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James Barrett

James Barrett, one of 176 convicts transported on the Manlius, 16 July 1828

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Barrett
Aliases: Martin, Martyn, Barratt
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1809
Occupation: Groom
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 55 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Burglary
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Manlius
Departure date: 16th July, 1828
Arrival date: 9th November, 1828
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 175 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/6, Page Number 447 (225)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Dianne Jones on 23rd April, 2021 wrote:

1828, 10 April: JAMES BARRETT: Born 1809. Groom. He was tried and convicted at the Old Bailey for housebreaking along with Samuel Robinson and John Brown. The transcript of their trial follows:

“#1072. JAMES BARRET, SAMUEL ROBINSON and JOHN BROWN were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of James Nicholas Waylett, about two o’clock in the night of the 8th of April, at St. Leonard, Eastcheap, with intent to steal, and stealing therein 1 desk, value 2l., his property.

JAMES NICHOLAS WAYLETT: I live at No. 45, Fish-street, in the parish of St. Leonard, Eastcheap. I am a boot and shoe maker; I sleep in Crooked-lane, about one hundred yards off - I was awoke about a quarter past two o’clock in the morning of the 8th of April, by the watchman, who said my boy wanted me at Fish-street-hill: I have a boy sleeps in my shop there - I went there and unlocked the door: I saw my boy standing inside with a mallet in his hand; he said “Sir, there are thieves in the house;” I said “Impossible, you are frightened, the cats have got in.” He said “No” - I said to the watchman “Give me your staff, and go and get what spare men you have - they came immediately; I lighted several candles, and requested they would go into the cellar and turn on the gas and search the cellar - they did so: I said “Now search this house;” and in the mean time I was watching the adjoining house, which is empty; they were upstairs, they went into the adjoining house through an internal communication which I have, but I was not with them, and in five or six minutes the prisoners were brought out - I did not see anything taken from them.

Cross-examined by MR. PHILLIPS: Q. There is an internal communication between your house and the other? A. Yes, in the party-wall - I do not know whether it was open or not.

COURT: Q. What did you find done? A. When I went into the parlour I found the window open and broken, and the desk was on the floor, which I had seen some time the day before.

JAMES CONNER: I am in the employ of the prosecutor. I slept in this house on the night of the 7th of April; I did not lock up the house that night, but it was fastened - I saw the desk about a quarter-past nine on the stand at the further end of the showroom; between two and three o’clock that morning I heard some persons coughing in the parlour - I made an alarm and cried Watch! One of the prisoners came towards me with a dark lantern and held it to my face - I cried Watch! and they ran upstairs; the man did not come to my bed-side - there was a glass wainscoat between us; I got out of bed and got a mallet and made an alarm against the door; two men were going by, who asked what was the matter; I said there were thieves in the house - I could not get out - I could not open the door; the men called the watchman - he came and asked what was the matter, and I told him to go to Mr. Waylett, who came in about five minutes; I went to search the house - we found the three prisoners in the privy, in the empty house: I saw the desk on the floor in the parlour - there was nothing found on the prisoner’s persons; there is a door between the two houses - I had not seen that on the overnight; the glass of the parlour door inside was broken - that is not the glass wainscoat, it is a door that goes up stairs.

RICHARD KING: I am a watchman. I heard the alarm and went and rang for Mr. Waylett: I went and called the patrol - I came back and saw Mr. Waylett unlocking the door, outside; the patrol told me to go round to Pudding-lane - I did so, and saw a watchman there; I told him to watch - I went to the watch-house, and went down to the house again; I searched - I could find no person in the house, but saw some person had made water against the door-post; we then went through the communicating door into the empty house - we went down into the shop, and down into the cellar; we saw no person there - we went up again but saw no one; we went down again, and into the privy, and there we found the three prisoners; this was about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour after we got in.

JOHN BAYLEY: I am a patrol. I went to assist in searching the house; I saw the prisoners searched, but nothing was found on them - this dark lantern, this centre-bit and four skeleton keys were found in the privy.

JAMES CORK: I am a patrol. On this morning I went in with Mr. Waylett’s and saw what they have stated; I was in the front part of the building, and King cried out “Here they are:” I saw the prisoners taken in the privy - I found this knife on the stairs.

JAMES WOLSONCROFT: I am shopman to Mr. Waylett. I fastened up his shop on the night of the 7th of April, I went upstairs, and saw the door which communicates between the two houses, between eight and nine o’clock; it was locked with a padlock in the usual way.

Cross-examined by MR. PHILLIPS: Q. Was there any servant maid in the house? A. No; no person but me and Conner - he gets his breakfast when Mr. Waylett goes there in the morning; there is no bed in the house but his - I had not touched the door of communication to padlock it, for a month before perhaps; the door is on the second floor - I did not touch it the night before; a person could not have got in there without breaking the door, but that is not where they did get in - I did not see them get in.

