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Jacob Russell

Jacob Russell, one of 106 convicts transported on the Active, Albermarle, Atlantic, Barrington, Britannia, Mary Ann, Matilda, Salamander and William and Mary, January 1791

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Jacob Russell
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 15th August, 1761
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 4th November, 1856
Age: 95 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Burglary
Convicted at: Warwick Assizes
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Active, Albermarle, Atlantic, Barrington, Britannia, Mary Ann, Matilda, Salamander and William and Ann
Departure date: January, 1791
Arrival date: 9th July, 1791
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 996 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 141 (72)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 16th March, 2016 wrote:

Jacob was tried and sentenced to 7 years transportation at Warwick Assizes, 26th March 1787, although the actual indictment cannot be traced as the assizes records for Warwickshire were accidentally destroyed last century. However, his trial received a mention in the Birmingham Gazette on 2nd April, 1787, and in a list of the Enrolments of Certificated of Convictions of Felons for the years 1773-1822 at Warwickshire County Archives.
From the Birmingham Gazette: “The Commission for holding the Assize for this County was opened on Monday last at Warwick, before Mr Justice Heath. Sixty Prisoners took their trials at the Bar, four being capitally convicted and received the sentence of death, (Jacob Russell was one of the four) for the burglary in the house of William Ordridge in this town. Commuted.”
From the List of Enrolments and Convictions of Felons: “The prisoner Jacon Russell was convicted of burglary in the dwelling house of William Ordage ? on the night of the 20th November at Birmingham. He was convicted of felony and burglary pursuant to the Act of Parliament.”
Jacob spent the next four years in jails and on hulks before boarding the Third Fleet ship “Salamander” among 160 male prisoners and sailing from Plymouth on 27th March 1791.

Jacob, on arrival, August 21st, 1791, was assigned to the Superintendent of Convicts at Parramatta. He worked on the preparation of ground and cultivation of crops. Three years later, 22nd March 1794. he was granted his freedom to remain in that district.
1794: 19th November, Jacob received Land Grant No. 265, a thirty acre block on the South Creek of the River Hawkesbury in the District of Mulgrave Place (Windsor). Lieut Govenor Francis Grose settled 40 emancipists there during that year. The rent was 1 shilling per year commencing after 10 years.
James Ruse who farmed that one and a half acres received the first land grant in NSW in 1791, was Jacob’s neighbour.
1799: 18th December, Governor Hunter issued Grant No. 915 of 30 acres to Jacob, this grant was also at South Creek, Mulgrave Place. Quote: “This allotment contains 25 acres purchased by Jacob Russell from Richard Podmore, a private in the NSW Corps and 5 acres of high land granted to him to build on.”

Denis Pember on 16th March, 2016 wrote:

Around 1795, Jacob commenced a long term relationship with Eleanor Davis (Convict, Mary Ann, 1791). Eleanor was actually married to Alexander Seaton (Convict, Scarborough, 1790), they had married in 1791, but had then become estranged. Alexander then in the 46th Regiment and went to Van Diemens Land with them.
Eleanor and Jacob had 4 children between 1796 and 1805.
Then in October 1817, Alexander Seaton was killed at Herdsman’s Cove in Van Diemens Land and subsequently, Eleanor married Jacob May 30 1818.  However, Eleanor only lived a few more years and died in 1824.
On June 20th 1825, Jacob remarried, Jane Shaw (Convict, Almorah, 1823).

1828 Census:
Page 326…
[Ref R1598] Russell, Jacob, 60, free by servitude, Salamander, 1791, 7 years, Protestant, farmer, Evan, 25 acres, all cleared and cultivated, 2 horses, 4 horned cattle.
[Ref R1599] Russell, Jane 25, government servant, Almorrah, 1823, 7 years, Protestant.

Carolyn Nock on 27th August, 2016 wrote:

Jacob Russell married Jane Shaw 7 May, 1825 (BDMs-NSW Reg. No.3587/1825

Maureen Withey on 28th April, 2020 wrote:

National Archives.
HO 47/6/91 1787 Mar 31
Certificate/memorial of John Heath on prisoners capitally convicted on the ‘last’ Midland Circuit (exceptions listed), but ‘some favourable Circumstances’ appeared on/after their trial and now recommended to mercy on the conditions set against their names:
Warwickshire Lent Assizes at Warwick.
Richard Frinchett, Jacob Russell and James Royal Loome, for burglary;  Recommendation: 7 years transportation.

Convict Changes History

susi bertei on 7th September, 2014 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1760 (prev. 0000)

Bob Hogan on 31st January, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 15th August, 1761 (prev. 1760), date of death: 4th November, 1856 (prev. 0000), gender: m

Denis Pember on 16th March, 2016 made the following changes:


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