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James Usher, one of 1063 convicts transported on the Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, December 1789
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 57 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 54
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 10th May, 2020 wrote:
Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 May 2020), January 1787, trial of RICHARD ALLEN JAMES USHER (t17870110-51).
RICHARD ALLEN, JAMES USHER, Theft > burglary, 10th January 1787.
210. RICHARD ALLEN and JAMES USHER were indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Joseph Eley , on the 1st of January , about six in the night, and burglariously stealing therein, five pair of cotton stockings, value 5 s. his property .
JOSEPH ELEY sworn.
On the 1st of this month, about six in the evening, a man was coming by, who I saw before loitering about, and he smote his arm through the window, and took out five pair of cotton stockings; three pair of them were marked in the feet; here are witnesses who saw him break the window, and take the stockings; I came into the shop; at the time I heard the window break, I was in the back room; I saw the prisoner run away, but I could not catch him first; he was stopped before I got him; I did not see any thing taken from him; I saw the witness William Webb bring something that he said was taken from him; there were five pair of cotton stockings; they were my property; they have my mark upon them; three pair of them were marked with ink on the feet, R. F.
WILLIAM WEBB sworn.
About half after five in the afternoon, I saw the prisoner Usher standing, and when I returned he stood in the same place; I stood about ten minutes, and he walked backwards and forwards, and looked in, and now and then put his elbow against the window; then there came by some drays, and then he crossed the way to the other, whom I had seen opposite, and I heard him whistle for him; he then stood about three minutes, and then Allen crossed over to the shop, and Usher stood in his place, and Allen likewise walked backwards and forwards two or three times, looking in at the window; then a waggon came past and he knocked in the window, and took out five pair of stockings, and put them under his left arm; I saw him do it; I ran to stop him, and I could not, he ran too fast; I cried out stop thief; and immediately Mr. Hanwell’s man came up and took him; then Usher ran after Allen, and I took hold of him also.
Before this, did you see the prisoners talking together? - Yes, Sir, I did; but I did not know what they talked about; they might be about three or four minutes together; I did not see him drop them.
JAMES KIRK sworn.
As I was coming along with my horses and waggon, about six in the evening, I saw a man stand opposite the window, and just as the waggon came on, the man broke in the window; that was the prisoner Allen; I saw him drive his elbow through the window, and take up a bundle of stockings; I stopped my horses immediately, and ran after him, and caught him, and when I was within five yards of him, he threw down the stockings on a dunghill; I saw him throw them down, and he ran into a corner, and hid himself; I saw a man pick up the stockings, and deliver them to Mr.Eley; I saw them brought to the door to him; the prisoner had them under his waistcoat on his left side; and he took and threw them down; he never was out of my sight after he dropped the stockings.
WILLIAM WHITEWAY sworn.
I took charge of the prisoner, and have had the property ever since, they were brought up by a neighbour, who is not here; they were delivered to me when I took the prisoner into custody; Mr. Eley and Kirk were present.
Court to Prosecutor. Did you see the stockings that were picked up, delivered to the constable? - I did, they were the same that were brought to me when the prisoner was taken.
Prosecutor. About half an hour before they did the fact, I asked them whether they wanted any thing in my way; they made me a very odd answer, says Allen, yes, d - n my eyes, we shall want something by and by; and in half an hour they did the fact; they were both together then.
PRISONER USHER’S DEFENCE.
I was coming home up Butcher-row; there was a disturbance in the street; there was a pane of glass broke; I heard them call out stop thief; I ran with the rest, and they caught hold of a man and said, he was the man, and said I was his comrade, and they took me away; I never saw any thing of him in my life.
PRISONER ALLEN’S DEFENCE.
I was coming along; I was taken short and went to ease myself, and they took me.
The prisoner Usher called six witnesses to his character.
BOTH GUILTY , DEATH .
The prisoner Usher was humbly recommended to mercy .
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.
National Archives. HO 47/9/21 1789 July 21
Letter from James Adair enclosing a list of capital respites, in Newgate on 24 June, to whom no pardon has yet been granted, and on which his recommendations are noted against each name. Adair mentions that he is at a loss as to what to suggest for James Carse, convicted of murder, but periodically insane.
List of capital convicts in Newgate, 24 June 1789.
January Sessions, 1787
15. Richard Allen and James Usher, for a burglary in the house of Joseph Elery[?] and stealing goods, value 5/-. Recommendation: transportation for life.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 10th May, 2020 made the following changes:
gender: m, crime