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Stephen Stubberfield

Stephen Stubberfield, one of 180 convicts transported on the Claudine, 19 August 1829

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Stephen Stubberfield
Aliases: Stuberfield
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1794
Occupation: Labourer
Date of Death: 8th February, 1831
Age: 37 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Charged with an offence against the crown (smuggling)
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Claudine
Departure date: 19th August, 1829
Arrival date: 6th December, 1829
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 179 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/7, Page Number 172
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Theresa Kiff on 2nd June, 2016 wrote:

1. Evidence for Trial, 2 Feb 1828. Sussex to wit-The Voluntary Examination and Information of Charles Longhurst ,late of the Parish of Bexhill, in the County of Sussex. Taken on oath this 2nd Day of February 1828. Before me Frederick North one of his Majesty`s Justices of the Peace for the said County-

Who Saith that on the Evening of the Thursday in the beginning of the month of January last, on the first Thursday in the month, about the hour of six or between six and seven, Thomas Waters of Hastings, Bricklayer and James Bennett of Bexhill, Bricklayer, came to his House at Holliers Hill in Bexhill, and wished Deponent to get them a few hands to be employed to carry smuggled goods, and to be at the Corner of a Lane against Stephen Stubberfield’s by 11 o`clock that night. That there were in this Deponents house besides himself and the said Thomas Waters and James Bennett, this Deponents Father and wife, but they did not hear the conversation, that he promised to get them the Men about 10 or 12 in number, he believes, but he is not sure. That this Deponent went out and engaged Thomas Miller of Bexhill,Labourer, the person now in Custody, Henry Miller of Barnhorn in Bexhill, Labourer, John Spray of Barnhorn.Labourer. James Brazier of Bexhill, Labourer, William Shoesmith of Sidley Green ,in Bexhill,Labourer—Thomas Smith of Sidley Green, in Bexhill, Labourer, John Fryman of Sidley Green, in Bexhill, Labourer, John Shoesmith of Bexhill, Labourer, Edward Shoesmith of Bexhill, Labourer, Edward Cossum of Bexhill, Labourer, Samuel Stubberfield of Bexhill, Labourer, William Bennett of Bexhill, Labourer the person now in custody-James Foord of Ninfield in the County of Sussex, Labourer was there but he, this Deponent did not engage him. That this Deponent, and other persons named, met at the hour of 11 the same Evening at the corner of the Lane against Stephen Stubberfield`s house near Sidley Green, and this Deponent also met there fifty persons and upwards—but he cannot be certain how many—That there were about 24 or 25 with Bats=long Bats, that he saw no guns or Fire arms of any kind amongst them. That amongst those who carried Bats he saw George Whiteman of Rye, Labourer, and Spencer Whiteman, who lives either at Rye or Guestling, who each had a Bat and stood with the other Bar Men apart by themselves,—That this Deponent spoke to the said George Whiteman, and he also saw Thomas Underdown of Rye, formerly a Mariner- and Also Thomas Waters of Hastings, the person before named—and also James Bennett the person before named, neither of which three last mentioned persons had Bats—That the said Thomas Underdown acted as Master of the Men employed to carry Tubs, and an argument arose about going forward between the said Thomas Underdown and the said George Whiteman, and the said Thomas Underdown said “he was Master and intended so to be”. That the said George Whiteman appeared to be the foreman of the Bat Men and kept them in order, and the said Thomas Underdown ordered him to look after his men. That about 12 o`clock, or nearly, they all started to go down to the Place where the Boat was to work, which was at Lord`s house in Bexhill aforesaid, at the bottom of the Field called the Forty acres—That the said Thomas Underdown walked first and led the way, the whole party followed. The Men who were to carry Tubs, following the Bat Men, and keeping distinct from them as far as he could see. That they first went into a Field of Mr Larkin’s, then across another field of his, then another of his, and then across a piece of wheat of Mr Arthur Brooks, then crossed the road leading from Bexhill to Sidley Green.. That they then crossed the bottom of the Malthouse Field belonging to the Church Farm, then across the 8 acre piece, and then another piece, the crossed the Road leading from Bexhill to Hastings and then