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Hohepa Te Umuroa

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Hohepa Te Umuroa
Aliases: Te Umuroa
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1822
Occupation: Labourer
Date of Death: 19th July, 1847
Age: 25 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Charged with an offence against the crown (smuggling)
Convicted at: Wellington, New Zealand
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Castor
Departure date: 1846
Arrival date: 16th November, 1846
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 10 other convicts

References

Primary source: CON37/1/3 p766 CON16/1/3 p312 Tasmanian Archives
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Jay Stagpoole on 25th September, 2013 wrote:

Transported from New Zealand with four other Maori on the Castor arrived 16 Nov 1846

Jay Stagpoole on 25th September, 2013 wrote:

He recieved life for Rebellion and died on Maria Island

D Wong on 28th September, 2013 wrote:

In the wake of Te Umuroa’s death the acting Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen’s Land, C.J. La Trobe, and the Colonial Office questioned the legality of the original court martial. The transportation of the M?ori captives had been questioned by the Hobart press when the prisoners first arrived, and opposition to the punishment increased with Te Umuroa’s death. The four remaining prisoners were released and returned to Auckland in March 1848. Te Umuroa had a longer wait for his return. Six elders from his iwi accompanied his remains home from Tasmania in 1988. He was reburied on 8 August that year at Roma cemetery in Jerusalem, on the Whanganui River.

John L Mason on 14th March, 2018 wrote:

HOHEPA TE UMUROA
Maori Convict incarcerated to Hobart Tasmania for life with 5 others by Gov. Grey. Arrived on the Castor in 1846 and died 19th July 1847 of consumption.(tuberculosis)

Hohepa was the good friend of my grandfather Quaker Thomas Mason of “The Gums” in Lower Hutt area New Zealand). As a mark of respect to my grand mother who drove Hohepa out of the house when he arrived drunk for a meal Hohepa carried her and her groceries across the Hutt River. This broke the tradition of tapu and showed marked respect. When the Maori wars were about to begin my Grandfather(great× 5 generations) moved to Hobart Tasmania where he began a Quaker Children’s School. As part of his activities he would meet the convict ships and recognized Hohepa and his 4 friends descending the gang plank with Bible’s under their arms. They had been falsely accused and in incarcerated by Governor Grey for life to Port Arthur. Thomas approached the authorities and eventually obtained their release to Maria Island and subsequent repatriation to New Zealand. Unfortunately Hohepa died of consumption (TB) before his return. In 1988 6 Maori elders exhumed his bones and brought Hohepa back to Jerusalem on the Wanganui River in NZ.
Thomas arranged and paid for Hohepa’s original headstone still found on Maria Island today!
Photos of his NZ grave are available from me.
John L Mason (Taupo New Zealand)

Shelley Joyce on 28th April, 2019 wrote:

Te Umuroa was 25 when he died of tuberculosis on Maria Island, off the coast of Tasmania, in 1847.

He and six other warriors had travelled south to Porirua in 1846 to help Ngati Toa leader Rangihaeata resist European settlement. They were captured and accused of rebelling against the Queen’s authority. They were tried in an English-language court martial, and five were sent to an Australian penal colony.

Convict Changes History

Jay Stagpoole on 25th September, 2013 made the following changes:

convicted at, term years, voyage, source, firstname, surname, alias1, alias2, alias3, alias4, date of birth 0000, date of death 0000, gender, occupation, crime

Jay Stagpoole on 25th September, 2013 made the following changes:

date of death 19th January, 1847, occupation

Jay Stagpoole on 25th September, 2013 made the following changes:

term 99 years

Jay Stagpoole on 25th September, 2013 made the following changes:

source

Carol Axton-Thompson on 27th September, 2013 made the following changes:

voyage

D Wong on 28th September, 2013 made the following changes:

date of death 19th July, 1847

John L Mason on 14th March, 2018 made the following changes:

convicted at, crime

Shelley Joyce on 28th April, 2019 made the following changes:

alias1: Te Umuroa (prev. Te Unmroa), date of birth: 1822 (prev. 0000)

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