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James Wiggins

James Wiggins, one of 250 convicts transported on the Argyle, 05 March 1831

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Wiggins
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1801
Occupation: Stonemason
Date of Death: 28th June, 1884
Age: 83 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Assault and attempted robbery
Convicted at: Sussex Special Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Argyle
Departure date: 5th March, 1831
Arrival date: 3rd August, 1831
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 251 other convicts

References

Primary source: England (Select Marriages FHL Film No. 1468812, Ref. ID: p.203, no.596). Ancestry. Australia Death Index. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 53 (29). Tasmanian Archives - convicts: Conduct Record. Arrivals.
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Carol Axton-Thompson on 12th January, 2014 wrote:

James Wiggins was convicted at Brighton, Sussex on 18/12/1830 for assault, with intent to rob. Previous convictions. 14yr sentence. Transported to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) on the ‘Argyle’, arriving 04/08/1831.

Married man, wife Mary & 4 children, at Brighton, England.
5’8”; stout; dk brown hair; lt brown eyes; Protestant; stonemason & bricklayer.

Assignments of service in the Colony.

Ticket of Leave 15/10/1834
Conditional Pardon 18/08/1841
Free Certificate 08/11/1852

Carol Axton-Thompson on 12th January, 2014 wrote:

The family of James Wiggins emigrated from England to be with him, free, on the ship ‘Strathfieldaye’:
wife Mary
children: Robert, Jane, James & Martha
(ref. Arrivals, State Archives of Tasmania)

Child: Robert was admitted to Queens Orphan School, New Town on 29/08/1834, aged 8yrs. Discharged to his parents on 23/05/1835.

Colleen Stone on 22nd June, 2017 wrote:

James was tried at the Sussex Special Winter Assizes in 1830 along with a others accused of the same crime.  On the same page as James’ crime is listed, you will find people tried for destroying threshing machines, inciting others to riot, impeding people who are trying to put out fires.  Clearly, James was caught up in the “Spring” Riots.  A search of the Brighton Gazette in December reveals that these riots were common in December 1830.  It’s fair to assume that James was one of them.  As a 30 year old man with four children and a trade, it is also reasonable to wonder whether James was a leader among the rioting lower classes.

Once he arrived in Tasmania, he survived his time as a convict and became a well-to-do Bricklayer and Stonemason by day and a Licensed Victualler of a succession of hotels by night.  His wife, Mary Ann, managed the hotels by day.  His family became respected members of the fledgling township of Hobart.

David Cripps on 8th March, 2021 wrote:

Newspaper entry

“The following have been committed to the above gaol for trial at the next Assizes: John Chard, charged with stealing five sheep, the property of James Upton, of Oving. John Turner, James Wiggins, and Abraham Hutchinsm charged with assaulting Wm. Goldsmith and Ephraim Hazelgrove, on the King’s Highway, in the parish of Brighton with intent to rob them.”

From: The British Newspaper Library
Sussex Advertiser - Monday 27 September 1830, Page 3, Col 5.

NB: “The above gaol” would refer to the Horsham goal, since it was mentioned in the Sussex Advertiser, in the column just above the entry for James Wiggins.

Iris Dunne on 8th March, 2021 wrote:

Marriage 8 November 1818 to Mary Ann Bishop at Brighthelmston, Sussex, England

Death 28 June 1884, aged 85, Hobart Tasmania, Reg. Year 1884, Reg. No. 1709

Convict Changes History

Nicholas Jacobson on 26th January, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 1799, date of death 1899, gender

Carol Axton-Thompson on 12th January, 2014 made the following changes:

source, date of birth 1801, occupation, crime

Carol Axton-Thompson on 12th January, 2014 made the following changes:

source

Colleen Stone on 22nd June, 2017 made the following changes:

date of death: 1884 (prev. 1899)

Iris Dunne on 8th March, 2021 made the following changes:

source: England (Select Marriages FHL Film No. 1468812, Ref. ID: p.203, no.596). Ancestry. Australia Death Index. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 53 (29). Tasmanian Archives - convicts: Cond

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