down the William Field belonging to Mr Arthur Brook and the Malthouse Field belonging to his Home Farm and Butters Lane and across the Honehorse`s Flat, and the Well Field into the eight and twenty acres, and then down to the sea. That this Deponent there, that is to say, in the eight and twenty acres left them, and Thomas Miller, Henry Miller, John Spray, James Brazier,William Shoesmith, Thomas Smith, John Fryman,John Shoesmith, Edward Shoesmith, William Bennett, James Foord, Thomas Underdown, George Whiteman, Spencer Whiteman, Thomas Waters—all went down to the Sea, but this Deponent and the before named Edward Cossum, Samuel Stubberfield and James Bennett all remained behind in the 28 acres—-That the 28 acres adjoins the Field called the 40 acres—That this Deponent then went up into the Pleasure house alone, and it being a very clear moonlight night, he saw a Lug Sail Boat come in towards the Shore at Lord`s house, and stand close in, and in about 2 Minutes after he heard a firing which came from near the Point at the forty acres. That from the time this Deponent left the company until the firing took place was about 20 minutes, or ir might be half an hour. That this Deponent then went into Bexhill Street and spoke to James Bennett a few minutes, and continued there till the first party of people came up, about 4 or 5 people carrying half anker casks. That this Deponent walked with the said persons as far as the place where the 4 carts were standing, just past his, this Deponents house, in the Road leading from Bexhill to Sidley Green- That the Tubs or Casks which the men were carrying were put into the Carts. That the Cart belonging to Thomas Underdown was one of them. That this Deponent continued there, while several other persons came up with Tubs and amongst them, the before named John Spray who carried 2 Tubs- That he also observed the before named Thomas Underdown and Thomas Waters coming up with the people. That he saw the Cart of the said Thomas Underdown filled with tubs, and the said Thomas Underdown and another person with him, got into the Cart and drove off very fast tpward sidley Green—That this Deponent then went on towards Sidley Green with the said Thomas Waters, and as they were walking they heard firing behind them- That this Deponent and Thomas Waters went to the house of one Thomas Shoesmith near Cobbs Hill in the said Parish of Bexhill—That while they were going over the top of Sidley Green they heard firing near My Cramp`s house—That two of the Carts which Deponent had seen standing in the Road came after him driving very fast towards Ninfield, but he did not see the Cart of the said James Foord. That from the house of the said Thomas Shoesmith this Deponent the next morning went home—That the next Evening, Friday, about 7 o`clock this Deponent was in company with the said Thomas Undedown, George Whiteman and Thomas Waters at the Bell Public House in Bexhill, and they said they believed there was a Seaman of the Blockade killed—and laughed at this Deponent becase he went back—On the Sunday morning following, he heard the said John Fryman say that he got a slight wound on the thigh or hip in the 28 acres on the Night that the Man of the Coast Blockade was killed. That Thomas Waters paid this Deponent on the Monday Evening following, he believes in the Tradesman`s Room at the Bell Public House, in the presence ot the said Thomas Underdown 10 shillings for getting the people, and also 13 shillings for work done for him, the said Thomas Waters- That the said Thomas Waters gave the said James Bennett 12 Pound to pay the Men who carried the Tubs. That on the Monday Evening following, he this Deponent saw the said James Bennett pay the said John Fryman, John Shoesmith-and William Shoesmith and some others & Thomas Smith 10 shillings each for carrying goods on the Night of the Thursday previous,
Charles Longhurst says that Thomas Underdown of Rye Mariner-George Whiteman of Rye Labourer, and Spencer Whiteman
Thomas Waters of Hastings, Bricklayer came to my House and James Bennett of Bexhill Mariner, together about 6 o`clock in the Evening before Collin`s was killed-and said that they wanted me to get them a few hands-who were to be at the corner of a Lane agst Stephen Stubberfields, near Sibley Green at 11 o`c;ock - he said a Baot would be ashire at Lords house, the time began at one o`clock-I had got men before for him-theyu wer to be people to carry the goods-There were my Wife and Father but they did not see them-they were below. Waters spoke -I promised to get then- I went and engaged 10 or 12 persons-James Brazier-Labourer,Edwd Cossum Labourer-he went back,Sam Stubberfield went, but turned back before they came to the Sea - Wlm Shoesmith Sidley Green Labourer-John Shoesmith , his brother Sidley Green Labourer, Edwd Shoesmith brother BexhillLabourer-John Spray of Barnham Labourer-Henry Miller of Barnham Labourer-Thos Smith of Sidley Green Labourer,John FRyman of Bexhill Labourer also-I did not know there were to be Bat Men there.
