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William Chadwick

William Chadwick, one of 311 convicts transported on the Barwell, September 1797

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Chadwick
Aliases: Shadwi Ck, Sdhadwicke
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1771
Occupation: Labourer
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 51 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Returning from transportation
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Barwell
Departure date: September, 1797
Arrival date: 18th May, 1798
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 307 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 231 (116)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 19th June, 2021 wrote:

On his Indent it states that William Chadwick was tried on 14/9/1796 at the Old Bailey (Middlesex Gaol Delivery) - cannot find a trial for that date.

The following two trials are the only ones for William Chadwick - also cannot find a William Chadwick/or Shadwick who was tried at ‘Wakefield’ - if Rona Seabrook has more info, please let us know.

Also cannot account for his age difference - 33 at his first trial and 25 two years later.

Old Bailey:
Theft: grand larceny.
30th April 1794
Verdict Guilty
Sentence Transportation

WILLIAM CHADWICK was indicted for stealing, on the 21st of March , twenty-six yards of irish linen cloth, value 1l. the goods of John Turner , George Whiteside , and Michael Turner.

Indicted in a Second COUNT for stealing the same goods, the property of Felix Oneal.

A Third COUNT for stealing the same goods, the property of Samuel Maskill.


I live with Mr. Maskill as porter, in Mitre-court, Milk-street, Cheapside, he is a glazer and calender. On the 21st of March last, I was going through Longacre with the horse and cart of Mr. Maskill’s; I was driving the said horse, I was sitting inside of the cart, it is an open cart, I sat upon some callicoes, and there were thirty pieces of Irish in a wrapper, in the hind part of the cart, and luckily I happened to turn round to look at the goods, it was about half past seven in the evening; looking about I see the man, the prisoner, handing to the other, on the opposite side of the flag stones, a piece of cloth, I mean the flags on the other side of the street to where my cart was, and he was clapping it inside of his great coat, the receiver of the cloth was doing this; so that I should not perceive them if I happened to turn round; with that I hallooed out stop thief! my cart was going on when I saw this; accordingly he was pursued, they both ran when I hallooed out stop thief!

Q. Did they both run the same way? - Yes, as far as I could perceive; I staid by the horse and cart for fear I might lose the remainder of the goods, and it would have been an unlucky circumstance for me if the prisoner had not been taken, there is such a scandalous character of the porters; I staid by the cart till the man was brought back, which was in a short space of time.

Q. Which was brought back, the man that took it or the man that received it? - I cannot tell.

Q. Who brought him back? - Rowan. When the man was brought back I got the goods into my custody as soon as possible again, I think Crooks produced it to me.

Q. Was that piece of cloth that was produced to you, one that had been taken out of your cart? - That I cannot say; it was missed, but I cannot swear to that.

Q. Were there any marks on the cloth? - Yes, it is numbered, the man of the shop is here.

Q. Who is the man they brought back? - The prisoner at the bar; the porter is here that put in the thirty pieces, and when I got home there was only twenty-seven, there is two pieces quite gone.
Q. Did you go directly home? - No, I went to Bow-street, and left the horse and cart at one of our customer’s door, in Bow-street; Mr. Davis and one of his men sat in the cart during the time that I transacted business at Bow-street.

Q. Whose property was this? - I believe my master was answerable for it while it was in my custody, he had it to calender for Messrs. Turner and Whiteside’s, in Fleet-street; I had taken up all the thirty pieces at Messrs. Turners and Whiteside’s.

Q. Who put them in the cart? - Messrs Turner and Whiteside’s porter, and I had seen thirty pieces counted.

Q. How long had it been put into your cart before you got to Long-acre? - I believe between two and three hours; I had been up as far as Oxford-street, Cavendish-square, and stopped to deliver out goods and take in goods.


