Hi Guest!
Contribute to this record

William Underwood

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Underwood
Aliases: Jacky Underwood
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1799
Occupation: Weaver/labourer
Date of Death: 1830
Age: 31 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 51 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Grand larceny
Convicted at: Antrim Court (Ireland)
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Daphne
Departure date: 28th May, 1819
Arrival date: 21st September, 1819
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 178 other convicts

References

Primary source: Indent and musters, Colonial Secretary NSW records , Biographical Database of Australia, Trove newspaper search, Sydney Gaol Entrance Books
Source description:

Did you find the person you were looking for?

If William Underwood was the person you were looking for, you may be able to discover more about them by looking at our resources page.

If you have more hunting to do, try a new search or browse the convict records.

Know more about William Underwood?

Contribute to this record

Community Contributions

Heather Stevens on 24th December, 2020 wrote:

William Underwood is remembered in Australian history as a bushranger. He had a land grant at Five Islands, Illawarra; he was assaulted January 1827 which left him with severe injuries; his land was sold in November 1827; he was arrested in February 1828 for horse theft, and he escaped from hospital. It was assumed by the authorities that he joined the bushranger John Donohoe for a while.

Heather Stevens on 24th December, 2020 wrote:

Ship’s Indent: William Underwood, Age: 21 years, Native place: Antrim Ireland; Labourer & Weaver, [illegible], dark brown hair, hazel eyes 

He had been convicted with Joseph Underwood (his brother?) at Antrim Summer Session in 1818, and sentenced to 7 years transportation, for “Grand Larceny” according to the ship’s muster list

In September 1819 they are on a list of convicts disembarked from the ‘Daphne’ and forwarded to Liverpool for distribution  

Ticket of Leave number 899 

19 May 1825 He received his Certificate of Freedom 97/3721.  This record has his height 5 feet 8 inches and complexion sallow. 

1825 Muster: Free by Servitude; Employment: Labourer; Residence: Cawdor  (His brother[?] Joseph is employed at Samuel Marsden’s property at Parramatta.)  

In June 1825 William and Joseph Underwood wrote a memorial to Governor Brisbane asking for a grant of land. They both have been overseers of clearing parties and they have at present 68 head of horned cattle and 3 horses.

They each received 70 acres at Five Islands, Illawarra 
 
In September 1826 William Underwood was assaulted and he received severe injuries. The Sydney Gazette 5 January 1827:

LIVERPOOL QUARTER SESSIONS. TUESDAY, JANUARY 2d ...
James Lynch was indicted for violently and brutally assaulting Wm. Underwood, of the Five Islands, on the 7th of September last—Several witnesses clearly proved the injury done to the plaintiff, which caused him to have the attendance of a Medical Gentleman for 6 or 8 weeks.—-Guilty. Fined £30 to the King, and imprisoned until such fine be paid.

16 March 1827 William Underwood in Sydney Gaol: from Campbelltown General Sessions to Criminal Court for Cattle Stealing, bailed April 14

6 August 1827 William and Joseph Underwood in Sydney Gaol: from J Dulhunty Esq, to Criminal Court, stealing a mare, tried and acquitted, discharged 27 November 1827.

In November 1827  William and Joseph Underwood sold 220 acres, which included the 140 acre grants, to William Klensendorlfef for £100.   

23 February 1828 William Underwood in Sydney Gaol from General Sessions Liverpool, horse stealing, to go to Criminal Court but was admitted 29 February 1828 to General Hospital. 

5 March 1828,  Sydney Gazette:
“Government Notice.
COLONIAL SECRETARY’S OFFICE,
4th MARCH, 1828.
TWENTY POUNDS REWARD.
WHEREAS WILLIAM UNDERWOOD, charged with Horse-stealing, has effected his Escape from the General Hospital at Sydney ; Notice is hereby given, that a Reward of Twenty Pounds will be paid to any Person or Persons who may apprehend and lodge the said William Underwood in one of His Majesty’s Gaols.
Underwood is a Native of Antria, a Laborer, about 27 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches in height, sallow complexion, brown hair, and hazel eyes.
By His Excellency’s Command,
ALEXANDER M’LEAY”

It was not until over a year later that another reward was posted:
Sydney Gazette, Thursday 24 September 1829, page 3:  
“Government Notice.
COLONIAL SECRETARY’S OFFICE,
Sydney, Sept. 23d, 1829. ONE HUNDRED POUNDS
REWARD
WHEREAS the Escaped Felons,
WILLIAM UNDERWOOD, and JOHN DONOHOE, for whose Apprehension Rewards were offered on 4th March, and 1st May, 1828, respectively stand charged with having since committed divers OUTRAGES ;—Notice is hereby given, that a Reward of FIFTY POUNDS and a TICKET OF LEAVE, will be paid to any Person or Persons who may apprehend and lodge either of the said Felons in one of His Majesty’s Gaols.
Underwood is a Native of Antrim, a Labourer, about 28 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches in height, sallow complexion, brown hair, and hazle eyes.
Donohoe, who arrived a Prisoner per Ann and Amelia, in 1825, is a Native of Dublin, 23 years of age, 5 feet 4 inches in height, brown freckled complexion, flaxen hair, blue eyes, and has a scar under the left nostril.
By Command of His Excellency the Governor,
ALEXANDER M’LEAY.”

It was rumoured that John Donohoe murdered William Underwood.

Convict Changes History

Heather Stevens on 24th December, 2020 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: Indent and musters, Colonial Secretary NSW records , Biographical Database of Australia, Trove newspaper search (prev. ), firstname: William, surname: Underwood, alias1: Jacky Underwood, alias2: , alias3: , ali

Heather Stevens on 24th December, 2020 made the following changes:

source: Indent and musters, Colonial Secretary NSW records , Biographical Database of Australia, Trove newspaper search, Sydney Gaol Entrance Books (prev. Indent and musters, Colonial Secretary NSW records , Biographical Database of Australia, Trove newsp

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au