At the Corner of the Lane agst Stephen Stubberfileds about 1/2 a mile or 3/4 Mile from Sidley Green at 11 o`clock-Edwd Cossum,James Brazier,Sam Stubberfield,Willm,Jms & Edwd Shoesmith,Jhn Spray, Henry Miller,Ths Smith.,Ths Underdown was there, he was the principal Man. George Whiteman,Spencer Whiteman sere there, they arrived before me.
There were a quantity of Men with Bats-who stood in front of us,sho`d think about 25-Bats long-some of different kinds. I saw no fire arms, the wo`ld not permit any persons to go amongst them. Underdown had no Bat-George & Spencer Whiteman had each a Bat-I saw them amongst them =There were about 50 persons to carry Tubs, some I did not know.
Underdown acted as principal-Bat Men first-we went across Mr Larkins Field first across an`th Field of his and then another-& then an`th, thn across the bottom of a wheatfield of Mr Brooks & across Mr Brooks Malthouse Field at the Church Farm and across an`th Field of Mr Brooks adjoining the Road & down the William Field across Mr Brooks Malthouse Field at his home house & then crosses Butlers Lane & into a Green Pasture Field of Mr Brooks & across the Well Field into the 28 acres-Then right down to the Sea-All the Bat Men, Underdown,Whiteman, and all the Men before named, except Edwd Cossum & Sam Stubberfield went with them—I continued in the Pleasuer House Field on my way home.I saw a Lug Sail Boat—stand in off Lord`s house about 1.I suppose-John Bennett was thge Master of the Boat =I believe-I saw nothing more. I saw firing in a few minutes of the boat come in. abt 2o minutes after I left then going down when the firing took place-When the firing began I walked away-I ran away-I was afraid to go further-I had never been down to the Shore.
I went home, I got home, my house is about half way between Bexhill & Sidley Green. My wife & father they knew where I had been. After I got home I heard firing - I stood at the Bed Room Window and saw THs Underdown in front, he had on a long Frostian? Jacket-light colour-he was on foot- I saw a good many Bat Men-more than 20 with Bats——-walking quickly, sometimes running- A nukber of people came after with Tubs-some carried1 X 2, 50 carrying Tubs or upwrds-= The Carts were standing a llittle further on above my house, 4 Carts , I lean`d out of the window & saw Underdown get into his Cart, Damon? colour with Springs.saw Tubs put in full up above the sides of the Cart. I think Geo Whiteman got in with him, but am not sure-I saw him drive off very rapidly- I saw all the Carts loaded-==I saw Underdown the next day at the Bell abt 7 o`clock,Geo Whiteman-Ths Waters. They said they believed ther was a Man of the Coast Blockade killed-they laughed at me because I went back-Jas Bennett paid the men-10/- a Man-I was paid 10/- by Thos Underdown & Waters.Waters gave me the Money-This was the Sunday Ev`g, following on the Sunday Ev`g following in the Tradesman`s Room at the Bell =George Whiteman was the head Man of the Bat Men -I heard FRyman say he was touched wityh a Ball, this was at the Bell Tap Room , in the 28 acres he said it happened-I am sure the Company never went into the Sea Lane. Ths Miller was one whom I engaged, he went downto the Sea, I saw him next day, he said he————
John Bennett was not amongst, I am sure he was not.
Wlm Bennett was one whom I had engaged=he went down to the Sea=I saw Jas Bennett pay him-Jas Stubberfield I did not see, I do not believe he was there-I am firmly persuaded of it-I never knew he smuggles-he never went down to the Sea-Jas Foord was there, I didn`t engage him,he went down to the sea = I don`t know whether he had a Cart or not. He did not have a Bat. Waters acted as foreman = I think if Guns were used they were taken from the Blockade people.
Robert Stubberfield of Little Common was there. I hired him
Stephen Stubberfield of Bexhill near Sidley Greed abt 1/2 mile I left him under Mr Brooks Wheat /Stack =before they-we left too
John Wilson Belly Hill Labourer I didn`t engage him Nephew of Jms
William Wilson lives over the Down in a low Cottage -tailor works at Gun-Ho -returnd woith Jas Stubberfield
Jas Firth—-labourer went down
James Bean, Belly hill Bexhill Labourer engaged him, he returned=they went forward
Robert Carey Bexhill Labourer I hired him-he returned
Wlm Stubberfield son of Jas Stubberfield returned Bexhill Labourer