COURT: Q. When were you there again? A. Between eight and nine o’clock next morning: there is a window, on the first staircase, which looks on the sky-light of the empty house, and that window was broken to let in two fingers to undo the button, and when that was open it would make an opening plenty large enough to admit the body of a man; I saw the padlock in the staple next morning.

JURY: Q. Is it a glass door between the two houses? A. No; a wainscoat door.

Cross-examined.:Q. For ought you know, not having pushed against the door, you cannot say whether it might not have been ajar? A. It is possible; I was up the staircase the night before, and the lock was in the staple - I am not positive of that; my attention was not particularly directed to it.

WILLIAM WIDGEON BEAUMONT: I am the night officer I went to the house and saw the desk on the floor in the parlour; I waited there to protect the shop and then went to the watch-house with the prisoners - I went to the house again and saw the putty had been chipped round the glass of the door which leads from the show-room, upstairs; and the glass broken as if to admit a hand to get at the lock; I went down to the house again in the morning and saw a window on the staircase standing open; I looked through it and saw the mark of an iron heel, and a chalk mark on the leads which lead over the showroom to the empty house, which is a very short distance; I got out and went through an aperture into the empty house - it appeared to have been a window blocked up with wood; I got through it, and searched over every part of the empty house - I saw the door of communication between the two houses; it is lined with iron - I saw no marks of violence on it; the padlock was hanging in the staple, but not locked - I went into the privy and saw something like a bag on the soil, and we got up a bag containing these articles.

Cross-examined: Q. If a passerby had seen the door of communication as you did, they might have thought it was fast? A. I could not bring my mind to believe it was locked before; I could see nothing to induce me to believe it was locked - the door was open when I saw it, and the lock hanging in the staple; if the door had been ajar and I had not gone against it, or pushed it, and the lock had been in the staple, it might have deceived me.

COURT to WOLSONCROFT: Q. Can you positively swear you saw that door at all that night - did you not take it for granted it was locked - can you swear it at all? A. Yes; and I saw nothing particular about it.

Cross-examined by MR. PHILLIPS: Q. Did you examine the door particularly? A. No; I went within about two yards of it; I did not particularly give it a thought - I might give a glance at it as I passed I cannot tax my memory.

JURY: Q. Did you see the padlock? A. Yes.

COURT: Q. Is there any glass over the shop? A. Yes; the button was turned in the staircase window of Mr. Waylett’s house; they had stepped over the sky-light over the shop to come to the window - nothing was done to the sky-light - it is but small.

BARRETT’S Defence: We were coming from Greenwich fair and had had a little drink: we came down Fish-street-hill, and saw the door of the empty house open - we went in and laid down; some person shut the door while we were there, and we could not find our way out again.

One Witness gave the prisoner Barrett a good character.



BROWN - GUILTY - DEATH. Aged 35.” (see https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/)

Dianne Jones on 23rd April, 2021 wrote:

1828, 6 May: A petition for clemency was lodged on behalf of James BARRETT. Below is the summary record from the National Archives:

“HO 17/127/179 … Prisoner name: James Barrett.
Prisoner age: 19 years.
Court and date of trial: Old Bailey, April 1828.
Crime: Burglary of the house of James Nicholas Waylett at Fish Street Hill, City of London on 8 April 1828.
Initial sentence: Death.
Annotated (Outcome): ‘Considered at Report in Council 7 May 1828’.
Petitioner(s): James Nicholas Waylett (prosecutor) undersigned by nine inhabitants of London known to the convict’s parents.
Grounds for clemency (Petition Details): First offence; nothing was stolen; no violence was used. 
Additional Information: Petition cover erroneously names the convict as John Barrett; convicted with John Brown and Samuel Robertson [sentences not stated].” (see https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C16907615)

Dianne Jones on 23rd April, 2021 wrote:

1828, 21 June: James Barratt [sic] was sent from Newgate Jail and received aboard the hulk Retribution at Woolwich. He was listed as 19 years old. He was sent from there for transportation on 10 July 1828 (see UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849).

1828: On arrival in VDL, James Barret was 20 years old, a groom from Newington. He stated that his father was “a lunatic confined in a madhouse” and his mother was Jane Martin, but “Martyn is my proper name”. He said he was groom to Dr Newton, a solicitor on Hackney Road:  “I was under groom to Mr Thomas Farley Forster,” he said and was responsible for 5 horses.

Dianne Jones on 23rd April, 2021 wrote:

1839, 30 March: Ticket of Leave.

1840, 24 January: Conditional Pardon.

1841, 22 March: Charged for “feloniously stealing 10 pigs value at 40 pounds and fully committed for trial”. Note: No record of the outcome.

Convict Changes History

Dianne Jones on 19th April, 2021 made the following changes:

gender: m, occupation

Dianne Jones on 19th April, 2021 made the following changes:

alias1: Martin, alias2: Martyn

Dianne Jones on 19th April, 2021 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1809 (prev. 0000), crime

Dianne Jones on 23rd April, 2021 made the following changes:

alias3: Barratt

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au