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William Sykes

William Sykes, one of 254 convicts transported on the Norwood, 06 April 1867

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Sykes
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1827
Occupation: Forgeman
Date of Death: 4th January, 1891
Age: 64 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Manslaughter
Convicted at: Yorkshire. Assizes Leeds
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Norwood
Departure date: 6th April, 1867
Arrival date: 13th July, 1867
Place of arrival Western Australia
Passenger manifest Travelled with 254 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 93, Class and Piece Number HO11/19, Page Number 224
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Eric Harry Daly on 20th December, 2012 wrote:

William Sykes was born in Wentworth, near Rotherham, Yorkshire, England in 1827. As a member of a poor family, he received no formal education, and took on paid work from an early age. In 1851 he was recorded as unmarried and working as a coal-pit trammer. In 1853 Sykes married Myra Wilcock, and over the next ten years they had four children. He was later employed as a puddler.
On 10 October 1865, Sykes went poaching with a group of six other men. Evidence suggests that Sykes had often poached in the past, but he had never been caught before. On this night the men were challenged by a group of gamekeepers, and in making their escape Sykes and a number of other men assaulted one of the gamekeepers. The gamekeeper died from his injuries, and a reward was offered for information about the attack. Eventually, the Government offered a free pardon to anyone willing to give evidence, and this had the desired effect: one of the seven men, Robert Woodhouse, gave evidence against the other six. Four of the men, including Sykes, were found guilty of manslaughter, and sentenced to penal servitude. Sykes and another man received life sentences, and the other two men received sentences of twenty years.
Sykes served the first nine months of his sentence in solitary confinement at Wakefield prison. He was then transferred to Portsmouth prison, and on 2 April 1867 he boarded the Norwood for transportation to Western Australia. His brief diary of the voyage is extant.
The Norwood arrived at Fremantle, Western Australia on 13 July, and shortly afterwards Sykes was sent to Bunbury to work on the roads. He worked in the district for seven years. He is then believed to have been sent to Newcastle (now Toodyay) around October 1875. By 1877 he had gained his ticket of leave, and was registered to work in the Toodyay district. He apparently worked well until November 1879, but over the following three years his record indicates that he was often fined for drunkenness. In 1885 he received his conditional release.
Sykes spent the last few years of his life working on the railway from Clackline to Newcastle. Late in December 1890, he was found lying ill in his hut on the Clackline railway, and was removed to Newcastle Hospital. He died five days later on 4 January 1891, and was buried in a nameless grave.
William Sykes would presumably have remained a historically insignificant and uninteresting character, if not for the discovery in 1931 of a collection of letters written to him by his wife. The letters were found in a crevice during the demolition of old police buildings at Toodyay, and handed in to the Royal Western Australian Historical Society, which lodged them with the State Archives of Western Australia. Many years later, the social historian Alexandra Hasluck rediscovered the letters, and decided to research Sykes. The results of her research were published as her 1959 book Unwilling Emigrants.

Convict Changes History

Eric Harry Daly on 20th December, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 4th January, 1891, gender, occupation, crime

Eric Harry Daly on 20th December, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1827

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