That Charles Longhurst
Sworn before me at Hastings in the said County the 2nd day of February 1828
Fredk North.

Sussex to wit—The before named Charles Longhurst being voluntarily examined Maketh oath and Saith that the whole of the pregoing Statement and Desposition is correct and true in every respect, and that upon recollection, he is positive that besides the persons before named there were present at the place of Meeting at the Lane near the House of the Stephen Stubberfield in company with the party of Bat Men on the night before metioned. Robert Stubberfield of Bexhill, Labourer, Stoehen Stubberfield of Bexhill aforesaid Labourer, John Wilson of Bexhill aforesaid Labourer, William Wilson of Bexhill aforesaid Tailor, James Frith of Bexhill aforesaid Labourer,James Bean of Bexhill aforesaid Labourer, Robert Carey of Bexhill aforesaid Labourer, and William Stubberfield of Bexhill aforesaid Labourer=all of whom this Deponent engaged except Stephen Stubberfield, William ??? and James B???. and that all the said persons went with the said Company and the Bat Men, down to the Field called the 28 acres near the Sea, for the purpose of assisting and carrying away the Smuggled goods which were to be landed that night. And this Deponent further Saith that the said Robert Stubberfield, John Wilson, and James B?? all went forward with the said company, and the armed men from the said Field called the 28 acres towards the Sea Shore, but this Deponent verily believes that the said Stephen Stubberfield, William Wilson, James Bean, Robert Carey and William Stubberfield all left the said Company before they got down to the Sea Coast==Charles Longhurst
Sworn by the above names Charles longhurst at Hastings aforesaid on the 4th day of January 1828
Fredk North

Recd the 9th Febry 1828 into his Majesty`s
Gaol at Hostham, the Bodies of Spencer Whiteman, Thomas Miller, Henry Miller, John Spray, Edward Shoesmith, William Bennett and James Foord, by the hand and delivery of Lieut.Charles Wright—=
John Smart


2. Statement of Spencer Whiteman. Spencer Whiteman=says=at Eastbourne there were 4 Batmen
William Daniels of Rye Seaman, lives in Town, had Musket or Pistol
James Care of Rye Mariner, Bargeman
John Russell called Cassask
Thos Maynard=I saw
—-Cuthbert carried pistols
Bexhill-I saw Jas Care give the Blow-he came up tp me afterwards. I took up a pair of Tubs in Mr Brooks Yard and saw he had given
Fred Daniels & Wlm Daniles were both at Bexhill with
I said there were 4 Muskets carried at Eastbourne. I took 4 Muskets out of Maynards house and put them into a Sack in the waggon-and-were not quite a hundred Tubs when we counted them= The Bats were put in the Waggon 10 or 12 or more. We had some Beer at the Lodge, I think it was. The Bats were taken out of the Waggon
as house————-between there and Eastbourne
we got the other side of the Gate, we took the arms out =The Muskets were carried to Cuthbert`s house
Maynards house the Wheelwright in a Jack—the Bats were left -The Tubs were carried with Straw-
Made no stop at Hailsham =we stopped at a public Ho- They were counted on the Road out of the Waggon = and carried into a wood. I went into Maynards house, put the Muskets in the Stable place just beside his house in the Manger- never saw the Bats put away, was paid by Cuthbert & Maynard for that nights work =were all paid 30/- the Batmen =
2 women served them with Beer at a Public house - I was employed by Maynard & Cuth bert =started from Ninfields 10 or 12 together at eh Public House we all met, the whole Company =All the before mentioned Batmen went down to the Steps =Muskets were similar to those used by the Blockade

