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Lewis Solomon, one of 278 convicts transported on the Admiral Gambier and Eolus [Aeolus], July 1808
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 55 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to 7 years
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 409 (204)
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Phil Hands on 3rd April, 2017 wrote:
Lewis was tried and convicted at the Old Bailey on 19th February 1806 for breaking and entering a dwelling house and stealing a plated milk pot, value 20 shillings, he was sentenced to death, this was commuted to transportation for life (he was 14 years old).
Left England on 2nd July 1808.
Ship:- the ‘Admiral Gambier’ sailed with 200 male convicts on board of which 3 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 20th December 1808.
Married convict Mary Linnegar (‘Lord Wellington’ 1820) on 5th October 1820 at Parramatta, they had 2 children.
Citation details: No 760
Lewis Solomon, prisoner age 29 per Admiral Gambier of the parish of Sydney and Mary Linegan prisoner age 21 Ld. Wellington, of Parramatta were married in this church by banns this 5th day of Oct 1820 by me George Middleton.
Lewis and Mary both made their X marks in the register in the presence of Joseph Beg(?) who signed the register and Mary Smith who made her X mark.
Lewis was a man of some renown in the colony. He featured as a witnesses in two very high profile murder trials in his area.
One trial was the trial of George Worrall for the murder of Frederick Fisher in 1826. At the trial Lewis gave his opinion of a receipt produced by Worrall, purported in Fisher’s handwriting, as being a forgery.
A year earlier he gave evidence as to another murder. He worked as a carpenter and undertaker, and was called on to inter the deceased, John Brackfield, of South Creek. His suspicions were excited by Eliza Campbell refusing to put the shroud on the corpse; when he insisted on her doing it, she turned pale, and trembled very much; said to constable, “that woman’s guilty.”
The court case Solomon v. Talbot details how Lewis came into possession of land on the Liverpool Road at Bankstown. When Thomas Coll was a publican at Liverpool he was owned a deal of money by a Mr Donnelly. In exchange for forgiving the debt they agreed that Donnelly would sign a deed transferring the land to Mr Coll, on the understanding that Mr Donnelly would live on the land until he died. Mr Donnelly’s house burnt down and he moved to Sydney for some time. After moving there he signed a will making the land over the Mr Talbot. In the meantime Thomas Coll died and the property was willed to his wife Sarah. Sarah then married Lewis Solomon (who was also an executor of Thomas Coll’s will) and they built a house on it and put up a fence. One day Talbot came back claiming to own the land (Donnelly having died) and pushed the fence over with his dray. He then ‘assaulted the plaintiff by inflicting a severe wound on his head with a large stick’. The court found that the original deed was good and that Talbot had committed trespass and assault. The court awarded Lewis ten pound in damages.
Mary died in 1832 at Campbelltown.
Lewis the married Sarah Burgess (daughter of convicts John Burgess, ‘Royal Admiral’ 1792 & Ann Daniels, ‘Indispensible’ 1796) in 1832 at Campbelltown.
In 1836 Solomon was tried and convict of stealing a horse valued at 20 pounds, he was sentenced to transportation for life.
The Australia (Sydney) Tuesday 10th May 1836 p. 3
Lewis Solomon was indicted for stealing a horse, the property of james Smith, at Kemp’s Creek, near Penrith, on the 9th of December last.
It appeared in evidence, that about a twelvemonth back Mrs. James Smith lost a chestnut horse with a long tail, white mark down the face, and branded JS on the off side under the saddle, which after some time her advertised in the public journals, but could get no tidings of. When lost, the horse was three years old. Some time after this the horse was put into the pound at Kemp’s Creek, and the pound keeper advertised in the Government Gazette, describing the brand as being LS, which it would pass for the J being reversed in the brand; Mr James Smith saw the advertisement, and called on the pound keeper who informed him that the prisoner had paid the fees, and taken the horse away; upon which he called at the prisoner’s house, saw the horse, which had its tail cut and was broke in, and immediately obtained a warrant against the prisoner. In his defence the prisoner called on a witness, who swore that the prisoner had such a horse as the one claimed by Smith, which he had lost, but it was evident that the Jury could not believe him.
The Jury retired for about half an hour, and returned a verdict of guilty. Sentenced to be transported for life.
Lewis was sent to Norfolk Island.
Citation details: 1836 Gaol arrival no. 360
Lewis Solomon, arrived aboard ship ‘Hope’, born 1793, 5 feet 4 and a half inches tall, ruddy complexion, sandy hair and hazel eyes.
In 1845 Lewis Solomon wrote asking for mercy. He had no punishments recorded during his time on the island. He was ‘a steady man but old,’ a ‘rough carpenter, not strong, elderly.’ He was allowed to return to Sydney from Norfolk Island after serving only 5 years of his sentence.”
Old Bailey Trial Transcription.
Reference Number: t18060219-24
152. LEWIS SOLOMON was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Edward Benyon , about the hour of eight at night on the 5th of February , and burglariously stealing therein a plated milk pot, value 20 s. the property of Edward Benyon .
EDWARD BENYON , junior, sworn. I am with my father; he is a hardwareman . On Wednesday the 5th of February, about eight o’clock in the evening, I was in the back part of our shop, I was alarmed by the violent breaking of a pane of glass; I immediately run out into the street, I found that one of our panes was broke, and I missed the article mentioned in the indictment.
Q. What was it. - A. A plated milk pot. As I was standing there to prevent any thing else from being taken away, a gentleman who is here, brought the prisoner back with the milk pot in this here (producing it) glove; it is a double glove, and seems very well adapted for the purpose.
Q. He was brought into your shop. - A. Yes; it was not a cold day; it is not likely that a boy like him would wear a glove like that; I found the glove on the counter after the constable had taken him away.
Q. It is two woollen gloves put together, one within the other. - A. Yes; I knew the milk pot to be our property, it has our private mark upon it.
- BYNG sworn. I was going by Mr. Benyon’s window on the opposite side; I heard the glass break; I turned round my head to the window, and saw the boy run off; he ran from Fenchurch-street; I pursued him for curiosity, I did not know what he had taken out of the window; I got hold of him shortly after, and when I laid hold of him he dropped the cream jug from under his coat or out of his hand, I am not sure which; I collared him and took him back, I held him with one hand and the milk pot with the other, and took him into Mr. Benyon’s shop; I asked Mr. Benyon if he knew the milk pot to be his; he said he did. He took him into the shop.
Prisoner’s Defence. When he catched hold of me, he says, where is that milk pot; there was a mob came round me, and the milk pot was chucked on the ground, and the gentleman picked it up directly. I am not guilty of the crime, you may depend upon it: I do not know any thing of it at all; I never did such a crime in my life; I hope you will give me hardly any punishment.
JOHN LACEY HAWKINS sworn. I am a constable, I produce the milk pot. I was standing about there; I saw two or three people about the window; while I was asking them what was the matter the boy was brought back, and Mr. Benyon gave me charge of him.
Q.(to prosecutor) Now Mr. Benyon look at the pot. - A. It is my father’s milk pot, it has our private mark on it.
GUILTY - DEATH , aged 14.
[The prisoner was recommended to mercy by the jury, on account of his youth.]
London Jury, before Mr. Recorder.
Convict Changes History
Phil Hands on 3rd April, 2017 made the following changes:
convicted at, date of birth: 1791 (prev. 0000), occupation, crime