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Ann Reason

Ann Reason, one of 89 convicts transported on the Brothers, 20 November 1823

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Ann Reason
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1805
Occupation: Servant
Date of Death: 2nd April, 1858
Age: 53 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Brothers
Departure date: 20th November, 1823
Arrival date: 5th April, 1824
Place of arrival New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 89 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/5, Page Number 110
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 10th April, 2017 wrote:

Ann Reason was tried at the Old Bailey in London of Stealing Money from a Dwelling and sentenced to Death.  Subsequently reprieved to Transportation for Life.  She arrived in Sydney as a convict on board the ship ‘Brothers’ which left London 20th November, 1823 and arrived Sydney 07th May, 1824.
Old Bailey proceedings 9 April, 1823;  (Transcript t18230409-47) (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org)
Before Lord Chief Justice Abbott.
ANN REASON was indicted for stealing, on the 3 d of March, at St. Mary-le-bone, three sovereigns, six crown pieces, and twelve half crowns, the monies of John Kempshall, in the dwelling house of John Craige.
SARAH KEMPSHALL. I lodged in the house of John Craige, No. 12, Circus-street, in the Parish of St. Mary-le-bone. I have a son named John. The prisoner came to me one Thursday night, having left her place, and I let her lodge with me; she stopped nearly five weeks, and slept in the same bed, and occupied the same room as myself.  While she was with me, my son gave me £6. to take care of - the prisoner did not know it. There were three sovereigns, some crown pieces, and half a crown. I took out my drawer, and put the money behind it, and put the drawer in again - it was wrapped up in a silk handkerchief - the drawer would shut close with it there. I did not lock it, as I had no key. This was about three weeks before she left. I went out every day to work - I left her in the room. I was sometimes absent all day. I did not look for the money until my son spoke to me about it. She had then been gone away to her place nine days - we missed the money, and had her taken the next day.
JOHN KEMPSHALL. I am the son of the last witness. I gave her 6 l. - three sovereigns, 2 l. in dollars, and the rest in half crowns; we went to look for them, in the drawers, about three weeks after, and it was gone.
ROBERT WILLIANS. I am an officer. I took the prisoner on the 8th of April, at No. 28, George-street, Manchester-square, where she was in service. She opened the door, and I said, I wanted to speak to her, about some money lost by the prosecutor, at No. 12, Circus-street. She said, she knew nothing at all about it - she had the newspaper in her hand, and said, “I must go up to my mistress, for she is very ill a bed.” 
I said, “Are there no other servants in the house.“She said, “No.” I allowed her to go up-stairs; I stopped in the passage; she came down in two or three minutes, with a water bottle, and said, “I am going to get some water for my mistress.” She went down, and stopped longer than I thought necessary; and when she came up, I asked her what had made her so long. See said, she had been filling the kettle. I then went down stairs with her in the front area, and found some wearing apparel, quite new, thrown there behind an empty beer cask.
I said. “This is what made you stay so long down stairs.” She said, she was very sorry for it; and, if I would accompany her to her friends, she would make the money good, - I had neither promised nor threatened her. The wearing apparel consisted of a bonnet, silk scarf, bombazeen and cotton gown, and some muslin. I asked her where the rest of the money was.  She said, she had laid it out in those things; and she mentioned the prices of the different things, which came to above 5 l.  Her box stood in the kitchen, with the key in it, but I found nothing there.
Prisoner’s Defence. The prosecutrix is a false woman; she first encouraged me to rob my father’s house, and then to leave it; and, because I would not consent to what she wished, she has prosecuted me.
Two witnesses gave her a good character.
GUILTY - DEATH. Aged 18.

Denis Pember on 10th April, 2017 wrote:

In the colony, Ann married Francis Skinner (Convict, 1824, “Minerva”).
They married in 1830…
Name: Francis Skinner
Spouse Name: Ann Reason
Marriage Date: 1830
Marriage Place: New South Wales
Registration Place: Windsor, New South Wales
Registration Year: 1830
Volume Number: V B
The couple had a son Francis Charles Skinner, born December 24th 1830.
Francis (snr) died September 9th 1831, leaving Ann a widow with a very young child.
Two years later, Ann married again, to Samuel Senior (Convict, 1819, “John Barry”) over the years, and they had a large family, 9 children born between 1834 and 1849.

Denis Pember on 10th April, 2017 wrote:

Samuel, Francis and Ann were all working together in 1828, assigned to William Cox in various jobs:
Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 333.. [Ref S0412] Senior, Samuel, 26, FS, John Barry, 1818, 7 years, Overseer for Wm Cox at Windsor.
Page 340… [Ref S1098] Skinner, Francis, 25, GS, Minerva, 1824, 7 years, Bricklayer to Wm Cox at Windsor.
Page 313… [Ref R0295] Reason, Ann, 25, GS, Brothers, 1824, Life, Nursemaid to Wm Cox at Clarendon, Windsor.

Maureen Withey on 10th March, 2020 wrote:

One of 39 women on board “Brothers” who landed in NSW.
Surgeon’s Comment on Conduct on board during the voyage.
Ann Reason - very good.


THE undermentioned Female Prisoners of the Crown have obtained Tickets of Leave, in compliance with the Regulations of March 17, 1820, for good Conduct in the Situations respectively stated, viz:
County of Cumberland. HAWKESBURY.
Reason Ann, Brothers (1), in Service.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 10th April, 2017 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1805 (prev. 0000), date of death: 2nd April, 1858 (prev. 0000), gender: f, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au