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James Smith

James Smith, one of 224 convicts transported on the Isabella, 22 November 1831

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Smith
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1804
Occupation: Butcher
Date of Death: 15th April, 1878
Age: 74 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Pocket picking
Convicted at: Devon Assizes
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Isabella
Departure date: 22nd November, 1831
Arrival date: 15th March, 1832
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 224 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 234
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Jennifer Cronin on 17th February, 2014 wrote:

I would like to know where he was from?

D Wong on 17th February, 2014 wrote:

James Smith was 26 years old when convicted.
He was a widower with 1 daughter at Devonshire.

James was the son of William Smith and Elizabeth (Lawrence) Smith and was born at Chepstow, Monmouthshire and baptised on 16/9/1804 at St Peter, Woking, England.

James was a Butcher/Stockman/Groom and was 5’5 1/2” tall.

5/7/1832: Assigned to Charles Boydale, Hunter River.

30/5/1838: TOL Maitland.

30/6/1836: Married Jane Hancock at Paterson, they had 15 children.

James died at Whitfield, Upper Allynbrook River.

Phil Hands on 25th September, 2017 wrote:

Tried and convicted at the Devon Assizes at Exeter on 30th March 1830 for Pocket-picking, sentenced to transportation for 14 years.
Left England on 27th November 1831.
Ship:- the ‘Isabella’ sailed with 224 male convicts on board, there were no reported deaths during the voyage.
Arrived on 15th March 1832.

James was a Butcher/Stockman/Groom and was 5 feet 5 1/2 inch tall.
On 5th July 1832: Assigned to Charles Boydale in the Hunter River District.

Married free settler Jane Hancock on 30th June 1836 at Paterson, NSW, they had 14 children between 1837-1869.
Jane had arrived with her parents and 3 sibblings on the ‘Lavinia’ in 1832.

On 30th May 1838 James received his Ticket Of Leave, Maitland.

James died on 15th April 1878 at Whitfield, Upper Allynbrook River, NSW age 74.
Jane died on 26th October 1900 at Whitfield, Upper Allynbrook River, NSW age 81.

Nicola Jones on 9th February, 2020 wrote:

James’s wife Elizabeth nee Hancock was my 1st cousin, 5 times removed. When they applied to marry, she was described as ‘free’ whereas his record says ‘bond’ in that he had been transported. He says he is 29 but was probably older, she was 16 when they wed. He also says he is a widower, which may or may not be true! I’ve seen the dates on Ancestry for his dob in Chepstow and a baptism in Surrey but I don’t see any evidence that these are for this James Smith. He was tried for pick pocketing in Devon. One record suggests he was from Chipstable in Somerset. Cannot find his first marriage.

Convict Changes History

Glênn Smîth on 2nd May, 2013 made the following changes:

gender, occupation, crime

Jennifer Cronin on 17th February, 2014 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1806 (prev. 0000), date of death: 15th April, 1878 (prev. 0000)

D Wong on 17th February, 2014 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1804 (prev. 1806)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au