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Henry Rhodes

Henry Rhodes, one of 200 convicts transported on the Surrey, 15 July 1831

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Henry Rhodes
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1809
Occupation: Shepherd
Date of Death: 10th May, 1859
Age: 50 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing copper
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Surrey or Surry
Departure date: 15th July, 1831
Arrival date: 26th November, 1831
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 200 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 133 (69)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Heather Stevens on 18th August, 2020 wrote:

Birth about 1809, Middlesex, England, father John. (Age 22 in Convict Indent; however age 19 in Old Bailey trial, and age 50, father John, born Middlesex in death certificate

27th May 1830: Conviction at Old Bailey, London, (Middlesex Gaol Delivery) May Session 1830, larceny, 7 years sentence. Stole copper at Harrow. The following comes from Old Bailey Proceedings Online:

1077. HENRY RHODES was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of May , 1 copper, value 10s., the goods of John Woodbridge , and fixed to a building ; against the Statute.JOHN WOODBRIDGE. I am a carpenter . This building was unoccupied, I had the care of it; it is at Harrow -I was at work there, and the prisoner worked for me; the copper was fixed in an out-house - I saw it in the morning of the 4th of May, and in the evening it was gone - I had seen the prisoner that evening, going up towards the house- I went afterwards, and the copper was gone; the prisoner was gone from the premises then - I went in search of it that evening, and found it next day in a pond near the prisoner’s father’s; the prisoner lodges with a man named Chapman, four or five hundred yards from the pond.JAMES SANDILAND . I am a cabinet-maker. I was going to Harrow school on the 4th of May, about twenty minutes before nine o’clock in the evening, and saw the prisoner standing under the porch of the door of the house in question; I went into my own house, and watched him -I saw him come out with the copper before him; he put it on his head - I told the witness’ wife of it; he was sent for and came.HENRY PUDDYFOOT . I am a constable, and took the prisoner.(Property produced and sworn to.)The prisoner put in a written Defence, declaring his innocence.GUILTY . Aged 19. -Transported for Seven Years.

26 May 1831 He was admitted to the hulk “Hardy” moored at Portsmouth, England.

He was transported on the “Surry” which departed Portsmouth on 17 July 1831 and arrived in Port Jackson on Saturday 26 November 1831, a voyage of 151 days from embarkation to disembarkation. He was treated for sickness during the voyage: “Henry Rhodes, aged 22, Prisoner; disease or hurt, obstipatio. Put on sick list, 5 August 1831. Discharged, 6 August 1831 to duty.”

His entry on the convict indent for the Surry gives the following information: aged 22 years; Education: Read; Religion: Protestant; Marriage Status: Single; Native Place: Middlesex; Trade or Calling: Shepherd, shears, milks, reaps, sows; Offence: Stealing copper, Tried at Middlesex Gaol Delivery, 27 May 1830, Sentence: 7 years, Previous convictions: None; Height: 5 feet 3; Complexion: Sallow; Eyes: Hazel grey; Hair: Brown; scar over left eye and on left side lower lip, brown mark on outer part left eye.

1 Dec 1831 account opened with Saving Bank of New South Wales: Prisoners of Surry (5): Rhodes Henry 1.11.0. deposited 1 Dec 1831; Paid as cash 1847.

Conviction 2 Feb 1836 Maitland Quarter Sessions, NSW, for cattle stealing, sentenced to life penal servitude, transported 28 July 1836 to Norfolk Island. Later the sentence was commuted.

3 Nov 1847 Ticket of Leave for the area Muswellbrook, New South Wales.
28 February 1850 Marriage to Elizabeth Sarah Ainsworth (1830–1918) at Rowan, New South Wales, Australia:  bachelor and spinster, both of the parish, both marked with a cross.

3 June 1852  He obtained his Certificate of Freedom 52/46, which was sent to the Muswellbrook bench on 5 June.

1853 He was a constable at Muswellbrook, New South Wales according to the baptism record of his daughter Harriett.

In 1856 he was dismissed from the police for repeated drunkenness. [Police Gazette]

Death 10 May 1859 Muswellbrook, NSW: Henry Rhodes age 50, fencer, died of ‘Injury to spine, paralysis’; children: Harriet 6, Rosetta 4, James Henry 7 months.

Old Bailey Proceedings Online https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t18300527-44-defend454&div=t18300527-44#highlight

Sick list of His Majesty’s convict ship Surry between 25 June… Reference: ADM 101/70/2/4 http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C10374362

Heather Stevens on 18th August, 2020 wrote:

Just to clarify where they married: the parish of Rowan in the County of Durham, this parish includes the town of Muswellbrook.

Convict Changes History

Heather Stevens on 18th August, 2020 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1809 (prev. 0000), date of death: 10th May, 1859 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au