod, Isaac Johnson alias Wobeley, George Folkard alias Woods, and James Brundish, for life. James Howard, Horace Collins, Samuel Collins and William Gould, for 15 years. John Gould, for 14 years. Amelia Rayner and Mary Whittaker, for 10 years, Thomas Scales, and Lydia Wright, for 7 years.
Ipswich Journal, 16 Sept 1843.
Tasmanian Conduct Record: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON41-1-1$init=CON41-1-1p133
Amelia Rayner. Housemaid, age 24, native of Colchester. Tried 6 Jan 1843 at Suffolk, Ipswich Q.S. Sentence 10 years, transported for Larceny from the person. “Tried with Mary Leader who was left behind me.” Gaol report: character very bad. Left her husband and lived by prostitution. Married.
T. of L. 26/6/49.
Conditional Pardon apprd. 8 4 51.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 26th May, 2020 made the following changes: