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Joseph Wharton

Joseph Wharton, one of 300 convicts transported on the General Hewett, August 1813

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Joseph Wharton
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1793
Occupation: Carpenter
Date of Death: 24th August, 1853
Age: 60 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Escaping from transportation
Convicted at: Surrey Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: General Hewett
Departure date: August, 1813
Arrival date: 7th February, 1814
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 300 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 124
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Beth Kebblewhite on 29th October, 2019 wrote:

Joseph Wharton (c1793-1853) reached NSW on the ship General Hewitt on 7 Feb 1814. He had been tried at Surrey Assize on 29 March 1813 & was given a life term. Joseph was from Oxford, aged 35, a carpenter & joiner, 5’8¾” tall, dark sallow complexion, with black hair & blue eyes. [PRO - Crime – being at large under sentence of transportation. He received the death sentence, later commuted to transportation for life. See trials below].

1811 – Trial Date #1 - JOSIAH WHARTON, Theft > grand larceny, 18th September 1811.
776. JOSIAH WHARTON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 3d of September, a turkey stone, value 5 s. and a saw, value 2 s. the property of John Tanner.
JOHN TANNER. I am a wheelwright, I live near the Stones-end Southwark.
Q. Did you lose a saw at any time, and a turkey stone - A. Yes, I lost them out of my shop, on the 3d of September. I left them on the 2d at night, and missed them the next morning, betwixt six and seven. I saw the turkey stone at the office the next day, and the prisoner in custody; I also missed an axe, it was never found.
JOHN HUTT. I am an officer. I apprehended the prisoner in Red-lion-yard, Red-lion-street, Clerkenwell, about two o’clock in the middle of day; he was in bed with his clothes on; when I went into the room I saw a quantity of tools; knowing that Mr. Tanner had lost a turkey stone out of the frame I looked in the drawer, and found that turkey stone was afterwards claimed by Mr. Tanner. I asked the prisoner how he came by it; he said the whole of the tools was his own property. I told him to get up he was my prisoner, he did, I went to hand-cuff him, he made some resistance; I took a pistol out and said I would shoot him; he after that surrendered, I searched about the room and found some duplicates; one a saw, pawned for a shilling, in the name of John Wharton , the pawnbroker produced it before the magistrate, and Mr. Tanner claimed it. I found a quantity of tools in the prisoner’s apartment; he said they were his own, he bought them of a man.
THOMAS PAISY. I am shopman to Mr. Chapman, pawnbroker, 50, St. John Street. I produce a saw, pawned on the 4th of September, this is the duplicate, it corresponds with that produced by Hutt.
Prisoner’s Defence. The property was picked up in the street by Newington-causeway, in a nail bag, and more property that is to be owned.
GUILTY, aged 29.
Transported for Seven Years.
First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.
1811 – Trial Date #1 - JOSIAH WHARTON, Theft > grand larceny, 18th September 1811.
777. JOSIAH WHARTON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 3d of September an iron vice, value 12 s. a rule, value 6 d. and a plain, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of John Langridge.
JOHN LANGRIDGE. I am a chair maker, I live at Newington-causeway. All the things were safe in my shop, on the 2d of September when I went to bed, and my shop was locked; a little after six, on the morning of the 3d my lad informed me that some body had been in; I went into the shop, I found the vice was gone, and on the 4th I saw the rule and the plane at the office.
JOHN GOODWIN. I work for Mr. Langridge. On the 2d of September I used the vice and the plane the thing myself, between eight and nine in the evening. I came the next morning at six o’clock, the vice and the plane were gone, and the bag taken from the shop window on the inside. On the next day I saw the vice at Mr. Rhodes’s, Vine-street, Clerkenwell; I said I could swear to it. I afterwards took my master there, and Mr. Rhodes had hid it, or taken it away.
RICHARD RHODES. I live at 25, Vine-street, Mutton-lane, I am a tool dealer and smith.
Q. There was a vice found on your premises by a search warrant - A. No, I found it afterwards, it was not upon my premises when the search warrant was executed I was alarmed about the prisoner, in case he had given me a wrong direction where he lived. I took the vice to the office, it was claimed by Mr. Langridge. I bought the vice on the same day of the prisoner, I gave twelve shillings for it; I bought a hatchet the same morning of the prisoner, that was sold to a stranger. This is the vice.
JOHN HUTT. I apprehended the prisoner as I have described on the other indictment. I found the plane on the drawer, and in his pocket I found this three foot rule.
Prisoner’s Defence. This property was all concealed in a nail bag. On the morning of the 3rd, at half past five I picked it up; after I picked the property up, I thought it was my own. My wife was brought to bed, I sold the vice to make money, and the rest I kept for my own use.
GUILTY, aged 29.
Transported for Seven Years.
First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.
(Source: Old Bailey on-line http://www.oldbaileyonline.org )