3. Trial, 1828, Old Court. OLD COURT First Day Fourth Session 1828

Before Lord Chief Justice Tenterden

795.WILLIAN BENNETT, JAMES FOORD, THOMAS MAYNARD, THOMAS MILLER, WILLIAM PLUMB, JOHN SPRAY, and SPENCER WHITEMAN were indicted for that they, and other divers evil-disposed persons to the number of three and more (to wit) to the number of seventy, whose names are as yet unknown, heretofore (to wit) on the 23rd day of January, in Eastbourne, in the County of Sussex (to wit) at Westminster, in Middlesex, being then and there armed with fire-arms and other offensive weapons (to wit) with guns, blunderbuses, pistols, bludgeons, bats, clubs, staves and hedgestakes, unlawfully and felionously did assemble themselves, and were then and there unlawfully and felionously assembled in order to be aiding and assisting in the illegal landing, running, and carrying away of uncustomed goods, and goods liable to pay certain duties of Customs, which had not then been paid or secured, that is to say, two hundred gallons of foreign brandy, and two hundred gallons of foreign Geneva; against the Statute.
Second Count, the same as the first, only omitting the words printed in italics, and substituting the following,
“were aiding and assisting” in the illegal landing , running, &c.
FOORD pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 48
PLUMB pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 25
SPRAY pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 28

796,WILLIAM BENNETT, JAMES FOORD, HENRY MILLER, THOMAS MILLER, EDWARD SHOESMITH, JOHN SPRAY, STEPHEN STUBBERFIELD,AND SPENCER WHITEMAN were indicted for that they, and divers other evil-disposed persons, to the number of three and more(to wit) to the number of eighty, whose names are as yet unknown, heretofore (to wit) on the 8th day of January, at Bexhill, in the County of Surrey (to wit) at Westminster, in the County of Middlesex, being then and there armed with fire-arms and other offensive weapons (to wit) with guns, blunderbusses, pistols, bludgeons, bats, clubs, staves and hedgestakes, unlawfully and feloniously did assemble themselves, and were then and there unlawfully and feloniously assembles, in order to be aiding and assisting in the illegal landing, running and carrying away of certain uncustomed goods, and goods liable to pay certain duties of Customs, which had not been paid or secured, that is to say, three hundred gallons of foreign brandy, and three hundred gallons of foreign Geneva; against the statute.
Second Count. the same as the first, only instead of the words in italics, substituting the following “were aiding and assisting” in the illegal landing, running &c.
Bennet pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 20
Foord pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 48
H Miller pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 22
T Miller pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 20
Shoesmith pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 24
Spray pleaded GUILTY-DEATH Aged 28
Stubberfield pleaded GUILTY

D Wong on 22nd May, 2018 wrote:

Stephen Stubberfield lived in Boxhill, Sussex.  He was married with 4 children.

Occupations: Husbandman/steed carter/labourer.

Was in Newgate Gaol before transportation.

8/2/1831 Convict Death Register:
Stephen Stuberfield, aged 32, died at the Sydney Hospital.

12/2/1831 Sydney Gazette:
CORONER’S INQUEST. — An inquest was
held on Tuesday last, at the Woolpack inn, on the body of an assigned servant to Mr. Shepherd, a gardener at Darling Nursery Grounds. It appeared that Stephen Stubberfield, the young man in question, had gone to bathe on Sunday morning last, during Divine Service, in a large piece of water on the above estate ; and getting out of his
depth, not being able to swim, was unfortunately drowned, to which effect the jury returned a verdict.

Convict Changes History

Theresa Kiff on 2nd June, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1794 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime

D Wong on 22nd May, 2018 made the following changes:

date of death: 8th February, 1831 (prev. 0000)

D Wong on 22nd May, 2018 made the following changes:

alias1: Stuberfield, occupation

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au