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Isaac Solomon

Isaac Solomon, one of 166 convicts transported on the William Glen Anderson, 31 May 1831

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Isaac Solomon
Aliases: Ikey Solomon, Isaac Slowman, Isaac Solomons
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1783
Occupation: Dealer
Date of Death: 1st September, 1850
Age: 67 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Stealing a watch
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Florentia
Departure date: 14th August, 1827
Arrival date: 3rd January, 1828
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 172 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 91 (48). trove.com.au Old Bailey - court trials 1810, 1830. Australian Dictionery of Biography - anu.edu.au Tasmanian Archives - Convicts
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Carol Axton-Thompson on 17th November, 2012 wrote:

Isaac (k/a Ikey) Solomon tried and found guilty of receiving stolen goods, at CCC Middlesex 8 Jul 1830.14 yr sentence.  Also convicted on the same charge was Moses Joseph (to NSW). Isaac was well known to authorities as a “fence and receiver” and had been tried and sentenced some 20yrs earlier, but escaped from a ‘hulk’ and left the country.
Isaac was transported on the ‘William Glen Anderson’. Ship’s Master: Jas Fawthrop. Ship’s Surgeon: Chas Inches.
Arrvied van Diemen’s Land 01/11/1831.

Isaac was aged 47yrs on arrival; a Jew; 5’9”; reads & writes; hazel eyes; black hair. Married man - his wife Ann Solomon had already been transported to Van Diemens Land (for receiving) and brought their 4 younger children - 2 older children also came out to settle.
Native Place: Aldgate, London.

Isaac (Ikey) was such a notorious criminal that the fictional character of “Fagan” was based on his life story.

Carol Axton-Thompson on 18th November, 2012 wrote:

Isaac (Ikey) Solomon was a notorious English criminal running many schemes, pawn shop, dealer, jeweller in London. He was the son of Henry Solomon (also known to the law) and came from a family of 9 in Gravel Lane, Hounditch.
Isaac married Ann (or Hannah) Julian at the Great Synagogue, Dukes Place, London 07/01/1807.
In 1810 Isaac was charged with pick pocketing (with Joel Joseph) and sentenced to transportation but was sent to ‘Zetland’ Hulk for 3/4 years. He somehow got off the rest of his sentence and returned to London to continue business as a fence and achieved notoriety.
He was arrested again 25/04/1827 for theft and receiving. Committed for trial and held in Newgate Prison. En route he escaped from the coach (said to have been driven by his father-in-law)at a prearranged place and he escaped through the many narrow lanes and houses of that part of London. He fled the country, first to Denmark and then America. A reward was offered for his recapture. Apparently he had requested his wife Ann to purchase and sell watches to raise money, but she was caught with them and she herself sentenced - to Van Diemens Land (see separate convict details on Ann or Hannah Solomon/Solomons). There were 6 children, two older boys John & Moses and 4 younger children, Ann and Sarah and David and Mark.  The four younger children accompanied their mother to VDL.
He is also said to have had a separate home in London, with a mistress.
Solomon moved to Rio de Janeiro from where he sailed on the ‘Coronet’ to Hobart to be with his family (he did this under the name “Slowman”). However in Hobart he was soon recognised (many of his old colleague criminals were of course there!) and the authorities tried to have him either sent back to England to stand trial or be put in prison here. Legal technicalities kept him a free man in Hobart, for the time being. He bought real estate and opened a tobacco shop in Elizabeth St. Hobart. He applied to have his wife Ann assigned to him and after agreeing to a Bond not to escape the colony, Lt. Gov. Arthur released Ann to him.
There were many family quarrels and Ann was removed and placed in the Cascade Female Factory.Her daughter Ann petitioned for her released and she went to her daughter’s care in 1835.
Gov. Arthur finnally issued a warrant, under his own name, and had Solomon placed on the ‘Prince Regent’, bound for England. There was an outcry both in Sydney and Hobart as the Governor had failed to abide by habeus corpus. (Many articles in newspapers.)
Solomon was then tried at the Old Bailey in June 1830 on 8 chgs of receiving stolen goods and found guilty on 2chgs. Sentenced to transportation for 14 years (he requested to come back to Van Diemens Land). His trial caused a sensation in London. He arrived back in Hobart on the ‘William Glen Anderson’ 30/11/1830 and sent to Richmond Gaol. In 1832 he became a Javelin Man (gaol guard) there.
19/11/1832: Javelin Man - abusive language to Mr. Buscombe and insolent and disorderly conduct. Imprisoned at Richmond Gaol 6 weeks and at same time attend to his duty as Javelin Man.
05/12/1832: Javelin Man - misconduct in preferring false and malicious charges against Mr. McN….. conveyed in a letter to the Sherriff - to be imprisoned at Richmond Gaol 1mth but at same time to do Javelin Man duties.
In 1833/34 he was transferred to Port Arthur Penal Settlement.
03/07/1835: Drunkenness and violent condition towards his family on Sunday and several times during the last 10 days - equal blame existing on the part of Solomon and his family. They were admonished upon a repetition of such conduct between both parties will be punished.
18/02/1836: Making use of obscene language to Reuben Joseph in the presence of many respectful females. Severely reprimanded and an apology to be made to Mr. Joseph.

Isaac then lived apart from his wife and family and went to New Norfolk remaining there until 1838. He then moved back, to New Town and was there in 1840.

Isaac received a Conditional Pardon, no. 2397 on 27/05/1840 and a Free Certificate no. 705 in 1844.

Isaac died at the beginning of September 1850 and was buried 03/09/1850 in the Jewish Cemetery in Harrington St. Hobart. (The Cemetery was subsequently closed, headstones removed and a building is now on the site.)

Isaac’s son John (b.1808 London)moved from Van Diemens Land in 1834 for Sydney where he married Elizabeth Harris in Sydney in 1856 and they had 9 children. He was a merchant, land owner, publican and gold dealer.

Such was the life of Isaac (Ikey) Solomon that he is said to be the character that Charles Dickens based ‘Fagan’ on for this book Oliver Twist. He is also the character “Ikey” in ‘The Potatoe Factory’ by Bryce Courtney. The ‘First Fagan’ by Judith Sackville-O’Donnell and ‘Prince of Fences’ Life and Crimes of Ikey Solomon by JJ Tobias. The film released in Australia in 2012 ‘The First Fagan’ is also based on his story. Truely a memorable character and convict.

Convict Changes History

Carol Axton-Thompson on 17th November, 2012 made the following changes:

source, alias1, date of birth 1783, gender, occupation, crime

Carol Axton-Thompson on 18th November, 2012 made the following changes:

alias2, alias3

Carol Axton-Thompson on 18th November, 2012 made the following changes:

source, date of death September, 1850

charles on 17th September, 2014 made the following changes:

voyage, date of death: 1st September, 1850 (prev. September, 1850), crime

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