c1815 - Mary Greeves AKA Greaves began a relationship with Joseph Wharton. Although there is no record of a legal marriage they were together until Mary’s death. [Note: Mary Greeves AKA Greaves reached NSW on the ship Broxbornebury in 1814 as a convict.]
Children born to Joseph and Mary (Greeves) WHARTON:
• Joseph WHARTON jnr. born c1816, marr 1838 Upper Minto to Harriet Campbell (13 children), died c1890 Grenfell
• William WHARTON born 06/07/1819 Sydney (bapt. as WALTON. Source: St Philip’s Church of England, Sydney NSW: Church Register - Baptisms; ML ref: Reel SAG 90; Vol Entry# 219), marr 1841 Sydney to Elizabeth Stacey (11 children), died c1889 Leichhardt
1816 to 1817 – Joseph Wharton appeared as a witness in the criminal Court before the Judge- Advocate in 1817 in the case of assault between Francis Greenway & Captain Sanderson. On 20/12/1816 Greenway was assaulted by Sanderson over a perceived insult by Greenway in a letter. Sanderson denied the assault and other witnesses were said to be “blind and of very infirm memory” except for Joseph Wharton, who, “of all the onlookers, remained bright-eyed and exact of memory. He said, with a nice moderation of phrase, that he noticed Mr Greenway “hurrying” out of Captain Sanderson’s barrack, with Captain Sanderson beating him violently with a whip or stick, following him beyond the steps to get in a last six or seven blows and crying out that he was a rascal and a swindler, and that if he did not go along he would give him more of it, as he intended to horsewhip him whenever chance offered. Mr Greenway’s cheek was grazed on one side and the blood ready to start – it had started in one place and there were several marks on his blue coat.” Captain Sanderson was found guilty and fined ?5. Greenway was not satisfied and took the matter further to the Supreme Court where he was awarded ?20 damages. (Source: Francis Greenway: His Life and Times, by M.H. Ellis, pp65-71 & Lois Hunter research)
1817 – Joseph Wharton had been in govt employ as the overseer of the carpenters at the Lumber Yard. He had a recommendation from Mr Gill, the Acting Engineer. CP written. (Source: SRNSW Col Sec Papers, Petitions Fiche 3182; 4/1853 p367)
1818 - Joseph Wharton received a Conditional Pardon on 31/01/1818. Described: per ship General Hewitt 1814, native of Oxford, a carpenter & joiner, tried at Surrey Assize on 29 March 1813 & was given a 7 year term (?), 5’8½” tall, ruddy complexion, with brown hair & hazel eyes. (Source: SRNSW Copies of Conditional & Absolute Pardons Registered; Reel Number: 774; Roll 149; Volume Number: 4/4430.)
1818 – In Sydney in 1818 Joseph Wharton had been Acting Engineer. (Source: Lois Hunter research)
1819 – Joseph Wharton was paid 15 pounds & 10 pounds, to erect fences in Macquarie Street, Sydney. (Source: SRNSW Col Sec Papers, Special Bundle Reel 6038; SZ1044 pp56 & 87)
1821 – Was Mary known as Mary Ann Walton in 1821? Mary Ann Walton, per Broxbornebury, had appeared before the Sydney Bench & was given a sentence of 1 year at the “factory”. She appeared in the Sydney Gaol entrance book 8/12/1821 & was sent to Parramatta the next day. (Source: SRNSW Gaol Description and Entrance Books, 1818-1930; Series: 2514; Item: 4/6360; Roll: 850)
1822 Muster:
Mary GLOVES (?), con, Broxbornebury, 14 years, wife of Joseph Wharton, Sydney (A08087) & spouse – Joseph WHARTON, CP, General Hewitt, life, householder, Sydney & children – Joseph 6 BC & William 2 BC [listed under Wharton]
1823-1825 Muster:
Mary GLOVER (?), TL, 14 years, wife of Wharton, Sydney (22304) & spouse – Joseph WARTON (sic), CP, General Hewitt 1814, life, landholder, Kissing Point (44315) & children – Joseph 9 BC & William 6 BC, children of Joseph WARTON
1825 - Mary Wharton, aged 48, died 25/10/1825 Sydney & the funeral was held at St James, Sydney. (V1825-6629-2C & 12-149 & St James’ Church of England, Sydney NSW: Church Register - Burials; ML ref: Reel SAG 61; Vol Entry# 179).
1828 Census:
Joseph WALTON (sic), aged 50, CP, General Hewitt 1813 (?), carpenter, prot, living Liverpool St. Sydney (W0329) with Thomas CLOWRY, a carpenter, FS, per ship Minerva 1819, his employer. The property had 13 persons at the address, including his son William. William WALTON, aged 9, BC, living Liverpool St. Sydney (W0330) with Thomas CLOWRY & his father Joseph WALTON. Joseph WALTON, aged 13, BC, employed by & living with Charles Smith, per ship Baring, a butcher at George St. Sydney (W0322). The property had 16 persons at the address.
1834 to 1850 – By 1834 Joseph was living in the Campbelltown area & entered into a contact with John Scarr (Clerk to the Bench of Magistrates Campbelltown) to erect a stone building. It was claimed he deserted the job before completion, was summonsed before the Court & given a sentence of 3 months in Liverpool (NSW) Gaol. He planned to appeal the sentence but the SRNSW QS papers are missing from this time. Joseph moved with his son Joseph Jnr & family c1839 to Hume River & Mullengandra. Joseph Jnr was the licensee of a hotel at Mullengandra in 1847. By 1850 the family were living in the Black Range area near Albury, as farmers & gold fossickers. (Source: Lois Hunter research)
1853 - Joseph WARTON (sic) died on 24/08/1853 at Albury aged 72, a carpenter. (V1853-1602-30 NSW BDM index as WANTEN)

From the book “Journey to a New Life…” the story of the ships Emu & Broxbornebury by Elizabeth Hook (3rd ed. 2014). I am the author & can be contacted on hookey5609@yahoo.com.au for further info

Convict Changes History

Beth Kebblewhite on 29th October, 2019 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1793 (prev. 0000), date of death: 24th August, 1853 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au