I live with John Turner, George Whiteside, and Michael Turner, they are linen drapers, in Fleet-street; Mr. Maskill does business for them. On the 21st of March, I remember looking some linen out for Mr. Maskill, they were put into Mr. Maskill’s cart; I did not see them put in, I did not hear of the loss till the day after; Mr. Maskill was after his man the same day, thinking he had lost them.

Q. Do you know any of these pieces again by the marks? - I don’t think that I should.


I am porter to Messrs. Turner and Whiteside’s; I remember, tying up thirty pieces for Mr. Maskill; they were tied up in Mr. Maskill’s wrapper, in our usual way.

Q. Were the ends well secured? - They were, but in a large load the ends are easily untied; I delivered them to the cart myself.

Fellows. I looked out seventeen pieces of No. 11.

Q. Does this piece in question appear to be No. 11? - It does.

Q. What do you mean by No. 11? - It comes from Ireland No. 1, and I put a stroke on it and made it No. 11; I put a stroke on all the cloth I delivered to Maskill, all but six pieces.


On the 21st of March, I was coming from Soho-square, about half after seven in the morning, I was coming up a street that leads into Long-acre, and I heard some body cry out stop thief! directly two men runs by me, and they ran down the street that I came up, I don’t know the name of the street; it leads into Long-acre, and I sat out after them, and I hallooed out stop thief! and in about half way down the street I saw somebody had stopped one, and before I got quite up to him I picked up the piece of cloth, about twenty yards before I came up to him, where they were stopped.

Q. Did you see any body drop that piece of cloth? - I did not, I was not nigh enough to see them drop it.

Q. Who was the man that was stopped? - I don’t know only by seeing him at Bow-street.

Q. Can you say whether he was or was not one of the men that you saw running? - I cannot tell, no otherwise than by their stopping him, and his being in custody when I came up; I gave the cloth to the porter, and we all followed the cart together to Bow-street.

Oneal. When I turned about I saw my wrapper was undone, at the tail of the cart.

Q. Was there any board at the tail of the cart? - Yes, there was.

I live at No. 126, Tottenham-court-road. On the evening of the 21st of March, I was in Mercer-street, Longacre, about half past seven I heard the cry of stop thief! and saw the prisoner run down Long-acre.

Q. Was there any with him? - No, he was running very hard; I ran into the road, and immediately laid hold of him; he came from the pavement into the middle of the road.

Q. How far might this be from the top of the street which leads into Longacre? - About twenty yards; I saw the cloth underneath his coat, before he dropped it, he had it so when I first saw him, he dropped it the instant I laid hold of him; I saw it was a bundle, but I could not tell what it was till it was brought up by Mr. Crooks. He instantly gave me a violent blow on the side of the head, which made me stagger, but having hold of his coat I recovered myself, and took hold of his collar, and called for assistance, he had gone three or four yards further then in this time, from where he quitted the cloth; at that instant Mr. Watts came up to me, and we secured him; Crook brought the cloth immediately as the prisoner was secured; when I laid hold of him there was no other person in the street.

Prisoner. Can you swear that I am the man that dropped the piece of cloth? - Yes, you are.


On Friday the 21st of March, I was in Mercer-street, Long-acre, about half past seven in the evening, I was with James Rowan , and I heard the cry of stop thief! I saw the prisoner run, and saw Rowan run and catch hold of him.

Q. Did you see any body else in the street at that time? - No, I saw the prisoner drop the cloth, I and Rowan secured him, and we conducted him to Long-acre where the cart was, and from there to the office in Bow-street.

Q. In the scuffle had you gone from the place, where the cloth had dropped. at all? - The prisoner had by some means or other got a little beyond the cloth.

Prisoner. Can you swear that is the piece of cloth that belongs to that young man?

Oneal. This is the piece of cloth given me, and I have had it in my possession ever since.

Q. Do you know that to be one of the pieces put into the wrapper yourself? - I cannot say that.

Q. Did you examine the wrapper as soon as the man ran away? - No, I could not; when the cloth was brought back I examined it then, and I can safely say that I lost no goods after that, because I watched the hind part of my cart very particularly.

