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James Williams

James Williams, one of 200 convicts transported on the Guilford [Guildford], August 1811

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Williams
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1789
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Sheep-stealing
Convicted at: Kent Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Guildford
Departure date: August, 1811
Arrival date*: 31st March, 1812
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 195 other convicts
* Arrival date is estimated


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 47(25)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Beth Kebblewhite on 31st October, 2019 wrote:

James WILLIAMS (c1789-?) arrived as a convict in Sydney on ship Guildford on 18 January 1812. He was sentenced at Kent Assize on 18 March 1811, for life, (same date/place/sentence as Morris/Maurice Murray, spouse of Ann ROGERS, both for sheep stealing)

1816 – Sarah Adams (convict, arrived 1814 on the ship Broxbornebury) married James Williams (c1789-?). James Williams, aged 23, holding a Ticket of Leave, arrived per Guildford [London], Abode: St Johns [Parramatta], Signed X; & Sarah Adams, aged 35, arrived per Broxbornebury, Abode: St Johns [Parramatta], Signed; married 06 Aug 1816, registered St Johns Church of England Parramatta by Banns by Samuel Marsden; Witness: Hugh McIlroy, Signed; Witness: Ann McIlroy, Signed X. Source: St John’s Church of England, Parramatta NSW: Church Register - Marriages; ML ref: Reel SAG 55-56 & V1816-760-147B) [Note: There is also a 2nd record that shows they wed in 1818 but 1816 is most likely the correct date as James stated in 1817 he was a married man. James Williams married Sarah Adams at St Johns C of E Parra on 6 August 1818 (V1818-1954-3A)]
1817, 6 Dec. – James Williams, per Guildford, petitioned Gov Macquarie for mitigation of his sentence. He said he had held a TOL for last 2 years, now had a wife & supported them “on the produce of a farm” held by a clearing lease from Mr William Chalker. James was the former servant of Chalker & now asked for his freedom. (Recommended by Robert Lowe JP & CP written) (Source: SRNSW Col Sec Papers, Petitions 1817 Fiche 3182, 4/1853 p337)
1818, 31 Jan. – James WILLIAMS, per ship Guildford 1812, received a CP on 31/01/1818. He was a labourer, a native of Monmouthshire Wales & had been tried at Kent Assize on 18/03/1811 with a life sentence. He was 5’8” tall, dark ruddy complexion, brown hair & hazel eyes. (Source: SRNSW Copies of Conditional & Absolute Pardons Registered; Reel Number: 774; Roll 149; Volume Number: 4/4430.)
1818, May 1818 – James Williams of South Creek district of Bringelly, wrote again to Gov, stating he was FBS since March last (?), living with a wife on a few leased acres from Mr Chalker & would like some land. (Also recom. from Robert Lowe JP Parramatta, who said he had known James for several years & he was a “very quiet industrious character”. 40 acres written. (Source: SRNSW Col Sec Papers, Memorial Fiche 3012, 4/1822A p209-10)
1822 Oct. 1 – James Williams was granted 40 acres of land at Sutton, County of Argyle by Gov. Brisbane on 01/11/1822. (Source: SRNSW Registers of Land Grants and Leases; Series: NRS 13836; Item: 7/449; Reel: 2561)
1822 Muster:
Sarah ADAMS, Broxbornebury, con, 7 years, wife of J Williams, Liverpool (A0006)
James WILLIAMS, Guildford, life, landholder, Liverpool (A22695)
1823 – Sarah Adams, per ship Broxbornebury, received a “certificate” during the week of 8/09/1823, (Source: Sydney Gazette, 18/09/1823, p1)
1823-1825 Muster:
1) Sarah ADAMS, FS, Broxbornebury, 7 years, wife of James Williams, Argyle (10107)
2) Sarah WILLIAMS, FS, Broxbornebury, 7 years, wife of J Williams, Bringelly (45730) [2nd entry] ; James WILLIAMS, CP, Guildford 1812, life, employed by Mr Underwood, Argyle (45590)
1828 Census:
Sarah WILLIAMS, 49, FS, 7 years, prot, (W1559), wife to – James WILLIAMS, 39, CP, Guildford 1810, prot, landholder Sutton Forest *(W1558) [he had 40 acres cultivated, 1 horse & 12 cattle, 1 labourer, no children listed to the couple]
1848 - Sarah Williams aged 56, of Sutton Forest, wife of James Williams, carpenter, died in 1848, registered at Berrima C of E.
Date of death for James Williams is not known.

From the book “Journey to a New Life…” the story of the ships Emu & Broxbornebury by Elizabeth Hook (3rd ed. 2014). I am the author & can be contacted on hookey5609@yahoo.com.au for further info

Convict Changes History

Beth Kebblewhite on 31st October, 2019 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1789 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au