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James Connolly

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Connolly
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1774
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 29th June, 1852
Age: 78 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Breaking and entering and stealing
Convicted at: Ireland, Monaghan
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Marquis Cornwallis
Departure date: 9th August, 1795
Arrival date: 11th February, 1796
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 189 other convicts

References

Primary source: Mayberry, Peter; Irish Convicts to NSW 1788-1849. Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795 p. 2 Saity & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales.
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 14th September, 2015 wrote:

James married Sarah Maloney (Convict, Minerva, 1800) at Sydney on 27 July 1800.
They had 6 children.

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales: [Ref C2050] Connolly, James, 50, FS, Marquis Cornwallis, 1796, 7 yrs, Farmer at Wilberforce.
Also Connolly, Sarah 51, FS, Minerva, 1800 and Sarah (jnr) BC no age given. Sarah was the youngest of their children and would have been about 14 at the time of the census.

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote:

IRISH CRIME

James Conolly was in company with at least three other men in breaking into a house owned by Isaac Johnston at Ballagh. (Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795 p. 2)

Ballagh is a townland in the civil parish of Drumsnat. (See http://www.townlands.ie/monaghan/drumsnat2).
The victim, “Isaac Johnston” of Drumsnat, Monaghan is listed In the Flax Growers of Ireland List of 1796 published on https://www.failteromhat.com.

Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795 p. 2
“Monaghan Assizes
“James Conolly, James Hand, Peter Boylan, and Pat. Meath alias McNamee, found guilty of burglariously breaking, and feloniously taking out of the dwelling-house of Isaac Johnston, at Ballagh, 1 gun, plate, and other goods his property, ordered to be hanged 11th May.”

Since a gun was stolen, and it was a group of men, it is likely they were all acting as part of an association such as the Defenders, though this is not stated in the newspaper report. However, charges were often made as burglary and break and enter even though the crime was motivated by political Defender issues.

The men were originally to be hanged within a few weeks. While Conolly was obviously reprieved, it is unclear what happened to the others, who did not appear in NSW, but may have been reprieved into the army, — or may have been hanged, as sentenced.

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote:

Indent LIst

The indent for Marquis Cornwallis records James Conolly as being aged 21. This is the age he states, and would mean he was born in 1774. This is more likely his birth year than the one recorded at his death, which is given by someone else.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 14th September, 2015 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: Mayberry, Peter; Irish Convicts to NSW 1788-1849. Saity & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales. (prev. ), firstname: James, surname: Connolly, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 1770, da

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 made the following changes:

source: Mayberry, Peter; Irish Convicts to NSW 1788-1849. Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795 p. 2 Saity & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales. (prev. Mayberry, Peter; Irish Convicts to NSW 1788-1849. Saity & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1774 (prev. 1770)

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