Fellows. This is marked No. 11, like the mark that I made, but I cannot swear to it, and that is cloth of the same kind and quality.

Prisoner. I have nothing to say; I should be very glad to go and serve his Majesty, if he would permit me. I have no witnesses here; I am a very poor man.

GUILTY. (Aged 33.)

Transported for seven years.

Miscellaneous: returning from transportation.
11th May 1796
Verdict Guilty
Sentence Death

WILLIAM CHADWICK was indicted for returning from transportation, without any lawful cause, before the expiration of the term of seven years, for which he was ordered to be transported.(The case was opened by Mr. Knowlys).

JOHN OWEN sworn.

I am servant to the keeper of Newgate, Mr. Kirby; I remember the prisoner at the bar being tried in this Court, in April sessions, 1794, on the Middlesex side, (produces the certificate of his conviction); I saw Mr. Shelton sign it. (It is read).

Q. Have you any doubt that he is the man? - A. None; he was sent on board the hulks at Woolwich; after being there near a twelvemonth, he was brought back, and had a pardon on condition of serving in the 60th of regiment of foot, in the West-Indies; I delivered him, with others, at Southampton, according to the order that was given me on the 30th of October last; after that, I saw nothing of him till I was sent for to the Magistrates, when he was committed. During my conveying him from here to Southampton, he behaved remarkably well, very decent and civil.

Q. Did you see him delivered on board a ship? - A. No; he was delivered to a military officer directed to receive him, and I had a receipt of him; I left him under guard of forty or fifty people, the same as I left others who had been convicted here; I received a receipt which I brought back to Mr. Kirby.


Examined by Mr. Knowlys. I am an officer belonging to Whitechapel; I, in company with Robert Coombs , and William Smith, apprehended the prisoner in a street leading from Gravel-lane, in the Borough of Southwark, towards Black friar’s-bridge.
Q. Was he, at that time, at large, or in custody? - A. At large; he ran away from his own house, and we followed him, and took him to the office, and he was committed; he was coming out of his own house, and when he saw us he struck back, went through his house, and over the pales, at the back of the house; it was on Wednesday the 20th of last month.

Q. What parish did you take him in? - A. St. George’s, Southwark.

Prisoner’s defence. When Mr. Owen left me at Southampton, it was on a Saturday; we were not over-burdened with money, and we had no pay; the next day we were put on board the ships at Southampton, and it was not till the afternoon, that we had any provisions; there was a great deal of ill usage, and the sailors said, if I did not like the usage, they would bring me on shore, and so they brought me in the boat and put me on shore at Portsmouth, and they told me to go on board of a man of war if I could; I was willing to go to serve his Majesty, but I was really afraid to go, for fear I should be taken and sent back to where I came from; I am very willing to serve his Majesty, but I was very much ill used in not having provision, and no pay for almost two days.

GUILTY. Death. (Aged 25.)

Derby Mercury Derbyshire, England
7 Jul 1796
LONDON,—Saturday, July 2
The following were respited during his Majesty’s pleasure, viz. John Williams, James M’ Leod, JamesPetty, Robert Simmons, William Chadwick.

London, England, Newgate Calendar of Prisoners, 1785-1853 for William Chadwick.
Willia Chadwick commitged by R Davies T Barnard Esq., and the Rev. H Reynhett DD on Oaths of John Owen for feloniously and without any Lawful cause being at large at the Parish of St. George Southwark in the County of Surrey before the Expiration of the term of seven years for which he was ordered to be transported - dated May 9, 1796.

Indent on Ancestry states that William was 25 years old on arrival - have found no other records of him.

Convict Changes History

Rona Seabrook on 17th June, 2021 made the following changes:

convicted at, alias1: Shadwi Ck, alias2: Sdhadwicke, date of birth: 1785 (prev. 0000), occupation, crime

D Wong on 19th June, 2021 made the following changes:

convicted at, date of birth: 1771 (prev. 1785), gender: m, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au