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James Young

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Young
Aliases: James Hardy Vaux, James Lowe, James Hardy
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Uttering forged notes
Convicted at: Dublin City
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Waterloo
Departure date: 18th December, 1830
Arrival date: 30th April, 1831
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 64 other convicts


Primary source: Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry Colonial Secretary’s Letters received relating to Moreton Bay, during 1822-1860
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Maureen Withey on 16th August, 2019 wrote:

This man was transported on 3 different occasions, on the Minorca, in 1801, on the Indian in 1810 and on the Waterloo, arriving in Sydney in May 1831.
He wrote his autobiography “The Memoirs of James Hardy Vaux” published in 1819, available on-line:


Colonial Secretary’s Letters received relating to Moreton Bay, during 1822-1860
Refers to:
Oct 1831. Letters received from James Hardy Vaux, relating to his petition not to be sent to Moreton Bay.
May 1831 “Application for favourable consideration of his case – mentions Lieut Thompson, Commandant at Newcastle & Mr Justice Field & the publication of his “memoirs” “Arrived per “Minorca” (1801) per “Indian” (1810) and recently per “Waterloo” in the name of James Young”
May 1831: Mentions Conditional Pardon held by Vaux in name of James Lowe per “Indian”

Forgeries – Caution
James Young indicted for uttering a forged one pound note of the Provincial Bank of Ireland, knowing it forged, with intent to defraud Mr Mason of 6, Essex-bridge, on the 19th of June last. A shopboy of Mr Mason’s proved that he had received the note produced form the prisoner, on the day in question, in payment of ten-pence worth of goods, and had got change for it in a neighbouring shop; it was afterwards discovered to be a forgery, and as he had marked it previous to giving it out of his possession, he was enabled fully to identify it. Robert Murray, clerk of the Provincial Bank, proved that the note was forged: it purported to be signed by R. Buest, and was numbered 338. Robert Duggan, of Capel Street, proved that the prisoner, attempted to pass a forged note for the same amount, on the Provincial Bank, which was numbered 22,248 about 11.00 the same period, and had absconded when detected. Some other witnesses were were called to prove similar attempts, but as they were unable to swear positively as to the time, they were not examined. The prisoner protested that he was innocent. He said he was an Englishman, and stranger in this city, so that could not produce testimony as to his character, and that he accounted for having the notes in his possession by saying that he had brought nothing bur specie with him to this country, and had changed it for notes on his arrival; but not being a judge of Irish notes, had been imposed on. Sentence of death was recorded against him, but a hop of its being changed to transportation for life was held out to
him, on the condition that he should prove worthy of this indulgence by services to the bank, in its detection of those they had no doubt were engaged with him in his criminal pursuits. Two other indictments for similar offences were recorded, but no evidence was offered, and he was freed from their prosecution.
Dublin Evening Packet 2 Sept 1830

Maureen Withey on 16th August, 2019 wrote:

ARDY VAUX.-The notorious, James Hardy Vaux, the swindler and thief, the publication of whose memoirs created a considerable stir in England eight or nine years ago, was on Thursday last sentenced to two years imprisonment, having been
convicted of committing an indecent assault on a child eight years of age. The old reprobate is upwards of sixty years of age.
Sydney Gazette, 8 Aug 1839

Convict Changes History

Maureen Withey on 16th August, 2019 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 99 years, voyage, source: Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry Colonial Secretary’s Letters received relating to Moreton Bay, during 1822-1860 (prev. ), firstname: James, surname: Young, alias1: James Hardy Vaux, alias2: James Low

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