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Jonas Backhouse

Jonas Backhouse, one of 230 convicts transported on the England, 06 June 1835

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Jonas Backhouse
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1809
Occupation: Farmer
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 59 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Horse theft
Convicted at: Wilts. Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: England
Departure date: 6th June, 1835
Arrival date: 28th September, 1835
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 230 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 90, Class and Piece Number HO11/10, Page Number 77 (41). Convict Annotated Printed Indentures 1835
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 19th February, 2012 wrote:

Jonas Backhouse sometimes known as John, was married with one son, his wife went on to have another 5 children all with the Backhouse surname, she was a housekeeper for William Woolnough and it is thought that the children took the Backhouse name for propriety sake.  There is also some more information about him in a court case in NSW.  Kinghorn & Backhouse   Kinghorn is meant to have shot lead pellets into Backhouse for not working on the sabbath day.

Wendy Smith on 8th November, 2019 wrote:

The Australian Convict Indentures state that Jonas Backhouse was aged 26 years old.  He could read and write; religion Protestant; Status Married with one son; native of Suffolk and occupation farm servant.  He was convicted at Wiltshire Assizes on 7 March 1835 for stealing a hoarse. Sentenced for life.  He had one prior conviction and served three months.  Physical attribute Height 5 feet 5 1/2 inches; complexion dark ruddy; hair brown; eyes grey.  Prisoner number 35-2218 and transport number 215.

Maureen Withey on 8th November, 2019 wrote:

Salisbury Assizes.
Jonas Backhouse was indicted for having feloniously feloniously stolen gelding, the property of Francis Stephen Long, at Bulford, in the month of July last. The crime was clearly brought home to the prisoner, by the testimony James Thorn, Francis Stephen Long, Isaac Watts, and Charlotte Morris,  In his defence, prisoner called Wm. Watts, who swore that he (witness) stole the horse on the 7th of July last between 3 and 4 o’clock in the morning, took it to London, and sold it to the prisoner for 11l. 10s., and 30s. for the saddle and bridle. This witness’s evidence was, however, wholly negatived by the testimony James Thorn, who was recalled.  The learned Judge, in summing up, severely commented on the heinousness of setting up perjured defence and the prisoner, having been found guilty, was sentenced to transported lot’ life.
Salisbury Journal, 16 Mar 1835.

Maureen Withey on 8th November, 2019 wrote:

Salisbury
During the week, the following convicts have been removed from our county gaol, at at Fisherton Anger, and put on board the Leviathan hulk, in Portsmouth harbour, in order for transportation; namely, Jonas Backhouse, horse-stealing; Charles King, Enoch Heaven, sheep-stealing; Daniel Sprowles, stealing a pewter jug and basin, life.—John Telling, stealing hay; Edward Johnson, stealing trousers; George Hitchins, receiving stolen property; George Fisher and Thomas Squire, poaching in the night —seven years each.—Also George Carty convicted at the Lent Assizes, 1834, for house-breaking, and sentenced to one year’s imprisonment to hard labour, and and then to be transported for life.

Salisbury Journal, 6 Apr 1835

Convict Changes History

Anonymous on 19th February, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1809-00-00

Wendy Smith on 8th November, 2019 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 90, Class and Piece Number HO11/10, Page Number 77 (41). Convict Annotated Printed Indentures 1835 (prev. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 90, Class and Piece Number HO11/10, Page N

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au