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William Ritchie

William Ritchie, one of 188 convicts transported on the John, 22 May 1829

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Ritchie
Aliases: Smith, John (alias)
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1804
Occupation: Bricklayer
Date of Death: 17th July, 1838
Age: 34 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 51 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Returning from transportation
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: John
Departure date: 22nd May, 1829
Arrival date: 13th September, 1829
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 187 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/7, Page Number 78
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 27th April, 2019 wrote:

Old Bailey:
Miscellaneous: returning from transportation.
19th February 1829
Verdict Guilty > pleaded guilty
Sentence Death

WILLIAM RITCHIE, alias JOHN SMITH, was indicted for that, at the General Session of the Delivery of the Gaol of Newgate, holden for the City of London, on Thursday, the 15th of July, in the 5th year of the present King, he (by the name of William Ritchie) was in due form of law convicted for unlawfully, &c., on the 19th of June, in the 5th year aforesaid, at St. Gregory by St. Paul, obtaining by a false pretence from one John Woolfit, 1 tea chest, value 3l., with intent to cheat and defraud him thereof; against the Statute; and was thereupon ordered to be Transported heyond the seas for the term of Seven Years,&c.; and that he, afterwards, on the 16th of February, in the 10th year, &c., at St. Luke, feloniously was at large, without any lawful cause, within His Majesty’s dominions to wit, at the said parish of St. Luke, before the expiration of the term for which he had been so ordered to be transported ; against the Statute, &c.

SECOND COUNT, that at the Delivery of the Gaol of Newgate, holden for the City of London, on Thursday, the 15th of July, in the 5th year aforesaid, the said William Ritchie , alias John Smith, was ordered by the said Court to be Transported beyond the seas for the term of Seven Years, and that he, afterwards, on the said 16th of February, feloniously was at large in His Majesty’s dominions, that is to say, at St. Luke, without any lawful cause, before the expiration of the said term for which he was so ordered to be transported; against the Statue, &c.

The prisoner pleaded GUILTY - DEATH. Aged 25.

William Ritchie was 25 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Derby.

Occupation: Bricklayer and plasterer.

William was 5’3” tall, ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, grey eyes, horizontal scar over right eye.
Listed as married with no children, but from his trial at the Old Bailey - he had a child with Jane Smith, who was later transported as Jane Ritchie per ‘Lucy Davidson’ 1829.

Assigned to the Public Works Dept.

17/7/1838: Convict Death Register - William Ritchie died at Norfolk Island, aged 32.

Penny-Lyn Beale on 1st January, 2022 wrote:

1829 - New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents. John - 1829.
No; 108
Name; William Ritchie alias John Smith
Age; 35 years, Read & write, Married - No children
Native Place; Derby
Trade or calling; Bricklayer and Plaisterer
Offence; Returning from Transportation
Trial; London - 19 Feb 1829
Noted under name; 2nd Conviction. Served 4 1/2 years in Hulk and escaped from there

1831 - Parramatta Entrance Book. Sentence; To be sent to No; 25 Road Gang

1835 - 6 April. Sydney Gaol Entrance Book. Sentenced - 12 months Iron Gang.

1837 - 13 May 1837. Sydney Gaol Entrance Book. Trial; Patrick Plains. Sentenced - Transported to H M Hulk.

Penny-Lyn Beale on 4th January, 2022 wrote:

1829 - WIFE;

Penny-Lyn Beale on 4th January, 2022 wrote:

1829 - WIFE; Jane Ritchie. Arrived in the Colony per Ship; Lucy Davidson.
Refer Indent No; 85. Name; Jane Ritchie. Noted against her name; HUSBAND; here as Wm. Ritchie per John 2.

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 27th April, 2019 made the following changes:

alias1: Smith, John (alias) (prev. Smith, John (Alias)), date of birth: 1804 (prev. 0000), date of death: 17th July, 1838 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au