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Edward Churchill

Edward Churchill, one of 200 convicts transported on the Ann, August 1809

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Edward Churchill
Aliases: Roach (alias)
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1773
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 20th May, 1853
Age: 80 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 51 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Ann or Anne
Departure date: August, 1809
Arrival date: 27th February, 1810
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 199 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 428
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 21st December, 2016 wrote:

Old Bailey Trial:
(http://www.oldbaileyonline.org) t18080713-62
EDWARD CHURCHILL, alias ROACH , and JOHN SMITH, alias JOHN PAUL SMITH , were indicted for feloniously stealing on the 10th of June, two thousand nine hundred pound weight of tallow, value 84 l. the property of Christian Splidt .
The case was stated by Mr. Alley.
CHRISTIAN BRUGES. Q. You are a servant to Mr. Stroder, sugar baker - A. Yes, in a field behind Cable street, St. George’s in the east . The prosecutor’s warehouse is in the same field close by Mr. Stroder’s; in the room where I sleep at Mr. Stroder’s, I had an opportunity of observing the prosecutor’s premises. On the 10th of June, I got up in the morning between two and three o’clock; I looked out of the window, I saw the prosecutor’s door half open; I saw a man in the warehouse with a light; I then awoke Mark Powell ; in consequence of what I observed I went towards the prosecutor’s warehouse; there I saw three men.
Q. Did you see either of the two prisoners - A. No I saw a cart and horse close by the warehouse.
Q. Did you see any body driving the cart - A. Yes but who it was I do not know.
MARK POWELL . Q. Do you remember the morning we are speaking of - A. Yes; between one and two I looked out of the window; I saw a light in the prosecutor’s warehouse, the man with the light went backwards and forwards; I saw him hold a light to the others; I saw them carrying something to the cart, the cart stood by Mr. Splidt’s garden, about fifty yards from the warehouse door; we went down all of us, and the persons all run away, and then four came back; two men came to the carts and two stood a little behind the cart; there were two small carts, one stood at each cart, one drove away with his cart; at the other cart the man had a whip in his hand, that is Churchill; I knew him before, he had a whip in his hand; I spoke to him, I said what have you got there, he said what is that to you; I laid hold of him; he was never out of custody from that time till this.
Q. Was there any thing in the cart - A. The cart was loaded with the same parcels that is here to day.
SAMUEL BONTON . Q. Your father is foreman to Mr. Smith - A. Yes. I locked the door on the night of this robbery.
THOMAS BONTON . Q. You are a servant to Mr. Smith - A. Yes.
Q. Were you entrusted in the custody of this warehouse where this tallow was kept - A. I was. On the night this happened there were goskins; I left them safe in the warehouse; on the morning I went to the warehouse I found seventeen skins had been taken out; I laid them in thirteen times six.
Q. Were you afterwards shewn the tallow that was in the cart that was produced here to day - A. Yes, that was my master’s tallow; that was packed up the night before.
COURT. What is the general weight of a skin of that tallow - A. One hundred three quarters weight; that is worth five or six pound.
The property produced and identified.
Churchill’s Defence. I had been to Bow fair; coming home down Whitechapel with some friends, I was going to the Blue coat fields; I went to look at what was the matter; I had not a whip in my hand; they asked me what I wanted; I said the same as you to look on.
Smith said nothing in his defence.
Transported for Seven Years .
Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.

Denis Pember on 21st December, 2016 wrote:

In the colony, Edward married Elizabeth Crouch (Convict, 1801, “Earl Cornwallis).  The couple married sometime after 1815.

Prior to this date, Elizabeth had had 3 partners;
She had a child to Captain Stephen Tuckerman, of the ship “Caroline”. This ship was lost in 1803, off Chile. Although not married to him, she and the child, also named Stephen, were provided for.
Then she was married, in 1807 to William Addy (Convict, 1792, “Royal Admiral”) who died in 1812 and then to Thomas Ivory (Convict, 1803, “Glatton”) who died in 1815.
Elizabeth was a widow with one child and considerable resources when she married Edward.

Denis Pember on 21st December, 2016 wrote:

Sainty b& Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 89…
[Ref C1115] Churchill, Edward, 56, FS, Ann, 1810, 7 years, a farmer at Portland Head. 325 acres, 135 cleared, 130 cultivated, 5 horses, 19 cattle.
[Ref C1116] Churchill, Elizabeth, 44, FS, Earl Cornwallis, 1801, 7 years.
# also her son and his family on page 373…
[Ref T1213] Tuckerman, Stephen, 26, BC, Farmer, Portland Head. 105 acres, 50 cleared, 47 cultivated, 8 horses, 80 cattle.
[Ref T1214] Tuckerman, Sarah, 23, BC.
[Ref T1215] Tuckerman, Elizabeth, 5, BC.
[Ref T1216] Tuckermnan, Mary, 3, BC.
[Ref T1217] Tuckerman, Stephen, 2m, BC.
Stephen had married Sarah Beasley the daughter of Charles Beasley (Convict, 1798, “Barwell”) and Mary Thomas (Convict, 1802, “Glatton”).

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 21st December, 2016 made the following changes:

alias1: Roach (alias) (prev. Roach (Alias)), date of birth: 1773 (prev. 0000), date of death: 20th May, 1853 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime

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